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Sac

      wickiup n • [In var AmInd langs, e.g., Sac, Fox, and Kickapoo, wikiyap..]    

Salish

      Sasquatch n • [Salish “wild man”..]

      sockeye salmon n • [Folk-etym for Salish suk-kegh red fish]

Scandinavian,/a> (See also Danish; Norwegian; Swedish)

      appleskiver n • Scandinavian settlement areas

      Berliner kranzer n • Ger, Scan settlement areas

      cook v 1 • chiefly Nth, esp in Ger and Scan settlement areas

      fattigmanns bakkels n • chiefly in Scan settlement areas, esp MN, WI

      fish ball n 2 • esp Scandinavian settlement areas

      flatbread n • chiefly Scan settlement areas

      julekake n • esp in Scan settlement areas

      kispel n • [Prob Scan..]

      kringle n • Scan settlement areas, esp WI

      Lute n2 • [Abbr for Lutheran, infl by Ger and Scan pronc]

      peppernut n • [Calque of pfeffernuss or its synonym in..one of the Scan languages]

      rosette n • esp in Scan settlement areas

      should v • [..some infl from the use of the cognate verbs in Ger and Scan langs to mean “is said to.”]

      skillpot n • [..perh one of the cognate Scan forms..] (MAP)

      sylte n • chiefly Scandinavian settlement areas, esp MN

Scotland; Scots; Scottish; Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue; Dictionary of the Scottish
Language; Scottish National Dictionary

      aboon prep, adv • [SND abune..]

      afear(e)d adj • [..SND, “chiefly archaic.”]

      agley adv • [Scots agley squinting, awry]

      ahind prep, adv • [..see EDD for exx, chiefly from nEngl, Scotl]

      airish adj 1 • Note: The form is still current in Scots..(SND).

      allicomgreenzie n • [Scots SND, 1824➝]

      all setting adj phr • [..cf..SND set v 12]

      and conj B4 • [Perh orig an Irish or Scots locution: see EDD and conj 2..]

      aneath prep • [Scots and nEngl form of beneath: cf OED, EDD, SND]

      antigoglin adj, adv • [anti- against, counter + goggling ppl adj < goggle to shake, tremble (EDD, SND)]

      Antony-over n, exclam • [Prob of Scots origin though earliest quot is US: cf EDD, SND] (MAP)

      arg v • [Cf SND arg to talk ill-temperedly and hot-headedly]

      aside (of) prep • [..see also EDD, SND]

      Aunt Dinah’s dead n • [Prob Scots..]

      awar adj • [Scots: see SND awaur, awaar, awar]

      baby-rags n pl • [Cf..SND babby-rags small bits..]

      back v 3 • [Scots: cf DSL..]

      backie-horse n • [Scots backie a hoist onto one’s back (SND, EDD)]

      backings n • [Cf SND..backings refuse of wool, etc]

      back-jaw v, n • [Cf SND, EDD]

      backset n 1 • [SND 1721➝]

      backsie adj • [Prob rel to Scots bach cow-dung]

      baldy n1 • See..SND bawsey

      ballup n • [Scots..]

      bannock n • [Scots and nEngl dial]

      barefooted adj • [Cf SND barefoot(ed) broth made without meat]

      barley exclam • [..See also SND]

      bart-all n • [Perh rel to Scots bardy insolent, quarrelsome]

      bawbee n • [Scots bawbee halfpenny]

      ben n1 • [Scots ben < OE be-innan]

      bend n2 1 • [Scots]

      bergall n • [Scots berge(l); cf SND]

      betimes adv • [..cf EDD betimes adv.2, Scots, Ir, nEngl dial]

      biddable adj • [..orig Scots]

      bide a wee v phr • [Scots]

      billy buster n • [Perh Scots billy fellow, comrade + buster one who strikes, beats, or breaks]

      billy whicker n • [Cf EDD billy sb.1, used in Scots and nEngl dial names of..birds..; + whicker,..the sound..]

      binky n 2 • [Cf Scots bink a bench to sit on]

      birk n • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      biver, all of a adj phr • [all of a + biver alter of Scots and Engl dial bever a shiver, tremor]

      blink v 2 • [SND 1768➝]

      blutter adj • [..cf Scots bluiter, blutter filth in a liquid state]

      boal n • [Alter of Scots bole]

      bolden v, adj • [Scots boldin, boulden to swell..]

      boners v • [Prob Brit dial..bunce intj, used to claim possession (SND 1825➝)..]

      bonny adj • [Scots bonny beautiful, attractive, great, considerable]

      book n2 • [By folk-etym from..Scots bouk belly..]

      boose n • [Prob from Scots boose, buss, bush mouth]

      brack n • [Prob Scots form of break n]

      brash adj1 • [..Engl brash..heap of fragments..with Scots brash to bruise, crush..]

      brash n1 • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      breaming adv • [Perh from Engl breme, Scots breem fierce, violent]

      bree n • [Prob Scots bree broth, gravy, juice..]

      brickle adj • [..cf..SND]

      brickle adj 2 • [Cf SND bruckle adj 2a, b]

      brickle v • [..cf SND bruckle v (1)]

      brief adj1 2 • [Cf SND brief adj. 2 (1)]

      briggle v • [Prob obs Scots breeghle to fiddle, make little progress despite much bustling]

      brinjer n • [Prob Scots breenger a formidable foe < breenge..]

      brisket n • [Scots]

      bubba n2 • [Cf Scots dial bubba grandfather]

      bubbly-jock n • [Engl and Scots dial..]

      buckie n2 • [Scots buckie, bucky a mischievous boy]

      buckled up adj • [Cf nEngl and Scots dial buckel to marry]

      bugeye n2 • [Perh from Engl and Scots dial buckie shellfish..]

      bulger n1 2 • [..SND bulsher a playing marble]

      bull-in-the-ring n 1 • [SND bull i’ the park, ~ ring]

      bully v2 • [Scots bully v to play at “bully”, a fighting game played with chestnuts on a string]

      bully-fight v • [Cf SND bully v]

      bumbee n • [Scots]

      bush v2 • [Cf EDD, SND booshie a call to cows]

      busty adj • [Perh rel to Scots busteous rough, fierce (SND)]

      but n1 • [Scots]

      but-and-ben n • Scots settlement areas

      by adv • [..SND by 2 adv. ‘extended also to time to mean “past, finished” ’]

      cacky v, n • [Scots, Engl dial cack, cacky to void (as) excrement]

      caddow n • [..DOST 1576➝ but no longer current in Scots]

      cadgy adj • [Scots caigie wanton; cheerful, sportive; DSL 1592➝;..SND]

      cady n • [Scots cadie [ˈkedi] a man or boy’s cap—see SND Suppl.]

      cafugelty n • [Prob alter of Scots carfuffle, carfuchle..(SND carfuffle n 2), perh blended with Scots curfuggle..]

      calf yard n1 • [Perh Scots calf-ward]

      calico n B1a • [..cf Scots cailliach an old woman (DSL), calik a gossip (SND)..]

      calk down v phr • [Scots and Engl dial calk, cau(l)k..]

      call hogs v phr • [Scots call to drive + Scots hog yearling sheep or Engl hog pig]

      candle n A • [Cf Scots, nEngl dial can’le, cannle, etc]

      candy pulling n • Cf SND taffie-join

      cankerous adj • [Cf Scots, Engl dial cankered cross,..]

      cantrip n • [Scots cantrip, cantraip, cantrap a charm; a spell; a trick]

      cascrom n • [Scots cascrom a crook-handled spade..]

      cat n 4 • [Scots; SND ➝1923]

      catagorricky adv • [..+ (perh) Scots dial gorroch..]

      catawampus adj • [..perh rel to Scots wampish to wriggle,..]

      catch n 3 • [SND 1895➝]

      chancy adj 1 • [Scots]

      check n2 • [Scots chack, check a snack]

      child n A2 (pronc) • Scots

      chimney n • [Cf Scots and nEngl dial chymlay, chimblay 16th cent➝]

      chuck n3 • [Scots and Engl dial; see EDD, SND]

      chuffy adj2 • [Scots and nEngl dial chuff, chuffy: see EDD chuff..]

      chum n1 • [..cf obs Engl & Scots dial chum food (DSL, EDD)..]

      claggy adj • [Engl dial and Scots claggy sticky, glutinous, muddy: see SND and esp EDD claggy adj 3]

      claik n • [Scots: see SND claik n1 4]

      clapperclawing vbl n • [Scots and Engl dial; EDD clapperclaw..]

      clart v • [Scots and nEngl dial clart smear with dirt, befoul]

      clary n1 • [Scots; see SND clary 1]

      clash n • [Scots and nEngl dial; see EDD, SND]

      clatchy adj • [Scots and nEngl dial; clatch mess; cf SND, EDD]

      clatter n 2 • [Scots and nEngl dial]

      clatter n 3 • [Cf Scots in a clatter at once, immediately]

      clatterbones n pl • [Scots]

      clatterment n • [Cf Scots clatter-traps, clutterment..]

      clatty adj • [Scots, Ir, and nEngl dial; cf EDD, SND]

      clearance(s) exclam • [Also in Scots; see SND]

      clever adj 1 • [..cf EDD, SND]

      clew n1 • [Scots, Ir, and nEngl dial; cf EDD]

      clew v • [..occas in Scots and nEngl dial; cf SND claw v. 3..]

      clipe n • [SND clype, kleip, n.4 “A blow”..]

      clod v 1 • [Also in Scots, Ir and Engl dial: see EDD, OEDS]

      clod fitter n • [Prob Scots fit to tread..ult from Scots, nEngl dial fit foot]

      close-clapped adj • [..see SND clap v. 2..]

      cluck adj • [..Scots clock-hen..]

      cog n • [Scots and Engl dial cog a hollow wooden vessel; a pail]

      coggle v1 • [Scots and Engl dial..]

      cohogle v • [..SND carfuffle v.1..]

      colly-fox v • [Scots collie-fox to idle about]

      comb n B1 • [Scots and nEngl dial]

      coof n • [Perh from Scots coof..]

      cookie n1 1 • [Prob Scots cookie flour cake or bun]

      coop v2 • [..cf SND coop n.1..]

      cooser n • [Scots; alter of courser]

      cooter v • [Prob Scots, nEngl dial: see SND cuiter..]

      corfish n • [Prob assim of corft, corved ppl adj, preserved in salt, + fish; SND corft..]

      couthy adj • [Scots couth familiar + -ie, -y]

      cover n, v (pronc) • (Note: this pronc is also common in Engl dial; see SND, EDD kiver)

      crawm n • [..cf Scots, nEngl dial crame..]

      creep n1 • [Engl, Scots dial creepie a low stool]

      crock n3 • [Scots crock an old ewe]

      crud n B1 • [Scots and Engl dial]

      cruddle v • [Scots and Engl dial]

      cruddled milk n • [Scots and Engl dial]

      cud n • [Cf Scots cood, cuid cud]

      cumfluttered adj • [Scots cum-, intensive..]

      cunny line n • [..Scots, Engl dial var cully-thumb (EDD Suppl., SND)..]

      curnubble v • [..cf SND curnoble]

      cutty adj • [Scots]

      daddy v 3 • [Cf Scots and nEngl dial father to indicate one’s paternity by resemblance]

      dancer n 1 • [Scots dial]

      dautie n • [Scots..]

      dead adj A • [Proncs of the type [ded] are found in..Scots..dial]

      devil n • [Proncs..of the type [dil] are common in Scots..dial]

      devil’s spoons n • [..SND deil’s spoons 1808➝]

      dicked ppl adj1 • [Perh var of Scots dicht (var of dight) ppl adj, dressed, adorned or decked..]

      dicty adj • [Perh from Scots dicht..]

      diddle v 2 • [..this sense appears to be most common in Scots dial.]

      diff n • [Perh var of Scots dowf a dull blow; cf SND dowf II. n. 2]

      dinge n2 • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial]

      dinky adj • [Scots, nEngl dial dink neat, nice, finely dressed]

      dirk n • [Scots dowrk, durk dagger; DOST 1567➝]

      dish-faced adj • [..cf DSL]

      disremember v • [Prob orig Scots; DOST 1584➝]

      dite n • [Scots..dial, pronc-spp for doit; cf..SND doit n.1 2..]

      dodger n1 • [Prob Scots dadge a bannock, perh infl by Scots dodge..(DSL) or dodgel..(DSL)]

      dogan n • [..cf Scots dugon, used as a term of contempt for a poor, weak, or worthless person (DSL, SND..)..]

      do-less adj • [Scots (DSL 1788➝)..]

      donsie adj • [Scots, nEngl dial donsie; prob from Scots Gael donas evil, harm..]

      doodle n1 1 • [..cf SND doddle n. 2 “The male genitals”]

      doodle n1 5 • [Cf SND doddle n. 3..]

      doorstone n • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      dort v • [Scots; cf EDD, SND]

      dorts n pl • [Scots]

      doup-end n • [Scots dial..doup bottom end (of an egg, candle, the human body, etc)]

      dour adj • [Scots]

      douse n • [Scots, Engl dial]

      dovekie n • [Scots dimin of dove]

      down-setting n • [Scots; cf SND doonset, down-, n. 3 “A scolding; a crushing rebuke” 1824-1868]

      drat n • [Perh var of Scots drit(e), dret dirt, excrement]

      dream cake n • [Cf SND dreaming-bread (also ~-bit) a wedding or christening cake..]

      drib n • [..in Engl, Scots, Ir dial]

      driddle along v phr • [SND driddle v. 2. (1) “To spill, dribble, trickle, drop in small quantities”]

      driddle water n • [Cf SND driddle v. 2. (2) “To urinate in small quantities”]

      drift n 1 • [Scots and Engl dial drift a drove, herd, flock]

      drip n 2 • [Cf SND drap n. 5 “The water which falls from the eaves of a house; hence ‘the eaves of a house..’ ”]

      dripple n • [..cf SND dripple v. “To fall in small drops”]

      drive one’s ducks to a poor market v phr • [..cf..SND mercat n. 4]

      droodle v • [Cf Scots driddle to idle away]

      drop v D4 • [Engl and Scots dial]

      dropped egg n • [Prob from Scots dial; cf SND drap v. 5. (2) (b) 1824➝]

      drought n A1 (pronc) • [Scots and nEngl dial]

      drought n A5 (pronc) • [Scots, nIr dial]

      drown the miller v phr • [Scots and Engl dial]

      drumly adj, adv • [Scots and Engl dial]

      dud n • [Engl and Scots dial]

      duff n 4 • [Scots dial]

      duffy adj • [..cf Scots dial duffy soft, spongelike]

      duke v • [Scots and nEngl dial var of duck to avoid, evade]

      dusty miller n • [Scots, nEngl dial for the common auricula Primula auricula]

      Earl of Hell n • [Orig Scots; see SND]

      eating poss n • [..cf Scots pace Easter..]

      eke n • [SND eik n.2 3..]

      elbedritsch n • [..perh also infl by Scots eldritch weird, unnatural]

      ellenyard n • [cf..SND ellwand]

      endrig n • [Scots; cf SND en(d)rig(g) at en. I. 7]

      Episcopalian n, adj • [Cf SND Episcopaulian..]

      even n • [Engl and Scots dial]

      everly adv • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      eyewink(er) n • [Scots eewink(er) eyelash: SND 1808➝..]

      fact n, v A1 • [Scots dial, 1836➝; cf EDD, SND]

      farrow adj • [Scots, Engl dial farrow, of unknown derivation; see OED]

      fash v • [Scots and Engl dial;..cf OED, SND, EDD..]

      feather v 5 • [..cf SND feather v. 5 “Fig.: to beat, chastise”]

      feeze n, v • [Engl, Scots, Ir dial, from ME fesen to drive off, frighten]

      fell-field n • [Scots, nEngl dial fell a rocky hillside; a stretch of high, open untilled land]

      fergen n • [Perh rel to Scots fargin a piece of wood on the end of a pole to push out the sail of a boat]

      fernling adv • [Prob Scots fairlins, Engl dial fairlings completely, absolutely]

      fetch v B12 • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      finnan haddie n • [finnan, var of a Scots place-name..+ haddie, Scots dial var of haddock]

      fireroom n • [SND (at fire n. 7. [24]) 1700➝; “Now only hist.”]

      first-footer n • [N Engl and Scots dial; cf EDD, SND]

      fissle around v phr • [Scots, Engl dial fissle, to fidget, bustle]

      fitch v • [Prob var of filch, but perh rel to Scots, nEngl fitch to shift, remove]

      fizz n1 1 • [Engl and Scots dial; cf EDD, SND]

      fizz v1 • [Scots dial]

      flabbergasted ppl adj 1 • [Scots; see DSL flabrigastit “Worn out with exertion”]

      flake n1 3 • [Cf SND flake n.1 “Framework of crossed slats..Also in Eng. dial.”]

      flake n2 • [SND 1743-1904]

      flam adj, v1, n • [SND flam v.3..; flam n.5..]

      flambustious adj • [Perh blend of flamboyant + bustious, var of obs Scots busteous boisterous, powerful, fierce]

      flam cake n • [Prob Scots flam pancake, pastry]

      flannel cake n • [..SND flannen bannock, flannen biscuit] (MAP and Map Section)

      flannen n • [Scots, Engl dial varr of flannel]

      flatter v2 • [Perh Scots and Engl dial flatter to float, flutter]

      fleech v • [Scots and nEngl dial]

      flinder v1 • [Scots dial, rare; perh US use is an independent back-formation from flinders 1]

      flinder v2 • [Cf DSL “To flirt; to run about..; also applied to cattle..”]

      flit v 1 • [Scots, nEngl dial; OED 1504➝]

      flittermouse n • [OED 1547➝; widespread in Scots and Engl dial]

      flour bread n • [Scots dial]

      flow n2 • [Scots, nEngl dial “a bog, swamp”]

      flype v • [Scots flype, flipe to fold back or inside out]

      foasty adj • [Perh from Scots vousty, voostie, boastful, proud]

      fog mull n • [Perh Scots mull promontory, bluff (on analogy of bank)]

      fooder man n • [Perh Scots fouter, used as a general term of abuse for a person]

      foot n C5a • [SND 1755➝]

      foot n C5i • [Cf SND heavy o’ (the) fit (at fit II. 10)]

      footless adj 1 • [Scots fitless (var of footless) unsteady on the feet]

      footy adj • [..SND (at foutie) 1722➝..]

      for prep B4a(5) • [Scots dial]

      for all adv phr • [Scots dial]

      forgainst prep • [Obs Scots dial]

      for keeps adv phr • [Prob Scots dial..]

      fornent prep • [Scots, nEngl, and Ir dial]

      foutory adj • [fouter, foutre something or someone worthless or contemptible (chiefly Scots)..]

      fozy adj • [Scots dial]

      full adj B2 • [Chiefly Scots dial; cf EDD]

      fungo n • [..perh from Scots fung to pitch, toss, fling]

      furge n, v • [Cf SND foorich “Bustle, confusion..to bustle, to get excited”]

      furrow horse n • [Cf..Scots, nIr dial fur-horse]

      fute n • [Perh fute, Scots var of fout a fool, simpleton..]

      gab n1 • [Scots, nEngl dial var of gob mouth] (MAP)

      gab n2 • [SND 1822➝..]

      gaily adj • [Scots, nIr, nEngl dial; see EDD (at gaily) and SND (at geylies)]

      gale n1 • [..cf SND gell n.2 4 (var of gale)..]

      galoot n • [Perh ga var of ker- + loot Scots var of lout..]

      gang v • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      gardaloo n • [Appar from Scots gardyloo! a cry to warn passersby before throwing slops from the window]

      geiss n • [Cf SND guise n. 3 “A masquerade”]

      genie n • [Cf SND Jennie prop. n. “Also..Jean(n)ie; Genny…A generic term for a country girl”]

      gill n2 • [Cf SND gillygacus, gilly-gawkie a silly person, and gilly-gawpus a fool]

      gin conj1 • [Scots, nEngl dial..]

      gin conj2 • [Scots, nEngl dial; aphet forms of again..]

      gin prep • [Scots dial; aphet form of again]

      gitlet n • [Prob Scots, nEngl dial get brat, bastard; dimins gettling, gytling, etc]

      give v A • [All of these types of non-std forms occur also in Scots or Engl dial..]

      glabber v • [Scots, Engl dial; cf EDD glabber v. 1 “To chatter, jabber, gabble”]

      glaikit adj • [Scots dial]

      glare n2 • [Cf SND glaur n.1 6 “Slippery ice..; slipperiness”..]

      glass n • [The change of gl > dl by assimilation is common in Engl (but not Scots or Ir) dial..]

      glib-glab v • [Cf SND glibber-glabber “to talk idly and confusedly”..]

      glim n 1 • [Scots dial]

      gloam n • [SND gloam n.]

glom v1 • [..SND glaum, glam v. (also glaam, glom) “1. To snatch, grab..2. To seize..with the jaws; to eat
greedily.”]

      goat’s hair n • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      go in v phr 1 • [Scots, Engl dial]

      gool n2 • [..SND gowl n.2 2]

      gorby n • [Prob Scots gorbie, dimin of gorb a greedy person or animal]

      gowdy n • [Perh SND goudie n1 “A blow, a stroke”]

      gralloch v • [Scots dial]

      gramy v • [..SND gram v. ➝1928]

      gray plover n 3 • [SND 1789➝]

      gulch v • [Engl, Scots dial; cf EDD]

      gump n1 1 • [Engl, Scots, Ir dial]

      gumption n • [Scots, Ir, Engl dial]

      gumptious adj 1 • [Scots, Ir, Engl dial]

      gunk n 1 • [Cf EDD, SND gunk a dunce or blockhead..]

      gurry n • [SND goor n. 4 “Slimy matter scraped from fish; fish refuse…Also gouries..goorie”]

      gutty adj • [Scots, nEngl dial; cf SND gutty (at guttie adj. I. 2) “Fond of good eating, greedy, gluttonous”]

      guzzle n 1 • [Engl, Scots dial]

      gype n • [Scots, Ir dial; cf EDD gype v. and sb. 3]

      Hacklebarney n • [Cf SND Hecklebirnie n.1 “A euphemism for Hell.”..]

      haffers n pl • [Prob var of Engl or Scots dial halver/halfer a half]

      hail n2 • [SND hale II. n. “A haul (esp. of fish), the hauling in of nets;” 1888➝]

      hail-over n, exclam • [Perh from Scots hail + over; cf SND hail v.2..;..hail n. 3 II. 1..]

      haish exclam • [Cf Scots, Engl dial hait a call to urge animals on]

      half v C • [..Scots and Engl dial; cf SND, EDD]

      half man n 1 • [Cf SND halfman (at half II. 1. (14) (b)) “a half bottle (of spirits)”]

      hang v A1 • ..hing and heng are Scots, nEngl dial for hang in all senses except “to execute by hanging”..

      hantle n • [Scots and nEngl dial “a handful; a large quantity or number”; cf..EDD]

      hap n • [Scots dial; cf SND hap n1 2]

      hate n • [Scots dial..]

      havance n2 • [..SND havin(g)s “Behaviour, deportment, (good) manners”..]

      have v4 • [Cf SND hae v. B5 “To put, bring, take, convey, send”]

      hayrow n • [..SND harro a call for help, a cry of alarm or of encouragement]

      hear v B1 • [Scots, Engl dial]

      hearing n 1 • [SND hearin(g) vbl. n. 2 “A scolding, ‘lecture,’ ‘talking to’ ”]

      heave v A1 • [Scots, Engl dial hive; cf SND, EDD (at heave)]

      height n • [Forms with [-ɵ]..superseded in std use by Scots, nEngl dial forms with [-t]..]

      hellion n • [Prob var of Scots and Engl dial hallion, hallian, hallyon “idler, rascal” infl by hell; cf EDD, SND]

      hen n1 B6 • [..cf..SND (at hen n.1 2. (3))]

      henny adj • [Cf SND hennie, henny timid, cowardly (at hen v. 1)]

      hereaway adv • [Engl, Scots dial]

      herm up v phr • [Cf SND herm “To grumble, to be peevish or fretful” (at harm n., v. II. 1)]

      hide n2 2 • [..SND hide n.2 2]

      hidey-hole n • [Cf SND hidie-hole (at hidie adj., n. I. 1)..]

      hilliken n • [Cf SND hillikin “a small rounded hill” (at hill n. I. (4))]

      hilter-skilter adv • [..cf SND hilter-skilter I. adv. “in rapid succession, confusedly, pell-mell…obs.”]

      hind end n • [SND hin(t)-end “the hindquarters, posterior” (at hint I. adj. (4))]

hindside-before adv • [Cf SND hin’side afore “back to front,” hint-side foremost “Backwards” (at hint adj. I.
(8))..]

      hip v2 • [Perh from Scots, nEngl dial hip to hop, skip]

      hipple adj • [Cf Scots, Ir, nEngl dial hipple to limp]

      his adj A • [..SND he’s (at his poss. pron.)]

      his adj B1 • [..SND his poss. pron. “freq. of inanimate objects = its.”]

      hishy-hash(y) n • [..cf SND hish-hash “A muddle, confusion, untidy mess”]

      hiss v 1 • [SND, EDD (at hish)]

      hiss v 3 • [Cf SND hiss int.1 II “a sharp hissing call..to incite a dog to attack”]

      hitter-titter adv • [..cf SND hither “Also hidder”..]

      hobbled ppl adj2 • [DSL hobbil, hobbel..]

      hog age n • [Cf Scots-Gael òg a young man]

      hokey-pokey n2 • [Cf DSL hoakie]

      home folks n pl 1 • [Cf SND hame-folk..]

      hoo v • [Cf SND hooch..]

      hoody n • [Cf SND huidin..]

      hookey exclam • [..perh var of Scots, Engl dial kye cows]

      hooley n • [Cf SND to play huilly wi’ (at hulie adv)..]

      Hope n • [Cf SND hope n.2..]

      hopper-tailed adj • [Cf..SND happer-arsed (at happer n. 1 (1))..]

      horns n • [Cf DSL Suppl. 1841]

      horse fiddle n • [Cf SND horse fiddle (at horse n. 2. (12))..]

      horse tree n 1 • [Cf SND (at horse n. 2.(49))]

      house n, v • [Cf..SND house..]

      hout v • [Cf SND hoot..]

      huffjuff n • [..cf SND juff..]

      hug-me-tight n 3 • [Cf.. SND hug-me-close..]

      huh v • [Cf SND hooch II. v. 2..or perh SND hauch II. n. 2..]

      hullabaloo n • [Forms beginning in hall-, holl-, and hull- are recorded from nEngl and Scotl..]

      humbug n 4 • [..Cf..SND humbug n..]

      humor n B1 • [..SND humour n. 1]

      humor n B2 • [..SND humour n. 1..]

      hundred n, adj A3 • [SND hunder II. (2), (4)..]

      hunkersliding vbl n • [SND (at hunker n. 3 [4] [b])..]

      hunty gray n • [..perh SND hunty [hunt the] goorie” (at hunt v. II. 1. (4))]

      hup v • [..SND hup..]

      huroosh n • [Cf SND huroosh (at hurroo n.) 1..]

      hurrah n B2 • [Cf..SND hurroo n. 1..]

      hurt v B • [Cf..SND hurt..]

      huthering n • [Cf SND hutherin (at hudder v. 1)..; hudder v. 3..; n. 2..]

      hymn n A • [Cf SND hime..]

      hy spy n • [..SND hy-spy (at hi-spy, n.)..]

      i prep • [..cf..SND ay int. 6(3)..]

      ill adj 1 • [..appar Scots dial in ref to humans; cf SND ill adj. I.4]

      in about adv phr • [Cf SND in adv. 9.(1)..]

      infare n • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial; cf EDD, SND]

      inkling n • [Engl, Scots dial; cf EDD inklin(g sb. 1]

      into prep B1 • [Scots and Engl dial; cf SND intae prep. 1; cf EDD into prep. 3]

      it pron A1 (pronc) • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      jabble v • [Prob Scots, Ir, nEngl dial jabble to agitate..a liquid; cf EDD jabble sb.1 6..]

      jack n2 1 • [Folk-etym for Scots chack (SND at chuck n2)]

      jack n2 2a • [..or from Scots and Engl dial chack, var of check pattern of differently colored squares]

      jack bite n • [Prob folk-etym for Scots, Ir, nEngl dial chack a snack + bite]

      jack-house n • [SND jack n.2 “Sc. variant of Eng. jakes, a privy”]

      jackrock n 3 • [..SND jack n.1 3 “a large piece of rock in a coal seam” and jock 3 “lumps of stone in coal”]

      jag v1 • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial]

      jagger n1 b • [..cf DSL jagger “A prickle”]

      jamb-rock n • [Cf..SND jam-stane (at jamb n. 1.(2))]

      jenk, spread one’s v phr • [Cf SND jink n.1 III.3 “A (playful) trick or frolic”]

jenny n 4 • [Cf SND jennie n. 2 “A man who meddles with or assists in a housewife’s work..; a man with
effeminate habits”]

      jiffin(g) n • [Scots varr of jiffy; DSL jiffie, jiffin 1788, 1802..]

      jimpsecute n • [..cf..SND jimp adj. 1 “Of persons: slender, small, graceful, neat, dainty”]

      jing n • [Scots, Engl dial]

      jink v 1 • [Cf SND jink v.1 5 “tr. To..escape the notice of”]

      jink v 2 • [Cf SND jink v.1 5 “to cheat, trick”..]

      jinked ppl adj • [Perh Scots jink to trick, cheat..]

      jink money n • [Cf SND jink v.1 5 “tr..to cheat, trick,”..]

      joe n1 • [Scots jo(e), varr of joy..]

      joog v • [..but cf also SND joog, joug, jugg, jowg (at jog v., n.)..]

      joogle v • [Scots, Engl dial; EDD (at juggle v.2)..]

      jook n • [Cf SND jouk n. II.4..]

      jouk v1 • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      junky adj • Cf DNE, DJE, SND

      keep v B2 • [..cf SND, EDD]

      keeps n pl 1 • [Perh Scots; cf SND keep n. 2] (MAP)

      kernel n 5 • [SND kirnel n. 3..]

      kewster n • [..cf SND custril n. “A fool, a foolish person”]

      kick v A • [SND kick v. “Also kik, keek”] (MAP)

      kick the can n 1 • [Cf SND kick the..can(nie) (at kick v. 3(6))]

      kitchen n2 • [Perh < Scots, Engl, Ir dial kinch..]

      kitchen n2 1 • [Cf..SND kinch n.1 2..]

      kitchen n2 2 • [Cf SND kinch n.1 1..]

      kittly-bender n • [Cf SND kittlie adj. 3 “difficult, dangerous..”]

      kitty exclam • [Cf SND kit int…]

      knee baby n • [Cf SND knee-bairn..]

      knoll n • [SND know “Sc. form of Eng. knoll”]

      lab one’s mouth v phr • [Cf..SND lab(b) (at laib v. I.3) to chatter, talk incessantly..]

      laggy adj • [..SND laggie (at lag adj. I.1)]

      lamb lily n • [SND 1886]

      land-horse n • [Engl, Scots dial; cf..SND (at land I.2.(1)(v))]

      lapsided adj • [..cf also EDD lapsided, SND lab-sided (at lab- adj.)]

      lasty adj • [nEngl, Scots dial; cf..SND (at lest v., n. I)]

      lay n2 • [Scots dial]

      lay in v phr 1 • [Scots, Engl dial]

      lay one’s tongue to v phr • [Scots, Engl dial]

      lazybed n • [SND lazy-bed (at lazy adj. I.1) 1743 ➝..]

      league n • [Cf OED league sb.2, Scots forms lig(g), lyge, lyig from 15th, 16th cents]

      leak v • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      least conj • [Arch and Scots dial var of lest]

      let on v phr • [Scots dial] (MAP)

      letter n 1 • [Scots, Engl dial]

      lickety-split adv • [Cf SND lickitie (in phr fast as lickitie)..]

      lick thumbs v phr • [From an old Scottish custom..; cf SND lick v. 1.(16)]

      lift n1 • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      lift n2 • [Cf SND lift n.2 II.3..]

      lift v 1a • [Scots dial]

      lift v 1b(1) • [Scots dial]

      lift v 1b(2) • [Scots dial]

      lift v 2 • [Cf SND lift v. 4.(2) “To take up, accept and pay (a bill of exchange)”]

      lift v 3 • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      lift, on the adj phr • [Cf SND lift v. I.1.(8)..]

      lightwood n1 • [..(cf Scots licht-coal coal burned to give light)..] (MAP)

      like adv G • [Cf..SND like adv. 1.(1) “Gen.Sc.”]

      -like suff 1 • [Cf..SND -like suff. 1]

      -like suff 2 • [Cf..SND -like suff. 2]

      lippin v • [Scots, nEngl dial lippen]

      lipping full adj phr • [SND lip v. 3.(2) “To be full to the brim, or overflowing”]

      little house n 1 • [..SND 1764 ➝]

little Sally Walker n • [..EDD (at Sally sb.1 2.(6)) shows Sally Walker to be the dominant form in Scotl as well as
nEngl.] (MAP)

      loaden v • [..see also EDD, SND]

      loaf bread n • [Scots, Engl dial] (MAP)

      lobber v • [nEngl, Scots dial lopper, lapper; cf..SND lapper v.1 I.1] (MAP and Map Section)

      lobster n A • [..cf SND, EDD lapster..]

      lock v 1 • [Cf SND lock v. I.6 “to bind or engage oneself to (a person).”]

      lone n • [Scots, Engl dial;..EDD lone sb.2 5; SND lane adj. 2]

      lonesome n B1 • [See SND one’s lanesome (at lane adj. 1.(6))]

      loney v • [..see also SND lane adj. 2.(2)]

      long adj B1 • [..SND lang adj. 2 “Gen. Sc[ots]”]

      long adj B3a • [..see also..SND (at lang adj. I.3)]

      long adv D1 • [..see also SND lang adj. 7.(7) “Gen. Sc[ots]”]

      long chair n • [Cf SND lang chair (at lang adj. I.6.(10))..]

      long drink of water n • [SND lang drink (o water) (at lang adj. I.6.(14))..]

      long eye n • [..cf also SND (at ee n. I.2.(1)) 1944]

      longheaded adj 1 • [..cf also..SND (at lang adj. I.6.(22))]

      lope v1 • [Scots, Engl dial var of Scots loup, lowp to leap]

      lose v A1 • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial loss, swEngl dial lost]

      louse around v phr • [Cf Scots, nEngl dial lowse to stop working]

      low wine n • [..Scots lowins]

      lozenger n • [Scots, Engl dial varr of lozenge]

      lusty adj 1 • [Scots, Engl dial]

      -ma- infix • [Cf SND ma- “An intermediate syllable appearing freq. in Sc. compound words..”]

      make v1 A • [The proncs [mɑk, mɛk] are common in nEngl, Scots dial.]

      make v1 D12 • [..cf SND spune, EDD spoon]

      make of v phr • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      man n C2 • [..common in Scots and Engl dial..]

      man n C5a • [SND man n. 6 c1895 ➝]

      marriage bone n • [nScots dial..]

      marvel n1 • [Engl, Scots dial]

      mauger adj • [..cf SND maugre ..]

      may v B • [Cf SND can v.1 III.2..]

      meddle v 1 • [Scots, nEngl dial; cf EDD meddle v. 3, SND middle v. 1]

      minnow n A5 • [..SND minnon]

      mixy-maxy adj • [Scots, Engl dial; cf EDD, OED (at mixty-maxty)]

      month n B • [The use of sg form for pl..is still common in Scots dial..]

      month n C • [Scots dial]

      moozie n • [Cf SND mozie, moz(z)(e)y, mosey, moosie adjs (at moze n. I.1)..]

      morning, in the adv phr • [Cf Scots adv phr the morn tomorrow..]

      morning’s morning n • [Scots morning a drink of liquor taken before breakfast]

      mostly adv • [Scots, Engl dial]

      mourn v 2 • [SND murn v. 2…]

      mozey n2 • [Cf SND moshie (at mosh n.2)..and mooshie (at mosh n.2)..]

      muckle adj • [Scots muckle large, big; mature]

      mudge n • [Perh Scots, Engl dial mudge a movement, stir]

      mudge v • [Scots dial]

      mull adj, n1 • [SND mull adj “Hornless”..]

      mull v2 • [Cf SND mull n.2 1..]

      murgens n • [Cf SND mirge (at mird n.2)..]

      mushle v • [..cf SND mush v.1..]

      mutton corn n • [Perh folk-etym form of Scots mauten; cf 1840 DSL mauten, mawten..]

      nappy n1 • [Scots dial dimin of nap bowl, basin] (MAP)

      near cut n • [nEngl, Scots dial; cf EDD]

      near hand adj phr • [Scots dial]

      need v 2 • [Prob of Scots, nIr origin; cf SND need v. 4, 1923 ➝]

      needcessity n • [Brit, esp Scots, folk-etym for necessity]

      needle-wire n • [Cf Scots wire a knitting needle]

      nervish adj • [Engl, Scots, Ir dial; cf EDD]

      nesh adj • [Engl, Scots dial; cf EDD nesh adj]

      newsy adj • [..SND (at news n. I)..]

      nicker n1, v • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial] (MAP and Map Section)

      niff-naff n • [Cf Scots, nEngl dial niff-naff a trifling or unimportant thing]

      noodle v1 • [..cf Scots, nEngl dial guddle..]

      notice v 1 • [Cf SND notice v. 1 “To watch, tend, take care of, see to, look after”]

      notion n 1 • [nEngl, Scots dial; cf SND notion n. 1]

      notionate adj • [Cf SND notionate (at notion n. 2) “obstinate, headstrong”]

      of prep C4 • [..may be from Scots, nIr dial; cf SND o prep. 1.(6)(v), of 4.(4)(ii)..] (MAP)

      offen prep • [Chiefly Scots, nEngl dial; See SND affin, EDD off prep. 2.(14)]

      old daddy n • [SND auld daddy, auld father (at auld adj. 2)]

      Old Horny n • [Scots Auld Hornie]

      old mamma n • [Cf SND auld-mither (at auld adj. 2.(5))]

      Old Year’s Eve(ning) n • [Cf SND auld adj. 6]

      on prep B3a • [Cf EDD on prep. II.10, SND wait v. I.B.1.(3)(i)] (MAP and Map Section)

      open adj B2 • [Cf..SND open adj. 2..]

      orey-eyed adj • [Perh var of awry, but cf SND oorie adj. 1..]

      out adj D1 • [Cf SND out adv. II.3 “Of a cup,..: emptied..”]

      out adv B8 • [Scots, Engl dial; cf SND out adv. II.4, EDD out adv. 13]

      outen prep 1 • [Scots, nEngl dial..]

      paddy frog n • [Scots var of paddock]

      paddybass v • [Cf SND.. “Sc. form of Fr. pas de bas(que)..”]

      parcel n, v • [..parshel, parshal are occas attested in Scots, nEngl dial.]

      pattern n • [Scots, Engl dial]

      peggy n1 • [Brit dial: EDD..; SND..] (MAP)

      penny-dog n • [Scots, nEngl dial..]

      perish v 4 • [Scots dial]

      perjinkety adj • [..cf SND perfink..]

      pernickety adj • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial..]

      peruse v • [Scots, Engl dial]

      pet n 2 • [Scots, Ir dial pet(day)..]

      pick n1 • [Scots, nIr dial <..dial var of pique]

      pickety hop n • [Perh rel to Scots, Ir dial pickie(s) hopscotch]

      piece n 8 • [Scots, Ir, Engl dial] (MAP)

      pieceway(s) n • [Prob survival of Scots idiom..]

      pig n2 • [Scots, nEngl dial..]

      piney rose n • [Cf Scots, nIr peony-rose..]

      pinkie n3 • [..or through Scots pinkie (SND at pink n.2 2 1808 ➝)]

      plane tree n 2 • [..for Acer pseudoplatanus in Scotl and nEngl]

      pluffer n • [..Scots dial; cf EDD pluffer (at pluff v.)]

      pock n • [..SND pock n.1 1]

      pointedly adv • [Cf SND..]

      pointer n 3 • [SND..]

      point row n • [Cf SND point n. I.5 ..]

      pole v 1 • [Cf SND powl v.1 2..]

      police n B1 • [Scots; see SND police n. 3]

      poor mouth n • [Scots, nIr dial]

      pooter v • [Cf SND peut(e)r, pewt(e)r (at peuther v.2)..]

      poppy show n • [Scots, Engl dial;..cf the parallel Scots dial puppie show..]

      porridge n A • [..in Scots and Engl dial porridge is often construed as a collective plural]

      poss v • [Scots, nEngl, Ir dial poss, pous]

      pot n 5 • [Scots, nEngl dial…cf EDD pot sb.1 7..; SND pot n.1 4..]

      potty adj 1 • [SND pottie (at pot n.1 1)..]

      potty adj 2 • [Cf SND pot-black (at pot n.1 2.(1))]

      preaching n • [Scots, nIr dial]

      pride n • [Cf..SND pride n.2 “The spleen of an animal”..]

      priminary n • [Scots, Engl dial var..]

      prog n1 2 • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      prog v • [Scots, Engl dial; cf..EDD prog]

      prossy adj • [SND prossie, prowsie (at pross v.)..]

      proudful adj • [Scots, Engl dial]

      pudge v 1 • [Scots..dial; cf SND pudge..]

      purie n • [Prob from SND peerie n.1 6..]

      pushion-berry n • [Scots..var of poison; cf SND..]

      put at v phr • [Scots dial]

      put v • [..antecedents in Scots and Engl dial; pit is the common form in Scots and nEngl dial..]

      put v B2 • [..the Scots, nEngl dial inflection of pit..]

      queer adj B • [Cf SND queer adj. 3..]

      queerous n • [..cf SND querious]

      quile v2 • [..cf also SND quall v. “Of wind, etc.: to lull, abate”]

      rag n2 • [..SND n.2 I.1 “A disturbance, a noisy dispute”]

      raise v B5 • [Chiefly Scots dial; cf EDD]

      ramshackled ppl adj 1 • [..perh infl by Scots dial camshacle to distort, disorder]

      ramstugious adj • [SND ramstageous, ramstugious “Rough, coarse, uncouth”]

      ratch v2 1 • [Scots, nEngl dial..]

      redd v 2 • [..SND redd v.1 4.(2)]

      redd v 3 • [..SND redd v.1 6.(3), 7.(1), rid v. 5.(2), 6]

      redd v 4 • [..SND rede v.2 3, redd v.1 4.(6)..]

      redding comb n • [Scots, nIr, nEngl dial..]

      rede n • [Scots dial; see EDD rede sb.2]

      reel-footed adj • [Scots, Ir dial]

      ree-rye n • [Prob var of nIr dial ree-raw; cf EDD, SND reel rall]

      relievo n • [..Ult from arch, chiefly Scots dial relieve to release, rescue]

      residenter n • [Scots, nIr, nEngl dial]

      ribble off v phr • [SND (at reeble v. 1) “To reel off in a hurried, expressionless manner”]

      ribey adj • [Cf SND ribe n. 2 “A long-legged, thin person…”]

      ride v1 B9 • [Var of..Scots..(someone or something) to ride the water on (or with)..]

      rinse v, n • [..cf..also SND, which gives [rɪnz] as the usu Scots pronc]

      rippet n • [Scots dial..]

      rizzle v • [Scots, nEngl dial..]

      road n1 B1 • [Scots, nEngl dial]

rounce n • [EDD roonses..— reported from Aberdeenshire. Cf SND round n. 9, where roonses is interpreted as a
double plural..]

      ruction n • [Engl, Scots, Ir dial, cf EDD..]

      rue v • [Scots, nIr, nEngl dial]

      rullion n • [Scots dial; cf SND rullion (at rivlin n. 4)]

      rumbled up adj phr • [Engl, Scots dial; cf SND..]

      run-a-mile n • [Cf SND..]

      run sheep run n • [Perh of Scots origin,..cf SND] (MAP)

      saft adj • [Scots dial var of soft]

      sawney n • [Scots dial..]

      scale v1 • [Scots, nEngl dial scale, skail to disperse, depart]

      scallyhoot v • [Cf SND skellihewit “A row, a noisy quarrel, din, rumpus”]

      scamp v1 • [Prob Scots, Engl dial; cf SND scamp v…; EDD scamp v.1]

      scaper v • [Cf SND scape v. 2 “To run at large, to scamper.”]

      scoot v 1 • [Scots, nEngl, nIr dial scoot, scout]

      scotch v2 • [From arch scotch..which has var specialized senses in Scots, Engl dial,..SND scutch v.3 1, 2..]

      scour adj • [Perh rel to Scots scourie shabby, ragged]

      scrawn n • [..cf SND scrawn (at scran n. 2..)]

      scrooch v • Cf EDD, SND

      scrooch v • [..prob of Scots, nEngl dial origin]

      scrunt n • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      scunner n • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      scunner v • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      several adj, n, pron B • [Scots, Ir; cf EDD, Concise Ulster Dict.]

      shabby adj • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      shank it v phr • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      shaw n • [Engl, Scots, Ir dial;..EDD shaw sb.1 1]

      sheep sour n • [..may instead (or also) derive from Scots sheep sourock..]

      shelving n • [Scots, nEngl dial..]

      shifting clothes n • [Scots dial]

      shock n2 • [Scots dial]

      shoo-round n • [Cf ..SND shue v. 1 “To swing, rock or sway backwards and forwards”]

      -sie suff • [SND -sie suff. 2]

      simmy n • [Cf SND simmy v. “To mope about..”]

      singlings n • [SND 1796 ➝]

      skate n2 • [Sense 1 is of Scots origin..]

      skate n2 1 • [SND skate n.1 3..]

      skate n2 3 • [Cf skate v 4 and SND skite n.1 3..]

      skate v 2 • [..SND skite v.1 ..] (MAP)

      skate v 4 • [Cf SND skite v.1 5(2)..]

      skeelings n • [Cf SND keel v.3 “To skim the floating fat from soup, etc.”]

      skeet n1 • [SND skeet n.1..]

      skeet v • [Cf EDD skeet v., SND v.1, v.2]

      skeet v 3 • [SND skeet v.1 1 “To (make to) skim over the surface of water”]

      skeller-eyed adj • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial..]

      skep n1 • [..scape is an older Scots var]

      sketch n • [SND sketch n.2 “a brief period of time..”]

      skift n1 • [Var of skiff; SND skift n.2 1889 ➝..]

      skift n2 • [SND skift n.1 2, skiff n.1 2..]

      skift v1 • [Cf SND skiff v. 5.., skift v. 21..]

      skinny malink n • [.. SND (at skinny adj. 2)..]

      skirt n • [Cf SND skirp n. 1..]

      skite n • [..SND skite n.2 2 “A nasty or objectionable person”]

      slack jaw n • [Scots, Engl dial..]

      slank adj • [Scots, nEngl dial..]

      slash n1 • [Prob..imit..cf..Scots, nEngl dial slashy muddy, miry]

      sleep in v phr • [Scots dial; cf EDD sleep v. II.2] (MAP)

      sloosh n1, v • [..Scots dial; cf SND sloosh n. 2 “A dash of water ..,” v. “To splash..”]

      sloosh-hole n • [Cf SND slush n. 1 “A wet marshy place, a puddle, quagmire..”]

      slope v • [Prob from Scots, nEngl, nIr dial slope to trick, cheat, evade..]

      sly v • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      smudder v, n • [..presumably inherited from Brit dial (see..SND).]

      snead n • [..(esp in form sned) Scots dial,..cf..EDD, SND..]

      sneak v 2a • [..Cf..SND snoke..]

      sneck n, v • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      snib n, v • [Scots dial]

      snool n • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial]

      snooled down adj phr • [Scots dial snool to bully; to keep in subjection]

      sonsy adj • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      sook exclam • [Scots, nIr, nEngl dial as a call to calves..] (MAP)

      sour milk n • [..Scots,..cf..SND sour I.1.(13)]

      sow n2 • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      sow and pigs n • [Cf Scots sow in the kirk..] (MAP)

      spratch n • [Cf SND spret n.2 1 “A sudden spring or leap, jump, bound”]

      springle out v phr • [Cf..SND springly “?Twiggy, having many small shoots or branches”]

      sprout v1 1 • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      spug n • [Scots, Engl dial “house sparrow”; cf EDD, SND]

      stanchel n • [Scots and chiefly nEngl dial..] (MAP)

      stancheous adj • [Abbrs for arch Scots dial substantious]

      staple n1 • [Scots dial]

      stave v 5 • [Engl and Scots dial]

      staves, to adv phr • [..cf SND stave n. 2]

      stay v 1 • [Scots, nIr dial]

      steady adv B1 • [Cf SND steady adv. “Continuously, all the time”..]

      steady bee n • [Cf SND steady v. “Of a hawk..: to hover in one spot..for prey”..]

      steer v • [Pronc varr of stir(red); cf SND steer v.1]

      step aside v phr • [SND (at step v.) “to err morally..”]

      stile v • [Scots dial stell (also stile) to put in place, station, set up]

      stink base n • [Cf SND stink n. 2..Also.. SND dale, dail n.4 2..]

      stinking willie n 1 • [A Scots name..(SND 1825 ➝)..]

      stob n • [..nEngl, Scots, nIr dial]

      stob v B5 • [SND stob v. 3 “to mark or bound with posts; to prop up with stakes”]

      stog v • [chiefly Scots, nIr dial]

      stove v2 4 • [SND stave v. 3 “To sprain, bruise or confuse a joint of the body”]

      strand n1 • [Scots, nEngl dial strand a stream, channel]

      strange adj 3 • [SND strange adj. 2 “shy, self-conscious among strangers..”]

      stravage v • [Scots dial]

      strengthy adj • [nEngl, Scots dial]

      striffen n • [Scots, nIr dial; prob < Scots Gael..]

      strop n, v • [strop.. Scots dial form strap, but remains std in a few technical senses..]

      strushled adj • [SND strushle adj. “[strʌʃl]…Untidy, slovenly, disorderly, of persons or things”]

      sturk n • [Scots, nEngl dial stirk, sturk a young bull; fig, a stupid or foolish person]

      such adj, adv, pron • [Cf EDD for Scots, Ir, Engl dial forms]

      sugan n • [Ir, Scots Engl suggan (< Ir, Scots Gael súgán)…]

      susy adj • [Cf SND susy (at shusy n. 1) “Used for a woman in gen., esp. a silly..woman”]

      suz intj • [Scots, Engl dial sirs.., (..cf SND ser v.2)..]

      swag n 1 • [Engl, Scots dial]

      swag n 5 • [SND swag n. 4 “A quantity of liquid or liquor, a long `pull’ or draught”]

      swagger v • [..cf SND swag v.2 “Only in fut. tense I’ll swag, I’ll bet” and wager v…]

      swan v • [Reanalysis of Scots, nEngl dial I’se warn..(..SND warrand v.)]

      swanky n • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      swanny v • [Reanalysis of Scots dial I’se warn ye..] (MAP)

      swarp v • [Varr of swap in var senses now obs or found only in Engl, Scots dial..]

      swarp v 1 • [..SND swap v.1 “To strike, hit,..scourge.”]

      swarp v 2a • [SND swap v.1 3 “To brandish (a weapon), make a swipe with”]

      swarp v 2b • [SND swap v.1 3 “to cast a fishing-rod”]

      swarp v 4 • [SND swap v.1 5..; 6..]

      swarp v 6 • [Cf.. SND swap v.1 7 “tr. To drink in quick long gulps”]

      swatch v 1 • [..cf SND swash v. 3.(2) “to go about in a showy ostentatious way”]

      swatch v 2 • [Cf SND swash v. 3.(1) “to rush to and fro,..bustle”]

      swither n • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial]

      swoggle v • [Cf SND swaible (also swabble) v. 2 “To mop up..energetically”]

      swop n • [Cf..SND swap n.1 4 “A pull or swig of liquor”]

      sword n • [Prob from Scots, Engl dial..]

      tackle n • [The forms with [e] and [i]..continue Brit dial forms (cf..SND tackle)..]

      take down v phr a • [Scots, nEngl dial..]

      take in v phr • [SND tak v. B.1.(8).(viii) “intr. of a church: to assemble..”]

      take up v phr 2 • [SND tak v. B.1.(14).(vi) “to re-open (a school or college)..]

      tarve v • [..Brit evidence later than the 16th cent is a single 1824 Scots ex of the form tirvie.]

      taste v B3 • [Scots dial; cf..SND taste v. 2]

      teethache n • [SND 1840 ➝; EDD 1898 ➝]

      tell v B2b • [nScots, nIr, and swEngl dial]

      that’s pron • [..reinterpretation of that’s contraction of that his; cf..SND that pron. I.1]

      the def art B1 • [Chiefly Scots dial; cf EDD the 12 “Comb. with day, morn, night, &c.: this, `to-.’ ”]

      them-uns pron • [Scots, nIr dial; cf SND them yins (at yin pron. 3)]

      thereaway(s) adv • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial]

      they pron2 • [Prob from Scots the(y)..(SND there adv. 1)…]

      thole v • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial]

      thoughty adj 1 • [Scots dial; cf OED2 Obs. exc. Sc.”]

      thribble adj, adv, n, v • [..cf EDD thribble, SND threeple]

      thriblet n • [Cf SND threeplet (at threeple n. II)]

      throng adj • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial]

      throughother adv, adj, n • [Scots, Ir, nEngl dial throughother, throughither..]

      tick tag n • [Scots, nEngl dial tick to touch lightly, esp in a children’s game of tag]

      tight adv 2 • [Cf SND ticht adv. “attentively, closely”]

      till prep B1 • [Scots, nIr, nEngl dial]

      till prep B2 • [Scots dial]

      time about adv phr • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      titling n • [Cf SND titlin n. 2 “The smallest and weakest in a brood, esp. of pigs in a litter.”]

      titty n1 • [Perh Scots, nEngl colloq or hypocoristic titty sister..]

      to prep B4 • [Scots, nIr dial; cf SND tae prep. 6.(4).(i), EDD to prep. 4]

      toad n 6 • [SND 1768 ➝]

      torn down adj phr 1 • [Scots, Engl dial]

      tottle v 2 • [Scots, nEngl dial..]

      troke n • [SND troke n. 4 “Any small piece of work or business..”]

      trollop v 3 • [Scots dial]

      truckle v • [Cf SND troke I.4 “..to trudge about”]

      turn v C5 • [Scots, nIr dial turn the wild cat..to turn head over heels]

      -um suff • [Cf SND -um suff “esp. in children’s language”]

      untelling ppl adj • [Scots dial]

      upcast v • [nEngl, Scots, Ir dial]

      us-uns pron • [Scots, nIr dial; cf SND us yins (at yin pron. 3)]

      vaunty adj • [Scots, nIr dial]

      wallink n • [Scots, nEng, Ir dial wellink, wallink ..]

      wally basket n • [Scots wallie fine, beautiful + basket]

      want v1 C1 • [..this constr..occurs..chiefly among Scots and Anglo-Irish writers.]

      want v1 C2 • [Scots, nIr dial..]

      want v1 C3 • [Prob of Scots, nIr orig..]

      wattle n1 • [Scots, nEngl, nIr dial]

      weather gall n • [nEngl, Scots, nIr dial]

      weed n • [Scots, Ir dial]

      whang n1 • [Brit, esp Scots, nIr, dial var of thong]

      what-all pron 1a • [Scots, nIr dial]

      what for adv phr 1 • [nEngl, Scots dial]

      what for (a) adj phr • [In some areas..a calque of Ger was für (ein),..in others perh from..Scots and Engl
(Kentish) dial…]

      whenever conj a • [..SND (at whan)..]

      where-all adv • [Prob..Scots, nIr dial..]

      whim-wham for a goose(‘s) bridle n • [Scots, nIr dial; cf EDD whim-wham 9.(3)]

      whinge v • [Scots, nEngl dial]

      whip v, n A1 (pronc) • [Scots dial whup] (MAP)

      whip v, n A4 (pronc) • [Scots dial]

      whistlewood n • [Scots, nIr dial]

      white liver n • [Cf..SND white liver (at white adj. I.(39));..]

      why for adv • [Orig swEngl, Scots dial..]

      widowman n • [Engl, Scots, nIr dial] (MAP)

      widow woman n 1 • [Engl, Scots, nIr dial] (MAP)

      will v B3 • [SND will v.1 4..]

      wingle v • [SND wingle v. 1..2 ..]

      winker n 1 • [Orig nEngl, Scots dial; cf EDD winker sb. 1]

      wizzen n • [Chiefly nEngl, Scots, nIr varr of weasand; cf ..SND wizzen, Concise Ulster Dict. weasen]

      wonder v1 1 • [..reflect Brit dial survivals of ME idioms (see..SND wunner II.1).]

      worth adj B • [..SND worth adj. 2 ..; 1.(1) little-worth, -wirt..]

      yonder adv, adj, n A4 (pronc)    [SND [ˈjon(d)ər]]

      york v • [Scots, nEngl dial; cf EDD york (at yawk v. 1)]

      you-uns pron1 • [Scots, nIr dial you-ones, you-uns, you yins]

Scots Gaelic See Gaelic

Seminole  

      coontie n • [Seminole kunti]

      trembling earth n • [Calque of Seminole okefinokee]

Serbo-Croatian

      dupa n • [..cf..Serbo-Croatian dupe]

Shawnee

      mechameck n • [..cf Shawnee mak-, Menominee mɛ·c big (in reference to the large root)]

Sicilian

      muffuletta n • [Sicilian dial muffuletta a soft, spongy roll]

      pasta fazool n • [..cf Sicilian fasula..bean]

Slavic

      kishke n • [Yiddish, ult of Slavic origin..]

      -sky suff • [Appar in imitation of Russ (or other Slavic) names or other words ending with this element..]

Slovak            

      halushky n pl • [Slovak halušky]

Slovene

      potica n • [Slovene..]

Smoky Mountains; Dictionary of Smoky Mountain English (See also Appalachians)

      grayback n 5 • Smoky Mountain area

      tarpole wagon n • [..DSME suggests that tarpole is a folk-etym for tarpaulin.]

Sotho

      milo maize n • [Sotho maili] (MAP)

South (See also Inland South)

      a prep1 3 • chiefly Sth

      *a prep1 5 • throughout US, but esp freq in Midl, SW; less freq Sth, NEng

      a inert vowel • now chiefly Sth, Midl

      about prep, adv (pronc) • chiefly Sth, Midl

      about to die adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      above one’s bend adv phr • esp Sth, West

      Abraham Lincoln n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      account n (pronc) • esp Sth, Midl

      act v B1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      Adam’s apple n 2 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      adder n 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, NEast; rare in West (MAP)

      afear(e)d adj • once widespread, now chiefly Sth, Midl

      afflicted ppl adj • chiefly Sth, Midl

      afore adv, conj, prep • once widespread, now chiefly Sth, Midl

      African n1 B1 • Sth

      African n1, adj C1 • now chiefly Sth

      after prep, adv, conj, n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, Midl

      after prep, adv, conj, n (pronc) • esp NEng, Sth

      afterwhile adv • chiefly Sth, Midl

      again conj D • chiefly Sth, Midl

      again prep C1 • now chiefly Sth, Midl

      agate n 3 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      ageable adj • chiefly Sth

      aggie forti(e)s n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      aggravate v B • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      aggravated ppl adj • widespread, though esp freq in Sth, Midl

      aggravating ppl adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      ague n (pronc) • Sth, Midl (MAP)

      aim v • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      air n (pronc) • Sth

      airish adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      airish adj 2 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      airn pron • Sth, S Midl

      air potato n • Sth

      airy adj1 1 • chiefly Sth, NEast (MAP)

      Alabama n (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      alder tag n • Sth

      all adj1 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      all-day singing n • Sth

      alligator n1 B10 • Sth

      alligator bait n 2 • chiefly Sth

      alligator bonnet(s) n • Sth

      alligator tree n • chiefly Sth

      all-overs n pl 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      allow v 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      allow v 4 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      alls n pl • ?Sth

      all she wrote, that’s phr • chiefly Sth, West

      all sorts of adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      all the • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      all (the) time adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      along of prep 1 • chiefly Midl, Sth

      aloose adj • Sth, Midl

      already adv (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      aluminum n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      a many a adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ambeer n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      ambitious adj 1 • Sth, Midl

      ambrosia n 2 • chiefly Sth

      amen corner n 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      amen pew n • chiefly Sth and Atl States

      a mind adj phr • chiefly NEng, Sth

      and conj B2 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      and them conj phr • chiefly Sth

      angel’s-trumpet n 1 • Sth, CA and HI

      anigh prep • esp Sth, S Midl

      ankle express n • esp West, Sth

      ant n (pronc) • Sth

      antigodlin adj, adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      antigoglin adj, adv • Sth, S Midl, West

      antses n pl • Sth

      anxious bench n • chiefly N Atl, Sth, S Midl

      anyways adv 1 • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      anyways adv 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ape n 1 • chiefly Sth

      apple haw n • chiefly Sth

      appreciate v B1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      apron n B4 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      arbor n B1 • Sth, Midl

      argue v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, Midl

      argufy v • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      arrow n (pronc) • Sth, Midl

      arrowwood n c • chiefly Sth

      arthuritis n • esp Sth, Midl

      article n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      ary adj • throughout US, but esp Sth, Midl

      as conj B3 • chiefly Midl, Sth

      as pron D • formerly widespread, now chiefly Midl, Sth

      asafetida n (pronc) • Sth, Midl, and less frequently elsewhere

      ascared adj • chiefly Midl, Sth

      ash-box n • chiefly Sth, Midl, West (MAP)

      ash bread n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      ashcake n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ash-hopper n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      as how conj phr • chiefly Sth, Midl

      ash pone n • chiefly Sth, Midl, esp VA

      ashy adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ask v A1a (pronc) • formerly esp NEng, now chiefly Sth, Midl

      ask v A1b (pronc) • chiefly Sth, Midl

      ask v A2a (pronc) • now chiefly Sth, Midl

      ask v A2b (pronc) • now chiefly Sth, Midl

      assign v • Sth

      ass-licker n 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      at prep 3 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      at prep 4 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      at all adv • chiefly Sth, Midl

      atamasco (lily) n 1 • Sth

      at oneself adj phr • chiefly Sth, Midl

      audacious(ly) adj, adv (pronc) • Sth, Midl

      *aunt n A2 (pronc) • chiefly S Midl, less freq Sth

      aunt n B2 • Sth, Midl

      awful adj 3 • Sth, S Midl

      babe n • Sth

      baby n 3 • esp Sth

      baby catcher n • chiefly Sth

      back v 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      back back v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      backband n • now chiefly Sth

      back-buster n • Sth, Midl

      backdoor trot n 2 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      backset n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      backward(s) adj, adv, n (pronc) • esp Sth, Midl

      backy n1 • ?Sth

      bacon n B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bad adj B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bad adj B7 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      bad adj B8 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      bad adv 2 • appar Sth, Midl

      bad child n • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      bad man n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bad off adj phr 2 • widespread, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bad off adj phr 3b • Sth

      bad pay n • Sth, S Midl

      bad place n • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      bad sick adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl, but esp Inland Sth (MAP)

      bagging (sack) n • Sth

      bait n 1d • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bait n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      bait n 3 • chiefly Sth

      baitworm n • chiefly Midl, Sth

      balcony n (pronc) • Sth

      baldface n 3 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      ball n1 3 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      ball v1 • Sth

      balm n (pronc) • Sth, Midl

      bandy-shanked adj • prob Sth, S Midl

      banjo n (pronc) • Sth, Midl

      bank n1 1 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      bank v 2 • chiefly Sth

      banter n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      banter v 2 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      Baptist n (pronc) • esp Sth, Midl

      Baptist pallet n • chiefly Sth

      bar n3 • Sth, esp sLA and other Fr settlement areas

      bar n4 • chiefly Sth, Midl, nNY

      barlow knife n • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      barn lot n • chiefly Midl, Sth (MAP and Map Section)

      bar off v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      barrel n B1 • chiefly Midl, Sth

      base n B2 • widespread, but esp Sth, Midl, West (MAP)

      basing n • Sth

      basket dinner n • chiefly Midl, occas Sth

      basket meeting n • Sth, S Midl

      bastard oak n 1 • chiefly Sth

      bat v2 1 • widespread, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      bath v • ?chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bathcloth n • Sth

      battercake n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      battle v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      battling stick n • Sth, S Midl

      bayou n (pronc) • esp Sth, Midl

      be v A1 (pronc) • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      be v B1a(1) • chiefly NEast, Sth

      be v B1a(3) • esp Sth

      be v B1c • esp NEng & settlement areas; also Sth

      be v B1f • esp freq among Blacks; occas among Whites in the Sth

      be v B1g • chiefly Sth

      be v B3a • chiefly Sth

      be v B3b • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      be v B3c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      be v B5a • esp Midl, Sth

      be v B5b • chiefly Midl, Sth

      be v B6 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      be v C2a (pronc) • ?chiefly Sth, Midl

      be v C2b (pronc) • chiefly NEng, NY, nPA; also Sth, esp eVA, eNC

      bead tree n • Sth

      beans, not to know v phr c • esp Sth, S Midl

      bear n1 A (pronc) • chiefly Sth, Midl

      bear n1 B • ?chiefly Sth, Midl

      bear v 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      beast n B1 • Sth, S Midl, NEng

      beast n B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      beat bobtail v phr • ?Sth

      beaten biscuit n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp KY, MD, VA (MAP)

      beatenest adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      beater n 2 • chiefly Sth

      beaucoup adj, n, adv • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      beau dollar n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      beautyberry n • chiefly Sth

      because conj (pronc) • in Sth, S Midl

      bed n (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      bed n A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bed n B1 • Sth, S Midl

      bed v 2 • chiefly Sth

      bedroom shoe n • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl (MAP)

      bedstead n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bee gum n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bee martin n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *beet tops n pl • widespread, but least freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      before-day n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      beg v (pronc) • chiefly in Sth

      begin v A1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      begin v A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      behind prep • chiefly Sth

      behind prep B2 • chiefly Sth

      behind a dime adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Mid Atl (MAP)

      beholden adj • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      being conj • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      belike adv • ?Sth

      bell cow n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      bellows n, v (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl

      bell pepper n • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, West (MAP)

      bellyband n • Sth

      belly-buster n, adv 2 • chiefly Sth, W Midl, Cent (MAP and Map Section)

      belly washer n 1 • ?Sth, S Midl

      belong v B • Sth, S Midl

      bench-legged adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      benne n • Sth, esp SC

      betsy bug n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp AR, KY

      betwixt prep • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      beyond prep, adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      B from (a) bull’s foot, not to know v phr • now chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      biddable adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      biddy n3 • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl

      bid whist n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      biff n1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      biff v • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      big adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      big v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      big daddy n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      big day n • Sth

      big dog n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp SC (MAP and Map Section)

      big-eye adj 1 • Sth

      biggity adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      big hominy n • Sth, S Midl

      big house n 1 • chiefly Sth

      big Ike n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      big mamma n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      big meeting n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      big road n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      big time n • widespread, but esp Sth, S Midl

      bill n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      billfolder n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

bimeby adv • [..prob reinforced in Sth by slave use since it was widespread in pidgin and creole English of 17th
cent and after]

      bird n A1 (pronc) • esp coastal Sth, NYC, eNEng

      bird n A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bird n B1 • chiefly Sth

      bird n B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      birth v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      birthing vbl n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      biscuit n A • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      biscuit n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      biscuit-eater n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      biscuits n • Sth

      -bit suff • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bite v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bitter adj 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bitterweed n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, TX (MAP)

      bitterweed milk n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      black-and-tan n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blackberry storm n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blackberry winter n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      black bottle n • widespread, but esp Sth

      black-bottom pie n • chiefly Sth

      black curlew n • prob chiefly Sth

      black dark n • prob Sth, S Midl

      black Dutch n • esp common Sth, S Midl

      black-eyed pea n • widespread, but esp freq in Sth, Midl

      black-eyed Susie n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      black frost n 2 • chiefly Sth

      black gum n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      black haw n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      black iron n • chiefly Sth

      blackjack n 5 • chiefly Sth

      blackjack oak n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      black man n 1 • esp common Sth, S Midl

      black racer n 1 • chiefly Sth (Map Section)

      blacktongue n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      blade n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blare v 4 • chiefly Sth

      blared ppl adj • chiefly Sth

      blare-eyed ppl adj • chiefly Sth

      blast n 4 • chiefly Nth, N Midl, West, scattered Sth (MAP)

      blate n, v A1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      blate n, v A2 • chiefly Sth (MAP and Map Section)

      blate v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blaze-face n 1 • chiefly Sth, W Midl

      bleed v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bless out v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blind n 1 • chiefly Sth, NEast (MAP)

      *blind n 2 • widespread, but least freq NEast, Sth (MAP)

      blind bridle n • scattered, but esp common Sth, S Midl

      blindfold n • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      blindman’s buff n c • chiefly Sth, Midl

      blind tiger n 1 • chiefly Sth, W Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      blip n, intj • prob Sth, S Midl

      blizzard n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      block and tickle n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blood boil n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blood kin n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bloodshotten adj • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      bloodweed n • chiefly Sth, esp TX

      bloodybones n • Sth

      bloom n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blouse n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      blow n2 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blow v1 A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, and scattered Nth (MAP)

      blow fire (out) v phr • Sth, S Midl

      blubber n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blubber v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blue adj 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blue bean n • Sth

      blue blazes n a • chiefly Sth, esp SC

      blue catfish n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      blue crane n 1 • chiefly Sth

      blue darter n 2 • chiefly Sth

      blue eye n • chiefly Sth

      blue gum n1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blue-gummed adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blue hen’s chicken n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blue john n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blue martin n • esp Sth, Missip Valley

      blue Peter n 1 • chiefly Sth, esp FL

      bluetick n • Sth, Midl

      bluff n1 a • chiefly Sth

      boar n attrib • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      board n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bobble n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bobtailed flush n • scattered, but more common Sth and West

      bodacious adj, adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bodaciously adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      body waist n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bofe adj, pron • chiefly Sth

      bog the shadow of a buzzard v phr • Sth

      bogue v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      boguish adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bohunkus n 1 • chiefly Sth, esp TX

      boil adj • chiefly Sth, NEng

      boil n1, v (pronc) • Sth, Midl, NEng

      boiled custard n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      boiler n1 1 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      boiling n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      boiling water n • chiefly Sth

      bollworm n • Sth

      bone felon n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      booger n1 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      booger n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      booger v1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW

      boogerbear n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      boogerman n 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      boogerman n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bookity-book adv, n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      books n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      boot n1 1a • scattered, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      bootlick n • now chiefly Sth

      bootlick v • chiefly Sth

      boresome adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      born v tr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      born days n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      borning vbl n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      borrow v A1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl and NEng, esp ME

      bosh n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast (MAP)

      boss, get oneself a v phr • chiefly Sth, sMissip-Ohio Valleys (MAP)

      boss-man n 1 • chiefly Sth, sAppalachians (MAP)

      bottled drink n • chiefly Sth, esp NC

      bottom n 1a • chiefly Sth, W Midl (MAP)

      bottom n 2 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      bottom n 8 • Sth, S Midl

      bottomland n • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      bound v 1 • chiefly Sth

      box n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      box n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      box v2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      box-ankled adj • chiefly Sth

      boxing n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      boy n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brag adj • chiefly Sth, Midl

      brake n2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX

      brake n4 • Sth

      branch n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      branch water n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bray n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bread n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      break n1 5 • esp Sth, S Midl

      break v B7 • chiefly Sth

      breakdown n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      break it off in v phr • Sth, S Midl

      break off v phr • chiefly Sth

      break one’s leg v phr • chiefly Sth

      break one’s neck v phr • esp Sth

      bream n (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl

      bream n B3 • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *breastbone n • scattered, but least freq in Nth and Sth

      breath harp n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brickle adj 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      brierberry n • Sth

      brier hook n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bright adj 2 • Sth

      bring v A (pronc) • in Sth, S Midl

      bring v C4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brinjer n • Sth

      britches n pl 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      britches n pl 2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      britches n pl 2c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      britches n pl 3 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      brogan n 1 • widespread, but esp common in Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      broiler house n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      broken vein n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *broody n • widespread, but least freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      broom sage broom n • chiefly Sth

      broom sedge n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      broomstraw n • chiefly Sth

      brother n A1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      brother n A2 • orig among Southern Blacks

      brother n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bruise v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Brunswick stew n • chiefly Sth, esp VA, NC, GA (MAP)

      brush n B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brush n, v1 A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brush v2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brush arbor n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      brush broom n1 • Sth, S Midl

      bubba n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bubblegum machine n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *buck n1 1a • widespread, but infreq in Sth (MAP)

      buck n1 1c • chiefly Sth, Midl

      buck n1 1e • chiefly Sth

      buck n1 2a • chiefly Midl, Sth

      buck n1 2c • chiefly Midl, Sth

      buck-and-wing n • widely known, but used esp Sth, S Midl

      *buckboard n 1 • widespread, but less freq in Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bucket n 1 • formerly chiefly Sth and Midl, now more widespread

      bucket n 2a • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      buckeye n 9 • esp Sth, Inland Nth

      buck-eyed adj2 • chiefly Sth, Midl (Map Section)

      bud n2 1a • widespread, but esp common in Sth, S Midl

      buddy n 1a • widespread, but chiefly Midl, Sth

      buddy v • chiefly W Midl, Sth

      buffet n A2 (pronc) • esp Sth

      bug n1 8 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bug n1 14c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bug n1 14e • W Midl, Sth

      bug v 1 • chiefly Sth

      bugaboo n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      bugger n1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bughouse n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bulge n, v (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl

      bull n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      bullace n 2 • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl

      bull bay n • chiefly Sth

      bullfrogs, rain v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bullgrass n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bullnose pepper n • chiefly NEast, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bull of the woods n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, Pacific (MAP)

      bull tongue n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bumblebee adj • Sth, S Midl

      bumfuzzle v • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bump n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bunch bean n • esp Sth, Midl (MAP)

      bundle n, v1 (pronc) • in Sth, S Midl

      burrhead n1 1 • scattered, but esp Sth

      burying n • Sth, S Midl

      bush arbor n • Sth

      bush ax n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Mid Atl (MAP)

      bush baby n • Sth

      bush hog n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bush hog v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bush hook n • chiefly Sth, NEast (MAP)

      bushpea n • esp Sth

      bust v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      busthead n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      butter bean n 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      butter pea n • Sth, Midl

      buzzard lope n • chiefly Sth

      buzzard roost n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp SC, TX (MAP)

      buzzard-wing sweep n • Sth, S Midl

      by prep 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cabbage n B2 • chiefly NEast, Sth (MAP)

      cabbage pea n • Sth

      cackle v • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cafe n • chiefly West, Sth (MAP)

      calaboose n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, West (MAP)

      calf-eyes n • prob Sth, S Midl

      call v 12 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      call hogs v phr • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      calm n, adj, v (pronc) • esp in Sth, Midl, infreq in NEng

      camel walk n • chiefly Sth

      camp meeting n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      can v1 1b (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl

      candle n A (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl

      candle fly n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      candy pulling n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast, CA (MAP)

      canebrake rattler n • Sth

      canecutter n • Sth

      can’t see n • chiefly Sth

      cap n1 2a • chiefly S Midl, Sth (MAP and Map Section)

      cap n1 5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cap v 4 • Sth, S Midl

      Cape jasmine n • Sth

      captain n B2 • Sth, S Midl

      carbox n • Sth

      carcass n • perh esp Sth, S Midl

      car house n • Sth, S Midl

      carpet, on the adj phr • Sth, S Midl, esp NC, TX, AR (MAP)

      carry v (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      carry v B1 • formerly freq in NEng; now chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      carry v B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      carry v B4 • chiefly Sth

      car shed n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cash money n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cat n 3c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cat n 8 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *catalpa n • widespread, but least freq in Sth

      catamount n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast

      catawampus adv 2 • chiefly Midl, Sth

      catawampus n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      catawba n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, OH, IN (MAP)

      catch v B9 • Sth, S Midl

      catch v B10 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      catch ’im v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      catch-pain n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      catercorner adj A1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cathead n • Sth, S Midl

      cattle gap n • chiefly Sth

      cave-in n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cavort v • orig chiefly Sth, S Midl, now widespread

      cease v1 (pronc) • Sth

      cease v1 B • chiefly Sth, Ozarks (MAP)

      cease v2 • chiefly Sth

      cedar pencil n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cedar pine n 1 • chiefly Sth

      cement n, v, adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cent n (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      cent n b • chiefly Sth

      certain adj, adv (pronc) • esp NEast, Sth, S Midl

      certain adv B2 • chiefly Sth

      chair n (pronc) • Sth and S Midl, scattered in PA, NEng

      chairbacker n • Sth, S Midl

      chamber lye n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      chance n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      change v1 • chiefly Sth, sAppalachians (MAP)

      channel bass n • chiefly Sth

      chap n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *Charley horse n • widespread, but least freq NEast and Sth

      chartered adj • Sth, S Midl

      check n1 3 • Sth, S Midl

      check out v phr 2 • chiefly Sth

      cheese-eater n • chiefly Sth

      Cherokee rose n • Sth

      chess pie n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chew one’s bit(s) v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chew one’s tobacco v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chickamy chickamy craney crow n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chicken corn n 1 • Sth

      chicken-eater n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chicken snake n 1 • chiefly Sth, Missip Valley, TX, OK (MAP)

      chickie n 1 • widespread, but esp freq in Midl and Sth (MAP)

      chickoo intj • Sth, S Midl

      chifforobe n • scattered, but esp freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      child n A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      child n A2 (pronc) • chiefly nNEng, Sth, S Midl

      child n A2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      child n A2 (pronc) • esp Sth

      child n A3 • Sth, S Midl

      chill bumps n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      chill tonic n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chimney n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, Midl, occas NEng

      chimney n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chimney sweep n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *chimney swift n • widespread exc West, Sth (MAP)

      china n (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      chinch n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      chinchy adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      chink v • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      chinquapin n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      chippy n2 3 • formerly East, Sth; now chiefly Inland Nth and West (MAP)

      chittamwood n 2 • chiefly Sth, SW

      chittamwood n 3 • chiefly Sth, SW

      chitterling bread n • Sth

      chitterlings n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chocolate drop n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      cholera n (pronc) • esp in Sth

      chook intj • chiefly eNEng, Sth

      choose v B • chiefly NEng, Sth

      chop n1 1 • now chiefly Sth, Midl

      chop v B1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      chounse v 1 • Sth, Midl

      Christian n • Sth

      Christmas n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Christmas n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      Christmas Eve n • ?chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Christmas gift exclam • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      Christmas tree n 3 • chiefly Sth, nNEng, also S Midl (MAP)

      chuck-a-luck n • esp West, Sth

      chuck-will’s-widow n • chiefly Sth

      chufa n • chiefly Sth

      chug v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chunk-floater n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      church house n • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      circumstance n B2 • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      civil adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      civilize v 1 • Sth

      clabber n1 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl and West (MAP and Map Section)

      clabber cheese n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      clap in, clap out n • esp Sth, S Midl, NEng

      claybank adj • formerly more widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      clay pea n • Sth

      clear n, v, adv, adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      clearstone n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      clever adj 3 • formerly NEng, now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      climb v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      climb v 2d • chiefly Sth

      clod buster n 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      clodknocker n • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl

      coat n 1 • Sth

      coat n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      cobbler n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      coca-cola n A (pronc) • Sth

      coca-cola n B • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW

      cock n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      coco grass n • chiefly Sth, esp LA, MS

      coffin tack n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      coil v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cold bumps n pl • chiefly Sth

      cold drink n • chiefly Sth, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      collard n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      colonel n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      colored n • chiefly Sth

      comb n B2 • chiefly Midl, occas Sth (MAP)

      come v A5b • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      come back (again) v phr • chiefly Midl, scattered Sth

      come by v phr 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      come-by-chance n • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl

      come easy, go easy adj phr • chiefly Sth

      come-off n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      come sick v phr • Sth, S Midl

      come through v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      come up v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      come up v phr 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      comfort n 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      *comforter n 1 • widespread, but least freq in Sth (MAP)

      comical adj • ?Sth

      commode n 4a • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      company room n • Sth, S Midl

      Confederate violet n • chiefly Sth

      congealed salad n • chiefly Sth

      congo n1 1 • chiefly Sth

      congo n1 3 • Sth

      conjure n • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl

      conjure bag n • chiefly Sth

      cookie n1 2 • Sth, S Midl

      cookroom n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cookshop n 1 • chiefly Sth

      cooling board n • Sth, Midl

      cooling room n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      coon n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      coon v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      coon v 2 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      cooncan n • esp Sth, SW

      coon dog n1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      coop n1 (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      Cooter Brown, drunk as adj phr • chiefly Sth

      cope v2 • chiefly Midl, scattered Sth (MAP)

      copperas n attrib • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      copperhead snake n 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      corn beer n • chiefly Sth

      corn bin n • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      corn bread n 1 • esp Sth

      corn cake n • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      corn crow n • Sth

      corn dodger n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      corn dumpling n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      corner n1 • esp in Sth, S Midl

      cornfield bean n • chiefly Sth

      cornfield negro n • Sth

      cornfield pea n • Sth, S Midl

      cornfield school n • Sth

      corn light bread n • Sth, S Midl

      corn patty n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      corn pone n 1 • orig chiefly Sth, Midl, now widespread exc NEng

      corn shucking n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      corn song n • chiefly Sth

      corporosity n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      corruption n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cotton n 4 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      cotton box n • Sth

      cottonhead n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      cotton house n • Sth

      cotton-picking adv • esp Sth, SW

      cottonweed n 5 • Sth

      counterpin n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      country adj • chiefly Sth, Atlantic (MAP)

      cover n, v (pronc) • Sth, Midl, occas NEng

      cow lot n • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      cowpea n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      cow’s tail n 2 • esp Midl, Sth

      cow tick n 1 • Sth

      crab-apple switch n • Sth, S Midl, esp MS

      crackling n 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      crackling bread n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      crackloo n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crack of day n • chiefly Sth

      cramp-colic n • scattered Sth, S Midl

      crank-sided adj • chiefly Sth

      crawfish adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crawfish n A • widespread, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      crawfish v 2 • chiefly Sth, W Midl, Pacific NW (MAP)

      crawl v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *crazy bone n • widespread, but least freq in Sth, NYC (MAP)

      cream gravy n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      creature n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl, and NEng

      credit n B • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      creep v A • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      creep v B2 • chiefly Sth, scattered Midl (MAP)

      creep v B3 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      cringe v, n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      crip n, adj • prob chiefly Sth

      cripple n2 • Sth, esp SC

      crook nose n • prob chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crop n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crop n B1 • prob chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      cropper n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      cross v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crossways adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crowder n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crow to pick, have a v phr • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      cuckleburr n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      cud n (pronc) • Sth, Midl

      cuffy n • chiefly Sth

      cur dog n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cure n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cure out v phr • Sth, S Midl

      curiosity n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      curious adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      curious adj B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      curioussome adj • chiefly Sth

      curl n, v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      cush n1 • chiefly Sth

      cushaw n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cuss-fight n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cut n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cut v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cut a rusty v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cut-bait n • chiefly Sth

      cutoff n 1 • chiefly Sth

      cut off v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cut on v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cut one’s comb v phr • chiefly Sth, NEng

      cut one’s eyes v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cymling n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cymling-head n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dad n2 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      daddy n 1 • widespread, but somewhat more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      daddy n 5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dairy house n • esp Sth, S Midl

      dam-buster n • esp Sth, S Midl

      damn Yankee n • chiefly Sth

      dasheen n • esp Sth

      *davenport n • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl, N Atl (MAP)

      day and time n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dead adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      dead adj B1 • Sth, S Midl

      dead adj B3 • Sth, S Midl

      deadbeat v • esp Sth, S Midl

      dead cat on the line n • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dead lice are falling off, like adv phr • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      deadline n • Sth, S Midl

      death n (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      declare v • Sth, S Midl

      deedie n • Sth, S Midl

      deep-water Baptist n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      delicate adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      den n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      den v • esp Sth, S Midl

      despise v • Sth, S Midl

      dest n • esp Sth, S Midl

      devil n • chiefly Sth

      devil n B2 • formerly more widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      devil n B4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      devil v 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      devilish adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      devilment n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      devil’s footstool n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      devil’s horse n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      devil’s horse n 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      devil’s shoestring n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      devil’s-snuffbox n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dew n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      dew n (pronc) • Sth

      dewberry n • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      didapper n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      diddle v 3 • esp Sth, S Midl

      dido n 1 • widespread, but esp NEng, Sth, S Midl

      differ n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      differ v • Sth, S Midl

      diggings n pl • scattered, but esp freq Sth, S Midl

      dike v • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dinner on the ground(s) n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dinner pot n • esp Sth, S Midl

      dip n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dip v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dipper n 6 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dipping stick n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      directly adv, conj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      directly adv B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dirk n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dirt v 1 • chiefly Sth

      dirt dauber n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      dirt-eater n 1 • chiefly Sth

      disfurnish v 1 • S Midl, Sth

      dish n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dish-face n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dish-faced adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dishrag n 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      disremember v • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dive v 1 • Sth, S Midl, nNEng

      dive v 2 • Sth, S Midl

      do n1 5a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      do v B1 • chiefly Sth

      do v B2 • chiefly Sth

      do v B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Mid and S Atl

      do v B6 • esp Sth, S Midl

      do v C5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      do v D2 • Sth, S Midl

      do around v phr • Sth, S Midl

      doctor v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      doctor woman n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      dodge v 1 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      dodger n1 1 • Sth, S Midl

      dog n1 B7 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dog n1 B17a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dog n1 B17d • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dog v 6 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dogbread n • Sth, S Midl

      dog drunk adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dog fennel n 1 • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      dog fennel n 4 • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      dog finger n • Sth

      doggery n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dog iron n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dog my cats intj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dog run n • chiefly S Midl, occas Sth

      dog’s bait n • Sth, S Midl

      dog’s foot, the intj • esp Sth

      dog tick n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dogtrot n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      doing n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      doing n 2 • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl

      doll baby n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      doll rags n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      domestic n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      done adv • Sth, S Midl

      doodlebug n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      doodl(e)y squat n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      doogaloo n • Sth

      dooley n 1 • chiefly Sth

      door n (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      dose n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dote v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      doty adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      double-back-action adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      double cabin n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      double-dog dare v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      double-jointed adj 1 • S Midl, Sth

      double-pen(ned) adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      double shuffle n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, orig also NEng

      double-team v 2 • chiefly Sth

      double tenant n • chiefly Sth

      double-u n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      doughface n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *doughnut hole n • scattered, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      down n2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      down-and-out adj 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      down-and-out adj 3 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      down the country, give one v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      drag v B5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      drag harrow n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dragon n B1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      drain v, n1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      draw n 1a • chiefly Nth, Sth (MAP)

      draw v B1 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      draw v B2 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      draw v C2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      draw v C3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      draw v C4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      draw v C7 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      dream v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      drink n B • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      drink box n • chiefly Sth

      drive n 8 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      drive v B2 • now esp Sth, S Midl

      drive one’s ducks to a poor market v phr • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      driver n 2 • chiefly Sth

      driver n 3 • chiefly Sth

      droll adj 1 • Sth, S Midl

      drop n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      drop v D1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      drop one’s candy v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      drop shed n • esp Sth

      dropsy n1 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      *drought n A3 (pronc) • scattered, but less freq Sth, S Midl

      drummer n 6 • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dry adj 1 • chiefly Sth

      dry drizzle n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dry fly n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dry grin n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      drying cloth n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dry-land turtle n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, Cent, SW (MAP and Map Section)

      dry so adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dry so adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dubious adj A2 • Sth, S Midl

      dubious adj A3 • chiefly S Midl, also NEng, Sth

      duck acorn n • chiefly Sth

      duck fit n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      *dud n 1 • scattered, but less freq Sth (MAP)

      due adj, n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dull adj 3b • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dumb chill n • chiefly Sth

      dummy n 1 • esp Sth

      durn v, intj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dusk dark n • chiefly Sth (MAP and Map Section)

      dust n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *Dutch adj 1 • scattered, but less freq Sth, NEast

      *Dutchman n 1 • widespread exc Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      Dutch whippoorwill n • chiefly Sth

      d.w.i. n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      dying adj, adv • esp Sth

      earbob n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      earmark n • formerly more widespread, now chiefly Sth, Midl, West (MAP)

      ear slit n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      earth n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      earthworm n • widespread exc Rocky Mts, Upper MW; esp freq Sth (MAP)

      ease v 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      east n2 • widespread, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      east n2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Easter lily n 3 • Sth

      easy adj 3 • Sth, S Midl

      eat v A2a (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      eat v A2b (pronc) • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl, N Atl (MAP)

      eat v A3a (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      eat v A3b (pronc) • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl, N Atl (MAP)

      eat v B2 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      eat v B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      eating joint n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      -ed suff 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -ed suff 3 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -ed suff 5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      edge n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, Midl, eNEng

      eel n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      egg n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast

      egg v1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      egg bread n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp GA (MAP)

      egg custard (pie) n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp MS (MAP)

      egg-sucker n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      egg turner n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      either conj E1 • chiefly Sth

      element n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      eleven adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ellenyard n • Sth, S Midl

      elm n (pronc) • widespread but somewhat more freq Sth, S Midl

      end n, v A1 • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      end of nowhere(s) n • appar Sth, Midl

      end of one’s row n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, exc Mid Atl

      enduring adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      enduring prep • Sth, S Midl

      entitle n • Sth

      entrails n pl (pronc) • chiefly Sth, Midl

      equal n, v, adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      er- • chiefly Sth

      -er affix 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -es suff1 1b • Sth, S Midl

      -es suff1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -est superl suff • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      even adj, adv, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      evening n B • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      event n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ever adj • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp TX (MAP)

      ever adv (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ever adv B • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      ever adv C1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      every adj • chiefly Sth

      ewe n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      exactly adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      except(ing) conj B • Sth, S Midl

      excusing prep • chiefly Sth

      expect v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      extra adj B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      exwice n, v • Sth

      eye n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      eyes n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      facecloth n • chiefly NEast, Sth

      faintified adj • chiefly Sth

      fainty adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fair off v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fall off v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fall out v phr 1 • scattered, but esp Sth

      fall out v phr 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      family n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fantastic n • chiefly NEast, Sth

      far adv, adj1 B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      far adv, adj1 B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      far adv, adj1 B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      farkleberry n • chiefly Sth

      farm-to-market road n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, Cent (MAP)

      far piece n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, N Cent (MAP)

      farrowing house n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fat adj2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fatback n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl; also NEast (MAP)

      father n B3 • chiefly Sth

      fat meat n • chiefly Midl; also Sth (MAP)

      fat pine n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      favor n B1 • Sth, S Midl

      favor v C1 • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      feather bells n • Sth

      feather-legged adj • Sth, S Midl

      feature v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, ME

      feeding time n • widespread, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      feel of v phr • chiefly S Midl, Sth (MAP)

      feist n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fence n, v (pronc) • esp eNEng, Sth

      fence n, v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      fertilize n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fessor n • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      few, a adj phr • Sth, S Midl

      F.F.V. n • chiefly Sth, esp VA

      fiddle, fine as a adj phr • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fidget n 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      field n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      field lark n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      field pea n • Sth, S Midl

      field road n • chiefly Sth

      figeater n • Sth, esp SC

      fight v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      fight a circular saw v phr • Sth, S Midl

      fighting adj 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fighting adv • scattered, but chiefly Sth, Midl

      filling n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      filling n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      find v B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      finder n • chiefly Sth

      finger n B1c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      finish n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      fire n B2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fire and tow n • chiefly NEng, S Midl, Sth

      firebox n 1a • esp Sth, S Midl

      *firefly n 1 • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fire hearth n • chiefly Sth

      fire-hunt v • chiefly Sth, Midl

      first adj, adv (pronc) • NYC, scattered Sth

      first dark n • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl

      first light n • Sth

      first shot n • Sth, S Midl

      fish n, v, adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fish bait n 1 • chiefly Midl, Sth

      fish camp n 3 • Sth (MAP)

      fisherman’s luck n • scattered, but more freq Sth, Midl

      fish fry n • scattered Missip-Ohio Valleys, Sth, S Midl

      fist n1 B1 • chiefly Sth

      fist and skull adj phr, adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Fist City n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fitified adj • chiefly Midl; also Sth

      fitten adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fix v B1c • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fix v B1e • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl, N Cent (MAP)

      fizzle n 1 • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fizzle v • Sth

      flag lily n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      flambeau n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      flannen n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      flat-break v • Sth

      flat-footed adv • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      flatform n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      flat-out adv • chiefly Sth, Midl

      flatwoods n pl 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      flesh crawl, make one’s v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fleshen up v phr • Sth, S Midl

      *flighty adj 1 • widespread exc Sth (MAP)

      flinch v1 (pronc) • Sth

      flinders n pl • chiefly NEng, S Midl, Sth

      flip n1 1 • Midl, Sth, esp AL

      flip n1 2 • chiefly Sth

      flip n1 4 • chiefly Sth

      flirt v 1 • Sth, S Midl

      flitter n1 5 • Sth, S Midl

      float n 3 • esp Sth

      float road n • Sth

      floor n (pronc) • Sth

      Florida n (pronc) • esp Sth

      Florida flip n • Sth

      flour bread n 1 • now chiefly Sth (MAP)

      flour bread n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      flour gravy n • now esp Sth, S Midl

      flowering straw n 2 • Sth

      flugens n • chiefly Sth

      flunky n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      fluttermill n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      flyflap n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      flying jenny n 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      flyswat n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fly up v phr 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fly-up-the-creek n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      fodder n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fodder-pulling vbl n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fodder stack n • Sth, S Midl

      folk n B2 • Sth, S Midl

      fool adj • formerly widespread, now esp Sth, S Midl

      foolish adj 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      foolishment n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      foot intj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      foot n C5a • Sth, S Midl

      foot n C5b • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      foot n C5f • esp Sth

      foot evil n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      footkisser n • Sth

      footlog n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      foot tub n • chiefly Sth

      foot-washing Baptist n • Sth, S Midl

      for prep B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      for prep B4a(2) • Sth

      fore prep 2 • chiefly Sth

      forehead n (pronc) • esp NEng, NYC, Sth, S Midl

      forest n (pronc) • esp NYC, Sth

      fork n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      form n • appar chiefly Sth

      *forty winks n pl • scattered, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      foundation n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      four adj, n (pronc) • Sth

      *four-flusher n • scattered exc Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fox across the river n • Sth

      fox fire n 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fractious adj 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      frail v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      frame n 1 • chiefly Sth

      frame n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      franzy adj 1 • Sth, S Midl

      franzy n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      frazzle n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      frazzle v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      frazzled (out) ppl adj 1 • chiefly Sth

      frazzled (out) ppl adj 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      frazzling adj • Sth, S Midl

      frazzling n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      freak n 3 • esp Sth, S Midl

      freehearted adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast (MAP)

      *freestone n 2 • widespread, but least freq Sth (MAP)

      freeze v A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      freeze v A3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      freeze v A4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fresh n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fresh n 4 • chiefly Sth

      fret v • chiefly Sth

      fried bread n 3 • chiefly Sth

      fried corn-bread n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      fried pie n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng (MAP)

      fringe tree n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fritter n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast (MAP)

      fritter n 2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      frog n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      frog n B3 • esp Sth, S Midl

      frog hair n 2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      frogskin n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      frogs, rain v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      frogsticker (knife) n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      frogstool n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      frog-strangler n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      from prep • chiefly Sth

      fry n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      frying size adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      full v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      full of oneself adj phr • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      fun v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      funeral n (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      funeralize v • Sth, S Midl

      funky adj 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      funky chicken n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      funnel v • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fur n2 • Sth, S Midl

      fuss n B2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      fuss n B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fuss v C3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fuss v C4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      gabblement n • Sth

      gal boy n 2 • Sth

      gald v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      gall n2 2 • Sth, S Midl, esp VA

      gallant v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      gallberry n • chiefly Sth

      gallinipper n 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp S Atl (MAP)

      gall shirt n • Sth

      gambling stick n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      gander pulling n • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      gap n1 2 • now chiefly S Midl, Sth

      garb n1, v (pronc) • esp S Midl, Sth

      garbroth n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      garden n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      gator bait n • chiefly Sth

      gaum n1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, but also NEng

      gear n 1 • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      gear v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      gear house n • esp Sth, S Midl

      gee v2 b • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      gee-haw v 2 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      gee whiz n • chiefly Sth

      general adj, n (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      generally adv (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      genuine adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, SW

      Georgia n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      Georgia buggy n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      Georgia skin (game) n • chiefly Sth

      get about v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      get away with v phr 2 • S Midl, Sth

      get behind v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp S Atl (MAP)

      get down v phr 1a • esp Sth, S Midl

      get fair v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      get gone v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      get oneself a cook v phr • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      get religion v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      get up v phr 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      get up v phr 5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      gin conj2 • Sth, S Midl

      ginger cake n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      girl n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      girt n • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      give v A1c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      give v A3b • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      give v B2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      given out adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      give out v phr • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      glass snake n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      glue n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast (MAP)

      glut n2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      glutton n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      gnat’s eyebrow n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West (MAP and Map Section)

      go v A4a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      go v A4b • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      go v B • chiefly Sth

      go v C1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      go v C2 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      go v C6 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      go v C7 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      go by v phr 1 • Sth

      golden slipper n 1 • esp Sth

      gonnies n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      good fashion adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      good god n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      good old boy n • chiefly Sth

      goody n 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      goofer n • chiefly Sth

      goofer v • Sth

      google n • esp Sth, S Midl

      goop v1 • esp S Midl, Sth

      goose n B4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *goose pimples n pl • widespread, but somewhat less freq Sth (MAP)

      goosey adj 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      goozle n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      go to the bad v phr • esp Sth

      gouge v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      gourd n 3 • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      gourd martin n • Sth

      gourdseed corn n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      gown n • esp NEng, Sth

      grab v • esp Sth, S Midl

      grabble v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      grabble v 2 • Sth, S Midl

      grader ditch n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      grandboy n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      granddaddy n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      granddaddy n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      grandma n A1 • chiefly Sth, Midl, West (MAP)

      grandma n A3 • chiefly Midl; also Sth, West (MAP)

      grandma n A5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      grandma n A10 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      grandpa n A1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      grandpa n A3 • chiefly Midl; also Sth, West (MAP)

      granny n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      granny n 7 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      granny v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      granny woman n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      grass n 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      grass blade n • esp Sth, S Midl

      grassnut n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      gravel v1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      grease v A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, Midl

      greasy adj A2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      great adj, adv, n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      great day (in the morning) exclam • widespread, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      great northern bean n • scattered, but esp Sth, Midl

      *green bean n • widespread, but less freq NEng, Sth (MAP and Map Section)

      green fly n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      green hand n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      greenhead n 4a(1) • esp Sth, West

      green lizard n 1 • Sth

      green snake n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng (MAP)

      green trout n • chiefly Sth

      grind rock n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      gritchel n • Sth, S Midl

      grits n pl 1b • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      gritsmill n • Sth

      groundhog case n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ground itch n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      groundnut n B2 • chiefly Sth

      ground puppy n 1b • chiefly Sth

      ground squirrel n a • chiefly Midl, Sth

      grow v 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      grow v 2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      growing moon n • esp Sth, S Midl

      grow off v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Guinea n2 • esp Sth

      guitar n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Appalachians

      gully dirt n • Sth, S Midl

      gum v3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      gumbo n 6b • chiefly west of Missip R, Sth

      gumption n 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      gush n B4 • scattered, but esp Sth, TX (MAP)

      guy v • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      gyp n1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hack v1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hacked ppl adj1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hagberry n • esp Sth, S Midl

      hain’t v • chiefly NEast, Sth, S Midl, esp Appalachians

      hair n C2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      half n, v, adj, adv (pronc) • widespread Sth

      halfance n • Sth

      half hand n 2 • Sth

      half in two adv phr, adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      half-leg deep adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      half-strainer n • Sth

      halvers n pl • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      hammer mill n • esp Sth

      hamper n 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hand n B1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      hand n B4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      handle n B3 • now esp Sth, S Midl

      hand running adv phr 1 • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      handwrite n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *hangman n • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      happen-so n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      happy adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hard down adj phr • Sth, S Midl

      hard down adv phr • chiefly Sth

      hard-favored adj • Sth, S Midl

      hardly adv A1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hard peach n • chiefly Sth

      hard pine n 1 • Sth

      hard-shell adj 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hardtail n 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      harp n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hash n 1 • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      haslet n • formerly more widespread, now esp Sth (MAP)

      hateful adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      haul ass v phr 1 • chiefly Sth

      haunt n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      haunt n B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      haunty adj • Sth, S Midl

      have v2 • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      have off v phr1 • Sth, S Midl

      hawkbill n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hay frame n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hayrack n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      head n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      head n B1 • scattered, but esp Midl, Sth

      head n B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      head n B4 • esp Sth, S Midl

      head n C1c • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      headcloth n • esp Sth; also Ger settlement areas

      head handkerchief n • chiefly Sth

      heading n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      headlock n • esp Sth

      headmark n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      head rag n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      heap n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      heap n 3a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      heap row n • esp Sth

      hear v A1a (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hear v A2b (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hear v A2c (pronc) • Sth, S Midl, esp Appalachians

      hear v B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hearse n B1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      heart n1 B1c • esp Sth

      hear tell v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hearth n A2 (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      hearth n A4 (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      hearth broom n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      heartleaf n 3 • Sth

      heat n • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      heat v A2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      heaven n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hellcat n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hellfire n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      help n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      help v A1a (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      help v A1b (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      help v A2a (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      help v A2b (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      help v A2d (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      help v A3a (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      help v A3b (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      help v B1 • Sth, S Midl

      hem v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hen n1 A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      herb n, v A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      herb n, v A2 (pronc) • now chiefly Sth, S Midl, formerly also NEng

      here adv, adj, exclam, pron A2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      here adv, adj, exclam, pron A3 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      here adv, adj, exclam, pron A5 (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      here adj, pron C • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hern pron • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      hessian n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      hey exclam 1 • chiefly Sth, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      hickey n2 b • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      *hickey n2 c • widespread exc Sth (MAP)

      hickory n B2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hickory n B2c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hickory shad n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hide-and-seek n A • Sth, S Midl

      high adj (pronc) • esp Sth

      high adj B4b(2) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      high adj B5b • scattered, but esp freq Sth, S Midl

      *high beam n 2 • widespread, but less freq Sth, W Midl (MAP)

      high blood n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      high-brown adj • chiefly Sth

      high cotton n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX

      high-minded adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      high sheriff n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      high-tempered adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hill n 1a • chiefly Sth

      hill n 2 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      hillside n attrib • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      him pron B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      him pron B4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hinder v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      hind-part-before adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      *hindside-before adv • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      hippen n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hip-slip n • esp Sth

      hisn pron • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      hisself pron • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hissy n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hit v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hit a lick v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      hitchrein n • esp Sth, S Midl

      hit the grit v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hoe n1 2 • Sth, S Midl

      hoecake n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hoe hand n • Sth, S Midl

      hog n B3a • Sth, S Midl

      hog n B4 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hog v C1 • orig Midl, now also Sth

      hoggish adj 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hog-head souse n • Sth, S Midl, esp Lower Missip Valley

      hog-killing n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hog lot n • chiefly Midl, Sth

      hog meat n • Sth, S Midl

      hogpen n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hogs ate my brother up, since the adv phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      hog’s head cheese n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast, esp S Atl, Gulf States (MAP and Map Section)

      hold n A1 • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl

      hold v A1b • Sth, S Midl

      hold v A2a • Sth, S Midl

      hold v A2c • Sth, S Midl

      hold v A3a • Sth, S Midl

      hold v B1 • esp Sth

      hold v C1a • Sth, S Midl

      hold v C2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Gulf States, AR (MAP)

      hole n 1c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      holiness adj • chiefly Sth, Midl, Cent (MAP)

      holler v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      holler v B5 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      holler n1 C2 • Sth, S Midl

      hollow n1, adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp sAppalachians, Ozarks

      hollow horn n 1 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      hollow tail n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      holy laugh n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      home demonstration n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      home folks n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      homeplace n • esp Sth, S Midl

      hone v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      honey bun n • esp Sth, S Midl

      honey shucks n • chiefly Sth, esp VA

      honeysuckle n 3 • scattered, but esp S Midl, Sth

      *hooch n1 1 • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hoodoo n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, esp LA, MS (MAP)

      hook v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      hoo-owl n • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hoop cheese n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hoosier n B1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hoosier n B1b • Sth, S Midl

      hop v1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hop and (a) jump n • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hope v1 • Sth, S Midl

      hoppergrass n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *horse barn n • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      horsebean n 4 • Sth

      horsemint n 2 • esp Sth

      horse piss n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      horse sugar n • esp Sth

      host n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hot v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      hotel n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hotten v 1 • Sth, S Midl

      hot-water tea n • Sth, S Midl

      hound dog n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      house n B1b • Sth, S Midl

      house-raising n • scattered, but esp freq Sth, S Midl

      house shoe n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      howdy v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      how you do exclam • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      huckleberry n 10 • Sth, S Midl

      hug-me-tight n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hull n B2a(2) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hull n B2a(3) • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      hull n B2b(1) • Sth, S Midl

      *hullabaloo n 1 • scattered, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hum and haw v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      humble adj, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hump n 5 • scattered, but esp S Midl, Sth

      hundred n, adj A1 (pronc) • chiefly Atlantic, Sth, S Midl

      hundred n, adj A4 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hungry adj, n • esp Sth, S Midl

      hungry n B • Sth

      hunker n1 • chiefly Midl, Sth

      hurricane n A1b (pronc) • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hurricane n A5 (pronc) • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hurricane n B1a • esp Sth, S Midl

      hurt v B • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp S Atl

      hurting n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hush v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      hush v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Appalachians

      hush v B2 • Sth, S Midl

      hush puppy n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      hyena n B • Sth, S Midl

      hymn n A • Sth, S Midl

      i prep • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      I pron (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      I be phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ice-cream supper n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      icing n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      idea n 2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl; also NEng

      idea n 3 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      if conj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      iffen conj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -ified suff • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -ify suff • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ignorant adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ill adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      illegal adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      in prep, adv A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      in prep B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      in about adv phr • Sth, S Midl

      inch n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Indian hen n 2 • chiefly Sth

      Indian hen n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Indian peach n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      Indian potato n l • Sth

      infant baby n • Sth

      infare n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -ing suff B1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      in generally adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      initiation n • esp Sth

      ink n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      instead adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp freq among Black speakers, stedder, stidder

      instead adv (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast

      insurance n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      Irish n1, adj (pronc) • esp Sth

      Irish potato n • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      iron dog n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      island n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      it pron A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      it pron C1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      it ain’t done it phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      itch n B1 • widespread, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      itch n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *ivory n1 1a • scattered, but less freq Sth, nNEng (MAP)

      ivory n2 • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl, NEast (MAP)

      jack n1 14 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      jack n1 15 • chiefly Sth

      jack n1 16 • esp Sth, S Midl

      jackfish n 1a • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      jack frost n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      jackleg adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      jack-o’-lantern n 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      jack snapper n 1 • esp Sth

      jaggedy adj 1 • Sth, S Midl

      jailhouse n • scattered, but somewhat more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      jam up adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      jam up adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      jaundice n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl, |ˈændə(r)z|

      jaundice n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl, ME, |ˈɔndə(r)z, ˈɑ-|

      jaunt n, v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      jaw back v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      jaybird n 1a • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      jaybird n 1b • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      Jay Gould n • esp Sth, S Midl

      jelly n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      jenny n 6 • Sth, S Midl

      jerk n1 B1 • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      *jerkwater adj 1 • scattered exc NEng; infreq Sth, Inland Sth (MAP)

      Jerusalem oak n 1 • widespread, but esp freq Sth

      jewlark v • esp Sth, S Midl

      jewlarker n • Sth, S Midl

      Jew’s harp n • esp Sth, S Midl

      Jew’s harp n B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, Missip Valley, West

      jimberjawed adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      jimmies n pl1 1 • esp Sth, S Midl, West

      jimmy-john n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      jimson weed n • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      jimswinger n 1 • Sth

      job n2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      job v2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Job’s turkey n 1 • widespread, but more freq Sth, Midl (MAP)

      *john n 2a • widespread, but somewhat less freq Sth (MAP)

      John Brown v phr • chiefly Sth

      johnny house n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      Johnson grass n 1 • chiefly Sth, West, W Midl

      join v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      joint n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      joint snake n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      joist n 1 (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      joke v • esp Sth, S Midl

      jokey adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      jomo n • Sth, S Midl

      Jordan n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      joree n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Joseph’s coat n • chiefly Sth

      josie n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      journey-proud adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      jower n • Sth, S Midl

      jower v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      jowl n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      juba n • chiefly Sth

      judge n, v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      juice v • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West (MAP)

      jump v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      jumper n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      jump the broom v phr • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      jump the rope v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      jump-the-rope n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      jump-up song n • chiefly Sth

      june v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      June bug n 4 • chiefly Sth

      juniper n 2b • Sth, esp Mid Atl

      just adv 1b (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      just adv 2 (pronc) • scattered, but esp freq Sth, S Midl

      just adv 3 (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      just adv 4 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      just as well adv phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      keen adj 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      keen adj 2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      keep v B3 • scattered, but esp Sth, Midl (MAP)

      keg n, v A1 (pronc) • chiefly NEast, S Midl, Sth

      Kentucky n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      kernel n 4 • esp Sth, S Midl

      *kettle n B1 • widespread, but less freq Sth (MAP and Map Section)

      kill v A (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      kill v B • Sth, S Midl

      kill v C1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      kill v C2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      killdeer n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW, Pacific (MAP)

      killifish n 2 • Sth

      killy hawk n • chiefly Sth

      kin n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      kindly adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp sAppalachians

      kinfolk n pl • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, Cent, TX (MAP)

      king bee n • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      kingnut n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      king snake n 1 • chiefly Sth, SW

      kinnery n • Sth, S Midl

      kinpeople n • Sth, S Midl

      kit n 2c • chiefly Sth, S Midl; also NEng

      kitchen furniture n • esp Sth

      kittledee n • Sth

      kitty wants a corner n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      knee baby n • Sth, S Midl, esp NC

      knee-high to a grasshopper adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      knickknack n1 • esp Sth, Missip Valley (MAP)

      knock v 2 • esp Sth (MAP)

      knock down v phr 1 • now chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      knocker n 7a • Sth, S Midl

      *knoll n B • widespread, but somewhat less freq Sth

      knot n1 3 • chiefly Sth, Midl, Cent (MAP)

      know v B3a • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      know v B4a • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      kudzu n • chiefly Sth

      lack v1 (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      lady n • Sth, S Midl

      lady pea n • chiefly Sth, sS Midl (MAP)

      Lane cake n • Sth, esp MS, GA

      lap child n • Sth, S Midl

      lashings n pl • esp Sth, S Midl

      last button on Gabe’s coat n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      last drop n • esp Sth

      last of pea-time(s) n • esp Sth, S Midl, NEng

      laugh v C1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      law n1 B1 • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      law n2, intj • now chiefly Sth, S Midl, formerly also NEast

      law v • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      lawsy n, intj • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      lay v 1 • chiefly S Midl, Sth (MAP and Map Section)

      lay v 2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      lay by v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      lay for v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      lay off v phr 2 • Sth, S Midl

      lay off v phr 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      layout n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      lay out v phr 1 • chiefly Midl, Sth

      layover(s) to catch meddlers n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      leader n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      lean v A (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      learn v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      leastways adv • esp Sth, S Midl

      leather-winged bat n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      leave n1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      leave v A1 • chiefly Sth

      leave v A3 • esp Sth

      leave off v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      leave out v phr 1 • Sth, S Midl

      leg n (pronc) • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      less conj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      lessen conj1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      let v B1 • chiefly Sth

      let in v phr 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      level full adj phr • scattered, but esp Sth, Midl (MAP)

      lick n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX, OK (MAP)

      lick n 5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      lick v B4 • Sth, S Midl

      lickskillet n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      lid n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      lie n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      lie v1 1 • esp Sth (MAP)

      lie down v phr 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      lie out v phr 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      lie out v phr 2 • Sth, S Midl, esp sAppalachians, GA, SC (MAP)

      lie out v phr 3 • esp S Midl, Sth

      life everlasting n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      lift, on the adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      light v2 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      light a shuck v phr • Sth, S Midl

      light bread n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, OK, TX (MAP)

      light moon n • Sth, S Midl

      light roll n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      lights n pl 2a • esp Sth, S Midl

      lights n pl 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      lightwood n1 • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl (MAP)

      -like suff • chiefly Midl, Sth

      like v1, adj, vbl aux, n, adv, prep, conj • Pronc-spp chiefly Sth, S Midl la(c)k, lock, loike, luk

      like v1 C1 • NEng, Sth, S Midl

      like vbl aux E2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      like that adj phr • esp Sth

      like unto prep phr • esp Sth

      *lima bean n • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      limber adj • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      limber jack n 3 • esp Sth, S Midl

      limberneck n • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      *limey n1 • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      line horse n • esp Sth, S Midl

      line out v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      linthead n • Sth, S Midl

      lip v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      liquor head n • chiefly Sth

      list n 1 • chiefly Sth

      list v 1 • chiefly Sth

      listen v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      lister n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      little old adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      little Sally Walker n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      liver hash n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      loaf bread n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      loblolly n 2 • scattered, but esp freq Sth, S Midl

      local preacher n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, C Atl (MAP)

      locked bowels n pl 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      locker n 1 • esp Sth

      loft n 2 • scattered, but chiefly S Midl, Sth (MAP)

      logroller n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      logrolling vbl n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *lollygag v B1 • widespread, but less freq Sth

      long handles n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West (MAP and Map Section)

      longheaded adj 2 • Sth, S Midl

      *long john n 1 • widespread, but somewhat less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      long sweetening n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      long tom n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      look v B4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      look over v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Lord n1 B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      Lordy intj • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      lose time v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      lot n 1a • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      lot n 3 • chiefly Sth

      loud adj B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Louisiana n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      *lousy adj 2a • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *lousy adj 2c • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *lousy adj 2d • widespread, but somewhat less freq Sth (MAP)

      love v D1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      love bump n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      love vine n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      low adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      low v, n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      low blood n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      low cotton n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      low-down adj 1 • formerly chiefly Sth, S Midl; now more widespread

      low-down adj 2 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      low-quarter(ed) shoe n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      low-rate v • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      low sick adj phr • Sth, S Midl, esp Gulf States (MAP)

      low wine n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      lumber room n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      lusty adj 1 • chiefly Sth

      lye hominy n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ma n B1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      ma’am n1 B1 • Sth and S Midl

      mad adj 1a • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      mad adj 1b • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      madam n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      made over ppl adj phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      madstone n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      main strength and awkwardness n • esp Sth, S Midl

      major n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      make v1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      make v1 C1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      make v1 C12b • esp Sth, S Midl

      make v1 D3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      make v1 D15 • esp Sth

      make v1 D19 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      make v1 D20 • esp Sth

      make v1 D21 • formerly widespread, now esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      make down v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      make like v phr • widespread, but esp freq Sth (MAP)

      make out v phr 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      make up v phr 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      male adj • widespread, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      mamma n1 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mam-maw n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      mammock v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mammy n1 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      mammy n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      man n A • chiefly Sth, chiefly among Black speakers pronc-spp mon, mun

      man n B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      man n C2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      manner n 1 • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth

      mannerable adj • Sth, S Midl

      mannish adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mantelpiece n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, Atlantic (MAP)

      marble eye n 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl, Missip Valley (MAP)

      *marble orchard n • scattered, but rare Sth, S Midl

      marching around the levee n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mare n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mark v1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      mark v1 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      marrow n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      marry v (pronc) • chiefly Atlantic, Sth

      marry up v phr • esp S Midl, Sth

      marsh hen n 1 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      Mary n (pronc) • esp Sth, NEng

      mash v1 1 • widespread, but chiefly Sth, Midl; also West (MAP)

      mash v1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Massachusetts n (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      massacre n, v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mast n1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      master n (pronc) • chiefly NEng, Sth

      master n • chiefly Sth, among Black speakers, obs, mars(e), mass(a)

      master n B1 • Formerly used by Blacks in the South

      matter n1, v (pronc) • chiefly NEng, Sth

      matter n1 B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Maud n • esp Sth, S Midl

      maul rails v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      may v Aa • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      may v B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *mayapple n 1 • widespread exc West; less freq NEast, Sth (MAP)

      me pron 3a • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      me pron 3b • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      meadow n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      *meadowlark n 1 • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      mean adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mean adj 4 • Sth

      *meander v • scattered, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      meat n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      meat hog n • chiefly Sth

      meddle v 1 • chiefly Sth

      *median (strip) n 1e • scattered, but rare Sth, West (MAP)

      mee-maw n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      melon n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      melt n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mend v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      mend v 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      menfolk(s) n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -ment suff A • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -ment suff B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mesh n1, v (pronc) • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl

      mess n 1a • chiefly NEast, Sth, S Midl

      mess v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      mess up v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      Methodist n • Sth, S Midl Mef(o)dis, Metdis, Meth(o)dis

      middle n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      middlebuster n 1 • chiefly Sth, TX (MAP)

      middleman n 1 • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      middler n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      middling n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      middling n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      midlady n • chiefly Sth

      midmother n • esp Sth, S Midl

      mighty adj • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl, NEast

      mighty adv • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      mile n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng mild

      mile n B • chiefly Sth, Midl

      milk box n • esp Sth, S Midl

      *milk house n • widespread, but less freq Sth, Atlantic (MAP)

      milk lot n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      milk room n • scattered, but chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *milkweed n 1 • widespread, but less freq Sth

      millrock n • Sth, S Midl

      mince v • widespread, but more freq Sth, Midl (MAP)

      mind n B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mind v C1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mind v C2 • esp Sth, Midl

      mind v C6 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mind out v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mingledy adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      *minnow n A1 • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      minnow n A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      mirate v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      miration n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      misdoubt v • esp Sth, S Midl

      misery n • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      mislick n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      misput adj 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      miss-meal colic n • chiefly Sth

      missy n 2 • chiefly Sth

      mist n 4 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      mist rain v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      mistress n B1 • Formerly used by Black speakers in the South

      mixed-breed n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, N Atl (MAP)

      mixtry n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mizzle n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mizzle v1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mizzle v3 • esp Sth

      moan v • chiefly Sth

      moaners’ bench n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mock v B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mock orange n 1a • Sth

      mock orange n 1d • chiefly Sth

      mojo n • chiefly Sth

      molasses n (pronc) • esp NEng, Sth

      molly cottontail n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *mom n1 1 • widespread, but less freq Sth (MAP)

      monkey food n • chiefly Sth

      monstrous adv B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      month n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      moon-fixer n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mosquito hawk n 2a • chiefly Sth, but scattered Missip Valley (MAP and Map Section)

      moss n 2a • Sth

      moss verbena n • Sth

      mostly adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      most time(s) adv phr • esp Sth, Midl (MAP)

      mother wit n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      moughty adj, adv • Sth, S Midl

      mould n • Sth

      mountain n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mountain dew n • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      mountain pheasant n • esp Sth, S Midl

      mountain trout n 2 • Sth

      mourner n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mourners’ bench n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *mouse n B3 • scattered, but rare Sth (MAP)

      mouth n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      Mr. It n • esp Sth

      Mrs. n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      Mrs. n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      much adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      much v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mud v 1 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      muda grass n • esp Sth

      mud eel n 1 • chiefly Sth

      mud puppy n c • chiefly Sth

      muffin n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mulatto adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      mule n1 5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      mule n1 6 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      muley-head n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      mull adj, n1 • Sth

      mulligrubs n pl 1 • scattered, but esp Sth (MAP)

      multiplying onion n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *mumblety-peg n 1 • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      muscadine (grape) n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      mush n1 3 • esp Sth, S Midl

      mushroom n (pronc) • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *musical chairs n pl • widespread, but somewhat less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *muskmelon n (pronc) • widespread, but less freq Sth, West..|ˈmʌsk̩mɛlən| (MAP)

      muskmelon n (pronc) • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl, N Atl..|ˈmʌš̩mɛlən| (MAP)

      muskrat n • Pronc-sp chiefly Sth, S Midl..musrat

      musky adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl; scattered NEast (MAP)

      must vbl aux 2 • chiefly Sth

      muzzle n • esp Sth

      myrtle n1 • Pronc-spp chiefly Sth, S Midl

      nairn pron • Sth, S Midl

      naked adj (pronc) • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      nape n (pronc) • esp NEast, Sth, S Midl

      napper’s house, go to v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      nappy adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      narrow adj, v, n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, less freq NEast

      nary adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      nasty adj • scattered, but esp Sth (MAP)

      nation n1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      natural adj, adv, n (pronc) • esp Sth

      naturally adv (pronc) • esp Sth

      naturally adv B • Sth, S Midl

      natured adj • Sth, S Midl

      nauseated ppl adj (pronc) • esp Sth

      navel n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      near adj, adv B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      nearabout(s) adv 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      neck n (pronc) • esp Sth

      ne’er adj1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      neighborhood road n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      nest n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      nest onion n • chiefly Sth, esp GA

      new adj (pronc) • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      newnited adj • esp Sth

      newspaper n • esp Sth, S Midl

      New Year’s gift exclam • Sth, S Midl

      nick-tailed adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      niece n • Sth, S Midl

      nigger town n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      nighabout adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *night crawler n • widespread exc Sth (MAP)

      night glass n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      night-hunting vbl n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      night work n • chiefly Sth

      nigra n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      nigro n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ninny n2 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      nit fly n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp KY (MAP)

      no-count adj • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      norate v • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      noration n • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      north end of a chicken flying south n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      northern bean n • scattered, but esp Sth, Missip-Ohio Valleys (MAP)

      notice v 1 • Sth, S Midl

      notionate adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      noway adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      nurse v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      obedient plant n • Sth

      oblige v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      odd-come-short n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      of prep Ba • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      of prep Be • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      of prep Bh • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast

      of prep C3 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      of prep C5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      off prep C1 • widespread, but more freq Sth, Midl (MAP)

      oil n1, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      okra n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      old field n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      old-field pine n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      old-field school n • Sth, S Midl

      old head n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      old maid n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      Old Master n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Old Ned n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Old Scratch n • chiefly Sth, S Midl; also NEng (MAP)

      old-timey adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      on prep, adv (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      on prep, adv (pronc) • chiefly Sth, Midl, eNEng

      on prep B1 • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl

      on prep B3a • widespread, but more freq Sth, Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      on prep B6 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      once adv (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      once and occasionally adv phr • Sth, S Midl

      one pron B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      one-gallus(ed) adj • Sth, S Midl

      one-sided adj, adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      onion n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      onliest adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      only prep B • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      oo-wee exclam • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      open adj, v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      open barn n • esp Sth, S Midl

      osnaburg n • chiefly Sth

      ought v • Pronc-sp chiefly Sth, S Midl ort

      ought v C2a • widespread, but more freq S Midl, Sth

      ought v C3a • chiefly Sth, TX

      ourn pron • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      out adj D2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      out n F1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *out n F2b • scattered, but less freq NEng, Sth (MAP)

      out prep E • chiefly Sth, Midl; also NEast (MAP)

      outdone adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      outen prep 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      outside child n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      oven n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      over adj C • Sth, S Midl, West

      over v D1 • chiefly Sth

      over n E1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      over exclam F • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      owing to prep phr • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      owlhead n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      own self pron • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ox n A1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ox n A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ox n B1 • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      pa n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pale v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      paling n1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      paling fence n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pallet n • chiefly Sth, W Midl, SW (MAP)

      palm n B • chiefly Sth

      palm n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEng |pæm|

      palma Christi n • chiefly Sth

      *pancake turner n • widespread, but somewhat less freq Sth, S Midl, PA (MAP)

      panel fence n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      panther n A2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      panther n C1 • widespread, but chiefly NEast, Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      papa n2 2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      pa-paw n2 (pronc) • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      parasol n B1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, Cent, TX (MAP)

      parch v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      parlor n B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      particular adj B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      particular adv D • esp Sth, S Midl

      partment n • esp Sth, S Midl

      partner n A • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      partridge n A1 (pronc) • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      partridge n A3 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      partridge n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pass v 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pass v 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp LA

      passage n • Sth, S Midl, esp SC

      pass and repass v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      passel n 2 • formerly chiefly Sth, S Midl, now widespread

      passion flower n • esp Sth

      pass words v phr 1 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pastor v • esp Sth, S Midl

      pasture n1, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈpæstə(r)|

      pat v 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pat v 2 • chiefly Sth

      pat-a-cake n • esp Sth, S Midl

      paunch n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      paunch n B • Sth, S Midl

      pea n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pea n2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      peace n • widespread in literary use, but chiefly Sth, S Midl in oral use (MAP)

      peacebreaker n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      peach-orchard boar n 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      peach pickle n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      peach-tree tea n • Sth, Midl

      pear pickle n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      peart adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      peart adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pearten v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pea-turkey n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      peavine n 1b(2) • Sth

      peck n3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      peck v1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      peck v1 2 • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      peckerwood n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      peckerwood n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      peckerwood n 3a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      peedoodle n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      peeper n2 2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      peep-eye n, v, exclam • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      peg n B8 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      peg n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |pe(ɪ)g|

      pen n1 (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |pɪn|

      pen n1 B2 • Sth, S Midl

      pen n1 B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pen n1 B4 • esp Sth

      penny pencil n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pennywinkle n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      people n B2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *perambulator n • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      persimmon beer n • chiefly Sth, esp SC (MAP)

      peruse v • Sth, esp SC, GA

      pet n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pet v • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      phlegm n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |flim|

      piano n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl, NEast |paɪˈænə, piˈænɪ, piˈjænɚ|

      *piccalilli n • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pick v 2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pickaninny n • chiefly Sth

      piece n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      piece n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      piece n 7 • widespread, but more freq Sth, Midl, TX (MAP)

      pieded adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pie melon n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      *pieplant n • widespread exc Sth (MAP)

      piggin n 1 • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl

      pig tracks n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pill n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      pimp n1 • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth

      pin n1, v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |pɛn|

      pine burr n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pine top n 1 • chiefly Sth

      pine top n 2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth

      piney woods n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *pinochle n • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pipewood n • Sth

      piroot v • chiefly Sth, SW

      pitch v 1 • Sth, S Midl

      pitch v 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pitty-pat n • Sth, S Midl

      plague n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl; also NEast (MAP)

      plague-gone adj phr, adv phr • Sth, S Midl

      plague-taked ppl adj phr, adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      plain bread n • Sth, S Midl

      plain out adv phr • Sth, Midl

      plait n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      plait v • chiefly Sth, Midl, SW (MAP)

      plank fence n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      plant one’s corn before one builds the fence v phr • Sth, S Midl

      play like v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      play off v phr 1 • esp Midl, Sth (MAP)

      play-pretty n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX, OK (MAP)

      play-toy n • scattered, but chiefly NEast, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pleasure n, v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pleasure n, v B2 • Sth, S Midl

      plow v B2 • Sth, S Midl

      plowline n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      plumb adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      plumb adv 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Plumb Nearly n • Sth, S Midl

      plum peach n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      plunder n 1 • orig chiefly Sth, S Midl; now more widespread

      plunder n 2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      plunder n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp SC

      pneumonia n (pronc) • chiefly S Midl, Sth |nuˈmoni|

      poach v A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      poach v A2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      pocket n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *pod n 1 • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      point n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, formerly also NEng |paɪnt|

      poison n, v, adj, adv (pronc) • Sth, S Midl |ˈpɔz(ə)n|

      poison n, v, adj, adv (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEast..|ˈpaɪz(ə)n|

      poke bonnet n • formerly widespread, now more freq Sth, SW (MAP)

      *poker n1 2 • scattered, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      poke salad n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      polecat n 1 • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      polecat n 2a • esp Sth, S Midl

      police n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      police n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈpoˌlis, ˈpoˈlis|

      polite adj, adv • Pronc-spp esp Sth, S Midl perlite, p’lite

      pond water n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pondy adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      pone n 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pone n 1b • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pone n 3b • esp Sth

      pone bread n 1 • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pooch n1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pooch v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      poontang n 1 • orig Sth, now more widespread

      poor adj A2 (pronc) • chiefly neNEng, Sth, S Midl

      poor adj Ba • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      poor adj Bb • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      poor do n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      poor Joe n1 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      poorly adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈpo(r)li|

      poor mouth n • chiefly Midl, Sth

      poor White n 2a • scattered, but chiefly Sth, SW (MAP)

      poot n • Sth, S Midl

      poot v1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *pop n1 • widespread, but less freq N Atl, ePA, Sth, eMO, sIL (MAP)

      pop v1 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      pop v1 1b • Sth, S Midl

      pop v1 3 • Sth, S Midl

      pop call n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      poppy n2 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pop-the-whip n • chiefly Sth, Lower Missip Valley, West (MAP)

      possum n 5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      possum v 1 • Sth, S Midl

      post n 2a (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      post oak n 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl, OK, TX (MAP)

      pot n 1 • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pot n 11 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      potato n A3 (pronc) • widespread, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      potato n B2 • chiefly Sth

      potato n B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pot hound n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW

      pot liquor n • scattered, but chiefly Sth

      *potluck meal n • widespread, but less freq Sth, C Atl, NY (MAP and Map Section)

      potrack n, v • Sth, S Midl

      poultry wire n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pounding n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      pound party n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pour v, n B1a • chiefly Sth, Midl, West (MAP)

      pour v, n B1b • esp Sth, S Midl

      power n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      powerful adj B1 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      powerful adv C1 • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      prank v1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      prayer n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl |ˈprɑə|

      pray through v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      preacher-man n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      preacher, pay the v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      preacher’s nose n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      preaching n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      preserve n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      press n1 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pressing club n • esp Sth

      press meat n • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      press peach n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      pretty adj, adv, n A1c (pronc) • esp NEast, Sth

      pretty n C1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp sAppalachians

      pretty n C1b • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      prickly ash n 2 • chiefly Sth

      Primitive Baptist n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      printcloth sack n • Sth, S Midl

      priss v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      prize n 1b • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      prize v2 1 • chiefly S Midl; also Sth

      prog v 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Chesapeake Bay

      project v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      prone into v phr • chiefly Sth

      prong n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      prong n 3 • Sth, S Midl

      protracted meeting n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      proud adj 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      proud adj 2 • Sth, S Midl

      puddle duck n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      puddle duck n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      pull v 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pulled candy n • chiefly Atlantic, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pullikins n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      pully bone n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX, OK, IL, IN (MAP)

      pulpit n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |p^Ulˈpɪt, ˈp^Ulˈpɪt, ˈpʌl-|

      punching stick n • Sth, S Midl

      puny adj 1 • widespread, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      pure adj, adv (pronc) • Sth |pjo|

      pure adj B • Sth, S Midl

      pure adv C • Sth, S Midl

      puredee adj, adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      purely adv • Sth, S Midl

      pushency n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      push little ducks in the water, mean enough to adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West (MAP)

      pussle-gut n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      put away v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      put in v phr 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      put-on n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      put one’s mouth on v phr • Sth

      put out v phr 2 • esp Sth (MAP)

      put up v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      quality n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      qualmish adj • esp NEng, Sth

      quarrel v B • Sth, S Midl

      quarter n 1 • chiefly Sth, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      quarter n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      quarter v 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      queer adj (pronc) • chiefly S Midl, Sth |kwer, kwɛr, kwær, kwɑr|

      quieten v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      quill n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      quill n 2 • chiefly Sth

      quinine n (pronc) • esp eNEng, Sth |ˈkwɪnaɪn, kwɪnˈaɪn|

      *quits exclam • scattered, but less freq Sth, S Midl, SW, Cent (MAP)

      rabbit hawk n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      rack n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Mid Atl

      rack n2 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      racket n2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ragged robin n 2 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      rail-splitter n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      rain crow n 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      rainfrog n 1 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      raise v B3b • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      raise v B5 • esp Sth

      *raise v C1b • widespread exc Sth, TX (MAP)

      raised gravy n • Sth, S Midl

      raised in a barn adj phr • widespread, but somewhat more freq Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      raise sand v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      raisin n (pronc) • also Sth, S Midl old-fash |ˈrizn|

      ramsack v • scattered, but esp Sth, Midl

      ramshacklety adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      ramshackly adj • formerly more widespread, now esp Sth, S Midl

      rantankerous adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      rap jacket n • Sth, S Midl

      rare v 4 • Sth, S Midl

      rare v 5a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      rat cat n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      rather n • chiefly Sth, W Midl (MAP)

      rat-killing n • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      rattler n 6 • esp Sth, S Midl

      rattlesnake melon n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      rattlesnake pilot n • chiefly Sth

      rawbony adj • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      rawhead and bloodybones n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      razorback hog n • chiefly Sth, Sth Midl

      reach v1 A1 • also chiefly Sth, S Midl re(t)ch

      reach v1 A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      reach v1 A3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      reach v1 B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ready-roll n • esp Sth, S Midl

      real adj, adv (pronc) • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl |re(ə)l|

      reap hook n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      reckon v B1a • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      reckon v B1b • Sth, S Midl

      reckon v B1c(2) • Sth, S Midl

      reckon v B1c(3) • Sth, S Midl

      recomember v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      red-bellied perch n • chiefly Sth

      redbelly n 1 • chiefly Sth

      redbird n b • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      red bone n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      redbug n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      redd v 4 • esp Sth, S Midl

      redeye n 5 • formerly chiefly Sth, S Midl; now more widespread

      red-eye gravy n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      red gravy n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      red gum n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      red-headed scorpion n • chiefly Sth

      redhorse n 1 • chiefly N Cent, Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      red light n 2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, PA (MAP)

      red liquor n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      red-neck n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Gulf States (MAP)

      red perch n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      red wasp n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      redworm n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      reed brake n • Sth

      reed cane n • Sth, S Midl

      refugee v • Sth, S Midl

      *relation n 1 • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *relation n 2 • scattered, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      rescue grass n 1 • chiefly Sth

      rest v1 A1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      rest v1 A2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      rest v1 B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      return thanks v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      reverend adj B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Revolution n • Sth, S Midl

      ricebird n 1 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      rich pine n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      ride v1 A2a • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ride v1 B13b • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ridiculous adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ridy-horse n 2 • chiefly Sth, sAppalachians

      ridy-horse n 3 • esp Sth, sAppalachians

      right adv B • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      right adv, n, adj (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |rat, ræt, rɑt|

      right-down adv phr, adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      right now adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      right on adv phr • chiefly Sth

      right smart adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      right smart adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      right smart n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ring v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |riŋ, rɛŋ, reŋ, ræŋ|

      ring v B1b   • esp Sth, S Midl

      ring v B2b   • esp Sth, S Midl

      ring-around-a-rosy n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      rinktum n 4 • Sth, S Midl

      rinse v, n 1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      rinse v, n 2 (pronc) • esp Midl, Sth (MAP)

      rise n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      rise v A2a   • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      rise v B1 • Sth, S Midl

      rising n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX, OK (MAP)

      roach n2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      roach v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      roasting ear n A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      rock n1 4b • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      rock v2 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      rock geranium n • Sth

      rock school n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      rock wall n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West (MAP)

      rogue n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      rogue v • Sth, S Midl

      roguish adj • Sth, S Midl

      roll v • Sth, S Midl

      rolly-holey n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      Roman cannon n • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      Rook n2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      root n1 B1 • Sth

      *root cellar n • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      root doctor n 2 • Sth

      rooter n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      root-soaker n • Sth, S Midl

      root work n • Sth

      rosemary pine n • chiefly Sth, esp NC

      rosin n A1a (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      rosin n A1b (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      rosin n A2a (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      rosin n A3 (pronc) • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      rosin n A4 (pronc) • scattered Sth, S Midl, SW

      rosin n B1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      rotten adj 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      rotten v • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast (MAP)

      rough adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West (MAP)

      roughness n 1 • Sth, S Midl, esp Appalachians

      round squash n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      roundance n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      roust v 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      row n 3 • Sth, S Midl

      rub v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      rubboard n 1 • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *rube n • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      ruckus n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |ˈr^Ukəs, ˈrukəs|

      rue v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ruin v A2b(pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX, OK (MAP)

      ruin v A2c(pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      ruin v B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      ruin v B3 • Sth, S Midl

      ruinate v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      run n 6 • esp Sth, S Midl

      run v A1b   • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      run v A2b   • esp Sth, S Midl

      run v B3 • Sth, S Midl

      run v B9a    • chiefly Sth

      run v B9c    • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      runaround n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      runner n 4 • formerly more widespread, but now chiefly Sth (Map Section)

      run one’s mouth v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      run up v phr 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      rural n • chiefly Sth

      Russian boar n • chiefly Sth

      rusty adj2 • esp Sth

      rusty n2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sacred harp n • chiefly Sth

      sad adj • chiefly Midl, Sth

      saddle n 4 • scattered, but esp Sth (MAP)

      saddlebag house n • Sth, S Midl

      safe n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      saft adj • chiefly Sth, Midl

      sagaciate v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sager n • Sth, S Midl

      salad n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |ˈsælət, -lɛt, -lɪt|

      salad n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      salad onion n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      salamander n 2 • Sth, S Midl, esp Gulf States

      sale day n • esp Sth, S Midl

      salt bacon n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      salts water n • esp Sth, S Midl

      same like conj phr, prep phr, adj phr • chiefly Sth

      Sampson’s snakeroot n 1 • chiefly Sth

      Sampson’s snakeroot n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Sanctified (Church) n • Sth, S Midl

      sand n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sand fiddler n • Sth, esp NC

      sand fly n 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, TX, Upper Missip Valley (MAP)

      sandhiller n 1 • Sth, esp GA, SC

      sandy mockingbird n • chiefly Sth

      sap gum n • Sth

      sass tea n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      satisfy v • Sth, S Midl

      sauce n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |sɔ^Us, sɑ^Us|

      sauce n B1 • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl

      saucer squash n • esp Sth, S Midl

      savagerous adj, adv • esp Sth, S Midl

      save v B1 • Sth, S Midl

      saw exclam • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      saw rack n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      say grace over v phr • Sth, S Midl

      scalded (corn) bread n • esp Sth, S Midl

      scale n • esp NEast, Sth (MAP)

      scandal n B • esp Sth, S Midl

      scandalize v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      scare n, v A (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |skɪə(r)|

      scarf n1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      scarlet sage n • chiefly Sth

      scary adj B • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl; also NEast (MAP)

      scat intj • Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP and Map Section)

      scattering adj • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      school butter exclam • Sth, S Midl

      scoot v 1 • esp Sth

      scope n • Sth, S Midl

      scorpion n (pronc) • scattered Sth, S Midl, SW |ˈskɔrpən, -pɪn, -pin|

      scorpion n B2 • chiefly Sth, Midl

      scotch n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      scotch v1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      scotch v1 4 • Sth, S Midl

      scouring broom n • Sth, S Midl

      scours n pl • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      scrape n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      scrape v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      scraping n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      Scratch n2 • esp Sth

      scratchback n • Sth

      screak v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      scrimption n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      scrinch owl n • Sth, S Midl

      scringe v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      scrooch v 2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      scrooch v 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      scrooch owl n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      scrubboard n 1 • esp Sth

      scrub pad n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      scutter n1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      scuttle n • NEng, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *sea cook n • widespread exc Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      seamster n • esp Sth, S Midl

      sea perch n b • esp Sth

      search n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl old-fash |sɑ(r)č|

      season n1 • Sth, S Midl

      seasoning meat n • Sth, S Midl

      sedge n • Pronc-sp chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng sage

      sedge grass n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      see v B2b    • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      see v B2d    • Sth, S Midl

      see v B3b    • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      seed n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      seed tick n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      seegar n • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      seek v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      seep n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      seesaw n 1 • chiefly Atlantic, Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP and Map Section)

      self pron (pronc) • Sth, S Midl |sɛ(ə)f|

      self pron B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sell out v phr 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      send v 2 • Sth, S Midl esp freq among Black speakers, sahnt, saunt, sont

      sensitive brier n • Sth, S Midl

      sent for and couldn’t come adj phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      sermon n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈsɜ(r)mənt|

      servigrous adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      set v1 A3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      set v1 B4 • esp Sth, S Midl

      set horses v phr • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl (MAP)

      setting n1 • esp Sth

      setting chair n • esp Sth, S Midl

      settlement n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      settlement road n • Sth, S Midl

      set up v phr 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      set up v phr 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      shabby adj • Sth

      shacklety adj • Sth, S Midl

      shackly adj • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      shad n 5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, Missip-Ohio Valleys

      shade-tree n attrib • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      shaft n 2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ševz|

      shake v 1a (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      shake v 1b • esp Sth, S Midl

      shake v 2b • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      shaking ague n • esp Sth, S Midl

      shallot n B • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP and Map Section)

      shank of the evening n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEast

      shape note n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      share n, v (pronc) • also chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEast |šir|; infreq |šʌr|

      sharecrop v • chiefly Sth

      sharecropper n • widespread, but esp Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      sheepshead n 1 • chiefly Sth

      sheriff n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |šɝɪf|

      shifty adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      shimmy n1 • widespread, but slightly more freq Sth, S Midl

      shine n 1 • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      shine n 4 • scattered, but esp Atlantic, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *shinny n1 1 • scattered exc Sth (MAP)

      *shinny v • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      shirttail adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      shock n1 1 • chiefly Midl, Sth, West (MAP)

      shooter n 3 • esp Sth

      shortening bread n • Sth, S Midl

      short sweetening n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      short thigh n • chiefly Sth

      shotgun n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      shout n 1 • Sth, esp sSC, GA coasts

      shout v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      show out v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      shrimp n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |šrɛmp, srɪmp, swɪmp, swɛmp|

      shrink v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |srɪŋk, swɪŋk|

      shrivel v1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl..|ˈswɪvəl(d)|; also |ˈsrɪvəl(d)| (MAP)

      shuck n1 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      shuck n1 1b(1) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      shuck n1 1b(2) • Sth, S Midl

      shuck n1 1b(3) • Sth, S Midl

      shuck v1 1a • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      shuck v1 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      shuckins intj • esp Sth, S Midl

      shut adj a • formerly chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast; now more widespread

      shut adj b • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      shut adj c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      shut v A • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng shed, shet

      shut v A • esp Sth, S Midl shit, shot

      shut-mouth n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      side and side adv phr • chiefly NEast; also Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *side by each adv phr • scattered, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      side meat n • widespread, but more freq Midl, Sth (MAP)

      side pleurisy n • Sth, S Midl

      side room n • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      sides adv, prep • chiefly Sth; formerly also NEast

      sidewalk plot n • esp Sth, S Midl

      sideways n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West (MAP)

      sight n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      sight n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      silver bell n 2 • esp Sth

      singing convention n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      singing n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sinner n • esp Sth, S Midl

      sirree bob n • scattered, but esp Sth, wTX, N Midl, NYC (MAP)

      sit v1 2b • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      sit v1 3b • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      skate v 2 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      skeet v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      skeet v 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      skeet v 3 • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      skeet v 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      skewbald adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *skift n2 1 • widespread exc NEast, Sth, SW (MAP)

      skin n 1 • chiefly Sth

      skin v B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      skin v B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      skipper n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      skull buster n • esp Sth, S Midl

      skunk-drunk adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      sky west and crooked adv phr, adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      sky-winding adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      slab bacon n • scattered, but more freq Sth (MAP)

      slam adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp SE

      slap adv 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      slapdab adv 1 • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      slapdab adv 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      slash n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      slay v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      slice n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth |slaɪš|

      slick elm n • chiefly Sth, S Midl Gulf (MAP)

      slicky adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      slide n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Gulf States, Lower Missip Valley, TX (MAP)

      sling blade n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      slip v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      slip v 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp S Atl (MAP)

      slip gap n • Sth, S Midl

      slippance exclam • Sth, S Midl

      slippy adj • chiefly PA; also Sth (MAP)

      slip-shuck v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      slip the bridle v phr • esp Sth

      sloe n 1 • chiefly Sth

      slouch n • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      slowful adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      slue-footed adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      smack adv 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      smack-dab adv 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      smack smooth adv 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      smart adj 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      smart n • esp Sth

      smather v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      smell melon n • Sth

      smilax n • chiefly Sth

      smooth crop n • chiefly Sth

      smoothing iron n • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      smother v 2 • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      smother fry v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      snack n 1 • chiefly Sth, NEng

      snack n 2 • formerly esp Sth, S Midl, now widespread

      snake n 1a(1) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West (MAP)

      snake n 1a(2) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      snake n 1b • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp sAppalachians (MAP)

      snake-bit adj 2 • chiefly Sth

      snake doctor n 2 • chiefly Midl, Sth (MAP and Map Section)

      snap n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      snap bean n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      sniptious adj • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      snollygoster n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      snooter n • scattered, but esp Sth

      *snowing down South, it’s phr • widespread, but less freq Sth, Cent

      snuff stick n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW, TX (MAP)

      soap gourd n • Sth, S Midl

      sob v • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      ‘sociate v • Sth

      soda n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast |sodɪ, -i|

      sod-soaker n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sog v 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      solid adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -some suff • chiefly Sth, S Midl; also NEng

      somebody n • esp Sth, S Midl

      somerset n • widespread, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      something n, adj, adv A3 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈsʌmp%Un, ˈsʌmp%Um|

      something n B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      something dead up the creek n • Sth, S Midl

      something or other phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sometime adv • chiefly Sth

      sooey exclam • chiefly Sth, S Midl, Cent, TX (MAP)

      sook exclam • chiefly Midl, Sth, TX (MAP)

      soon adv 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      soon adj 1 • Sth, S Midl

      soon adj 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sooner n2 2 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      soot n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, less freq NEast |sʌt|; occas |sut|

      sorrow n, v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sorry adj B2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      sot n • widespread, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      soul-case n 1 • chiefly Sth

      soup bunch n • chiefly Sth, esp LA, MS

      souse v1, n1 (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl..|sa^Uz|

      souse v1 B2 • scattered, but esp freq Sth, S Midl

      souse v1 B4 • esp Sth, S Midl

      souse n1 C1b • chiefly Midl, Sth, TX (MAP)

      souse meat n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      sow bosom n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW

      spang adv 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Spanish needle n 1 • chiefly Midl, Sth (MAP)

      spank-brand new adj phr • esp Sth

      sparrow n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl |ˈspɑr(ə)|

      speaking n • Sth, S Midl

      speckled perch n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      speckled trout n 2 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      speed breaker n • Sth, S Midl

      spend-the-night (party) n • chiefly Sth

      spew 2 • formerly chiefly Sth, S Midl, West; now more widespread (MAP)

      spew 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      spewer n • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      spinning jenny n • Sth, S Midl

      spinning wheel n • Sth, S Midl

      spirit n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈspɛrɪt|

      spit image n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      splinter n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      split v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      split n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      split n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      split basket n • esp Sth, S Midl

      split the blanket(s) v phr • Sth, S Midl, West

      splo n • Sth, S Midl, esp KY, TN

      splunge v, n • Sth, S Midl, esp sAppalachians

      spoil v A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl; formerly also NEng

      spoil v A3 (pronc) • esp NEng, Sth, S Midl

      spoil v C2 • chiefly Sth

      spoon bread n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      spread v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      spread v B2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      spreading adder n • chiefly Sth, TX, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      spring v B1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      spring branch n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      springhouse n • formerly widespread, now chiefly Midl, Sth, esp Appalachians (MAP)

      spring lizard n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      spring onion n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      sprinkler n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      sprout flow n • Sth

      spruce pine n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sprucy adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      spunk-water n • Sth, S Midl

      ‘spute v • chiefly Sth

      squab n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      square n1, adj, adv (pronc) • esp NEast, Sth, S Midl |skwæə(r)|, less freq |skweə(r)|

      square n1 B2 • Sth, S Midl

      square-dab adv • chiefly Sth, esp TX

      squatting snipe n • Sth

      squealer n 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      squeech v • esp Sth, S Midl

      squeeze v Bb • Sth, S Midl

      squench v1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      squinch v2 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      squinch v2 4 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      squinched up ppl adj phr 1 • esp Sth

      squinch owl n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      squirrel’s jump n • esp Sth

      squirts n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      squush v 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl, NEast (MAP)

      stable horse n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stable lot n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stack chimney n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl, but also NEng

      stack chimney n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stack of bones n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      staff n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      staggle v • chiefly Sth

      stair n1 (pronc) • Sth, S Midl |star, stɑr|

      stairsteps n pl • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      stall v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stand n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      stand n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stand n 3 • Sth, S Midl

      stand n 4 • esp Sth, S Midl

      stander n • formerly chiefly Sth, S Midl

      standing rent n • chiefly Sth

      stand in with v phr • formerly more widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      stand one down v phr 2 • Sth, S Midl

      staple n1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈstip%Ul|

      start-naked adj phr • Sth, S Midl

      stave n • esp Sth, S Midl

      stave v 5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stay v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      steady adj, adv, v A2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      steal v B1b • scattered, but most freq Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      steal v B2c • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      stealing partners n • Sth, S Midl

      stealing steps n • esp Sth, S Midl

      stealing sticks n • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      steeple n2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      steer n1 • scattered, but somewhat more freq Sth, S Midl

      stemper n • Sth, S Midl

      step off the carpet v phr • scattered, but esp Sth

      step stove n • orig widespread; later chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stew n • esp Midl, Sth

      stick-and-clay chimney n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sticky n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      stiff-starch n • Sth, TX

      stile n1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stile block n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      still adv 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      still adv 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stinging worm n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      stinkbird n • chiefly Sth

      stinking jim n • Sth, S Midl

      stob n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stob v B1 • Sth, S Midl

      stock cow n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      stomp n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      stomp-down adj phr, adv phr • Sth, S Midl

      stool-bottom(ed) chair n • Sth, S Midl

      stop by v phr • scattered, but somewhat more freq Midl, Sth

      store n • Sth, S Midl sto(ah); rarely sto-er, tore

      *store n B1 • widespread, but less freq Sth, Lower Missip Valley, TX (MAP)

      *store n B2 • widespread, but less freq Sth, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      store-bought adj phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      stork shower n • scattered, but esp NEast, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      storm hit it, look like (a) v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      story v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stove up adj phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stove up adj phr 2 • scattered, but esp Sth

      straight drive (transmission) n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stray adj 2 • scattered Sth, S Midl

      streaked gravy n • Sth, S Midl

      streaked meat n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp sAppalachians (MAP)

      streakedy adj (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      streak off v phr • Sth

      street, in the adj phr • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      strike v A1 • Sth, S Midl strack, strick.

      strike a lick v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      strike up with v phr • Sth, S Midl

      striking paper n • Sth, S Midl

      string n, v (pronc) • Sth, S Midl |stræŋ, strɛŋ|

      strop n, v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      strow v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stroy v, ppl adj • Sth, Midl

      strut v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      strut n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      strut n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stubborn adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      studs n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      study v1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      study v1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      study v1 4 • Sth, S Midl

      stump v 2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stump-broke adj • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl, TX

      stump-hole liquor n • Sth, S Midl, esp NC, SC (MAP)

      stump juice n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      stump-jumper n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      stump liquor n • Sth, S Midl, esp GA

      stump mover n • Sth, S Midl

      stump sucker n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      stump-tail(ed) cow in flytime n • esp Sth, S Midl

      stump water n 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      stump water n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *subpoena n, v (pronc) • widespread exc Sth |səˈpini, -nɪ| and (for past, past pple) |səˈpinid, -nɪd| (MAP)

      subpoena n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |səˈpiniə, -jə|

      such adj, adv, pron A1 (pronc) • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      such adj, adv, pron A2 (pronc) • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      such pron B2 • orig chiefly Sth, S Midl; now more widespread

      suck-egg adj • chiefly Sth, Midl

      suck-egg adj 1a • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      suckhole n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      sug n • Sth, S Midl

      sugar n 3 • esp Sth, S Midl

      sugar n 4 • esp Sth

      sugar ant n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, TX (MAP)

      sugar-booger n • esp Sth

      sugar foot n 1 • esp Sth, West

      sugar mule n • chiefly Sth

      sugar tit n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      suit n 2 • scattered, but now more freq Sth, Midl

      sull v • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      sumac n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl chiefly rural |ˈšume(ɪ)k|

      sumblesault n • esp Sth

      sumbleset n • esp Sth

      summer duck n 1 • chiefly Sth

      summons v • chiefly NEast, Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      sundown n • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      sun-pain n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sunrising n • esp Sth, S Midl

      sup n • now esp Sth, S Midl

      sure adj, adv 2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sure enough adv phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sure enough adv phr 2 • chiefly Sth, NEng

      sure enough adv phr 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      sure-enough adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      suspect v • esp Sth, S Midl

      suspicion v • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      swag n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      swag n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      swag n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      swag v 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      swage v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      swagger-tail(ed) coat n • esp Sth

      swallow n2, v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |ˈswɑlɚ|

      swallow n2 B • esp Sth, S Midl

      swallow v Ca • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      swallow fork n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      swamp angel n 3 • esp Sth, S Midl

      swamp blueberry n c • Sth

      swamp canary n 1 • Sth

      swamp cypress n • chiefly Sth

      swamper n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      swamp flag n • Sth

      swamp grape n • Sth

      swamp owl n 1 • chiefly Sth, esp Gulf States

      swamp red oak n • Sth, S Midl

      swanny v • chiefly Sth, S Midl; formerly also NEng (MAP)

      swap ends v phr 2a • Sth, West

      swap work v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX, OK (MAP)

      swarthy adj • Sth, S Midl

      swear v C2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      *sweat v Aa • widespread, but somewhat less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      sweat v Ab • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      sweep n 1 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      sweet bread n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      sweet milk n • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      sweet pea n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sweet-potato pie n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      sweet-potato pudding n • chiefly Sth

      sweetening n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sweetheart v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      sweet tea n • chiefly Sth

      swell v 3b (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      swift-jack n • chiefly Sth

      swift water n • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl, NEast (MAP)

      swim v A1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      swim v A1b • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      swim v A1c • widespread, but esp Sth, S Midl, OK, TX (MAP)

      swim v A2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      swim v A2b • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      swimmy-headed adj • Sth, S Midl

      swing blade n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      swinge v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      swish broom n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      switch, hide the n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      swivet n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      swizzled ppl adj2 • Sth, S Midl

      syrup n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |ˈsʌrəp, sɝp|

      syrup biscuit n • chiefly Sth

      syrup cake n • chiefly Sth

      syrup house n 1 • chiefly Sth

      tackle n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl, TX |tɪk%Ul|

      tacky adj1 2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tacky adj1 3 • chiefly Sth

      tacky n 1 • chiefly Sth

      tacky n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      tacky party n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tad n1 2 • formerly chiefly Sth, S Midl, now widespread (MAP)

      tadpoles, rain v phr • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      take v A1a • chiefly Sth

      take v A2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      take v A2c • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      take v A3b • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      take v A3d • chiefly Sth

      take v A2d • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      take v B1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl, MO, OK, TX (MAP)

      take v B4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      take down v phr b • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      take in v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      take low v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      take on v phr • chiefly Sth; also S Midl, NEast (MAP)

      take up v phr 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      take up v phr 6 • esp Sth, S Midl

      take up v phr 8 • chiefly Sth, esp LA (MAP)

      tallboy n 1 • chiefly Sth, West

      tall cotton n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *tap n1 1 • widespread, but less freq nNEng, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tap n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tap n2 2 • widespread, but esp freq Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      tapstick n • esp Sth

      tassel flower n 2 • esp Sth

      taste v, n A1 (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      taste v, n A2 (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      ta-ta exclam • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      taw line n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West (MAP)

      tea cake n • chiefly Sth

      tear down v phr • chiefly Sth

      tear up v phr 2 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      tear up v phr 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tear up v phr 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *tea towel n • widespread, but less freq NEng, Sth (MAP)

      tee-hiney n • esp Sth

      teenchy adj • chiefly Sth

      tee-nincy adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tee-niny adj • Sth, S Midl, esp SC (MAP)

      teensy adj • formerly Sth, S Midl, now widespread, but less freq NEng

      tee-tee v, n • chiefly Sth

      tee-tiny adj • Sth, S Midl

      tell v B1a • Sth

      tell v C1 • formerly chiefly Sth, Midl, now widespread

      tell v C4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ten n, adj (pronc) • Sth, S Midl |tɪn|

      tendable adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Tennessee n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |̩tɪnəˈsi, ˈtɛnə̩si, ˈtɪn-|

      tennie-pump n • chiefly Sth

      tennis n • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      terrapin n B1 • chiefly Sth, Midl, TX (MAP)

      terrible adj, adv (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl, NEng |ˈtɝəb(ə)l, ˈtɝb(ə)l|

      terrify v B • esp Sth

      tester n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈtistə(r)|

      tetchous adj • Sth, S Midl

      tetchy adj • formerly widespread, now esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tetter n1 • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      Texas n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈtɛksz, -əz|

      text n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈtɛks(t)ɪz|

      that pron, conj, adv, art A1a • esp Sth, S Midl

      that adv B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      that conj C2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      theater n (pronc) • freq Sth, S Midl |ˈɵi̩etə(r), ɵiˈe-|

      theirn pron • esp NEng, Sth, S Midl

      theirselves pron • chiefly nNEng, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      them pron, adj (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |ðɪm|

      them pron B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl; also NEng

      them pron B2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      them adj C1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl; also NEng

      there adv, adj, pron A2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      there adv, adj, pron A4 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl; also NEng

      they pron2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      they adj • Sth, S Midl

      theyselves pron • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      thickened gravy n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      thimble n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      thing n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |ɵæŋ, ɵɛŋ, ɵiŋ|

      think v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |ɵe(ɪ)ŋk, ɵæŋk|

      think v B2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      think v C1 • Sth, S Midl

      third and fourth n • chiefly Sth

      thisaway adv • scattered, but more freq Atlantic, Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      thob v, n • Sth, S Midl

      those pron, adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, NYC..|doz|

      though prep1, adv (pronc) • chiefly Sth..|do|

      thought coming, have another v phr • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      thousand-legs n • scattered, but esp freq Sth, Midl (MAP)

      thrash n1 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      thrash n3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      thrip n • esp Sth, S Midl

      throat n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |ɵot|

      through adv, prep 1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      throw v A1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      throw v C1 • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      throw v C2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      throw off v phr 4 • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      thunder n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      thunderwood n 1 • Sth, esp GA (MAP)

      tick-a-lock exclam • esp Sth, S Midl

      tickle bone n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tickle box n • esp Sth, S Midl

      tickler n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ticky adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tiger n B1 • chiefly Sth, SW

      tight-eye n1 • Sth

      tight-shoe day n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      till prep, conj A1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      till prep, conj A2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      till conj C1a • chiefly Sth

      time n C1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      time conj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      timid adj • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tinesy adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tip v • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      tit for tat adj phr • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tit-tat-too n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      titty n2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      titty baby n • Sth, S Midl

      T-model Ford adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      to prep, adv A1a (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp VA

      to prep B7 • Sth, S Midl

      to prep B8 • scattered, but somewhat more freq Sth, S Midl

      to prep B9a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      to prep B9b • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      to prep B10 • esp Sth, S Midl

      to prep B16 • esp Sth, S Midl

      toad-frog n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      toad-frogs, rain v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      toad sack n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tobacco n A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tobacco fly n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tobacco gum n • Sth

      toboggan n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl; also Inland Nth

      toby n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tod n • esp Sth, S Midl

      toe itch n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      toggle worm n • Sth

      toilet n 3 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, NEng

      told, get one v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tolerable adj, adv B • chiefly Sth, S Midl; also NEng

      toll v1 1 • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl

      tomato n A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tomato n A4 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tomato n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tomcat v • widespread, but esp freq Sth, S Midl

      tommytoe n • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tom walkers n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tone v1 • chiefly Sth

      tongue n 2 • chiefly Sth

      toothbrush n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tooth dentist n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tooth doctor n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      top of the pot n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      torch pine n • Sth

      torment n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      torn down adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      torn up adj phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tote v A1 • widespread, but somewhat more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tote v A4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tote v A5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tote v A7 • Sth, S Midl

      tote v A8 • chiefly Sth

      tote v B1 • Sth, S Midl

      tote v B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tote v B3 • esp Sth

      tote v B5 • esp Sth

      tote v B6 • esp Sth

      tote sack n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tother pron, adj • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl

      tottle v 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      touch v, n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |tɛč|

      touch v, n B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      touch v C2 • esp Sth, S Midl, IL (MAP)

      touchous adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      touchous adj 2 • Sth, S Midl

      tourister n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      toward prep A (pronc) • esp Sth |tod(z)|

      towel n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |tæl, tɑl, tɔl|

      town n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |tæ^Un|

      town ball n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      town dude n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      town sparrow n • esp Sth

      tow sack n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX, OK

      toy n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      toy n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      trace chain n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      train, smoke like a v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tramp snow v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      transport truck n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tree v 3 • esp Sth, S Midl

      trembles n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      trick n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      trick n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      trick doctor n • Sth, S Midl

      trifle on v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      trifling adj 1 • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      trifling adj 2 • Sth, S Midl

      trough n A1 (pronc) • scattered, but esp Sth, Midl (MAP)

      trout n 2a • Sth, S Midl

      trout n 2b • chiefly Sth

      trout-fish n • formerly widespread, now esp Sth, S Midl

      truck n1 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      truck n1 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      trumpet n 1 • Sth

      trumpetleaf n • Sth

      truth n • Sth

      try v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Tuesday n (pronc) • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl |ˈtjuz̩de, -̩dɪ|

      Tuesday n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈč(ɪ)uz̩de, -̩dɪ|

      tumble v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      tumblebug n 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, Midl

      tumbleturd n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tump v2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tune up v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      tupelo n • chiefly Sth

      tupelo gum n • Sth, S Midl

      turkeyberry n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      turkeyberry n 2 • Sth

      turkey oak n • Sth

      turkey trot n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      turn off v phr 2 • scattered, but esp Sth, Midl

      turn v A • Sth, S Midl turnt

      turn v C4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      turning plow n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      turn out v phr 1 • chiefly Sth

      turn out v phr 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      turnrow n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      turn shovel n • chiefly Sth

      turpentine n B • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      turpentine v C • chiefly Sth

      turtle n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈtɜ(r)k%Ul, ˈtʌk%Ul|

      turtledove n • now esp Missip Valley, Sth (MAP)

      tush n C1 • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth, W Midl, Cent, TX; scattered NEast, Gt Lakes (MAP)

      tush hog n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      tush hog n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      twice adv, adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |twaɪst|

      twist n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Midl, Sth, SW (MAP)

      twister n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      two n, adj, pron (pronc) • chiefly NEast, Sth |tju, tiu|

      two-by-four adj • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      two-eyed cat n • esp Sth, S Midl

      two-mule adj • chiefly Sth

      ugly adj B1 • chiefly NEast, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      ugly adj B3 • formerly more widespread; now chiefly Sth (MAP)

      ugly n D1b • esp Sth

      umbrella n A2a (pronc) • widespread, but esp Midl, Sth, SW (MAP)

      uncle n 1a • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      uncle n 1b • Sth, S Midl

      *uncle n 2 • widespread, but somewhat less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      uncrunk(ed) adj • esp Sth

      under adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      underbody n • Sth, S Midl

      underpend v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      under the doctor prep phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      unfinancial adj 2 • chiefly Sth

      unions n pl 2 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      unlessen conj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      unsweet tea n • Sth, S Midl

      unthoughted adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      until conj C1 • Sth, S Midl

      up-country adv phr • esp NEng, Sth

      up East adv phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      upland moccasin n • Sth

      upside prep 1a • esp Sth

      upside prep 1b • formerly Sth, now widespread

      upwards adv • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      us pron (pronc) • Sth, S Midl |ɝs|

      us pron B1 • Sth

      use v A1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      use v B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      used to v phr C2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      usen v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      using-ground n • esp Sth, S Midl

      us’s adj • esp Sth

      usself pron • chiefly Sth

      V-harrow n • esp Sth, S Midl

      vigrous adj • Sth, S Midl

      villain n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈvɪljən|

      -ville suff (pronc) • Sth, S Midl |-vəl, -v%Ul|

      vine okra n • Sth

      Virginia n (pronc) • chiefly Sth |və(r)ˈɪni|

      Virginia fence n • chiefly NEng, Sth

      vomit n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈvɑmɪk| (MAP)

      voodoo n • orig esp New Orleans LA; now scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      voodoo v • orig esp New Orleans LA; now esp Sth

      wag v • Sth, S Midl

      wagon greasing n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      wagon wheel n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, Missip-Ohio Valleys (MAP)

      waiter n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      wait on v phr 1 • chiefly NEast, Sth

      wait on v phr 2 • Sth, S Midl

      wake v 1b • formerly widespread; now scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      wake v 1c • esp Sth, S Midl

      wake v 2b • widespread, but esp Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      Walker hound n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *walking plow n • widespread, but less freq Sth (MAP)

      walk, strong enough to adj phr • chiefly Sth, Midl, TX (MAP)

      wall v • Sth, S Midl

      wallet n 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      wallet n 1b • Sth, S Midl

      wallet n 2 • widespread, but more freq NEast, N Cent; also Sth, West (MAP)

      wallop v • Sth, S Midl

      wallow n, v (pronc) • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl |ˈwɑlə(r)|

      wallow n, v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      wallow n, v B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      wallow n, v B4 • esp Sth, S Midl

      wallow n, v B7a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      walnut n (pronc) • chiefly sNEng, Sth, S Midl |ˈwɔnət|

      walnut n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |wɔrnət|

      wampus n2 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      wander v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      want v1 (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |wont|

      want v1 B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      War between the States n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      War for Southern Independence n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      warrant v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      wash n, v B • Sth, S Midl

      washateria n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, West, esp TX, LA

      washers n • Sth, S Midl

      wash-hole n • Sth, S Midl

      wasp n 1a (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      wasp n 1b (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      wasp n 2a (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      wasp n 2b (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      wasp n 2c (pronc) • esp Sth

      wasp n 2d (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      wasp nest n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      waste v 1 • esp Sth

      waste v 3 • chiefly Sth (MAP)

      waste n • Sth, S Midl

      waste up v phr • chiefly Sth

      water n, v B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      water buzzard n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      water frog n • esp Sth

      water gap n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp KY

      water gap n 3 • Sth, West

      water gravy n • esp Sth, S Midl

      water haul n • scattered, but chiefly Midl, Sth, TX (MAP)

      water jack n • esp Sth, S Midl

      watermelon cutting n • Sth, S Midl

      water oak n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      water rattle n • chiefly Sth

      water shelf n • Sth, S Midl

      we-all pron 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      we-all pron 2 • Sth, S Midl

      we-all’s adj, pron2 • chiefly Sth

      wear v B1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      wear v B3b • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl, Cent (MAP)

      wear v C1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      weasly adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      *weasy adj • scattered exc Sth (MAP)

      weather v • Sth, S Midl

      weatherboard n • chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      weave v A1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      web wire n • esp Sth, S Midl

      wedge n1 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      weed one’s own row v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      weed sling n • Sth, S Midl

      weedy adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West (MAP)

      week n1 A • esp Sth, S Midl

      week n1 Ba • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      week n1 Bb • Sth, S Midl

      well intj (pronc) • esp NEng, Sth, S Midl |wɑl|

      wet adj 2 • chiefly Sth, West (MAP)

      whack n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      whang n3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      what and all pron 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      what for adv phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      whatness, of a adj phr • esp Sth

      whatsomever pron • now esp Sth

      wheelbarrow n • DARE..shows aspirated |hwil-| forms..more common in the Sth

      wheelbarrow n 2 (pronc) • scattered, but chiefly Sth, Midl (MAP)

      wheelbarrow seed n • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      whelk n • Sth, S Midl

      whelp n, v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      whelt n, v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      whenever conj a • Sth, S Midl, wPA

      whenever conj b • Sth, S Midl

      whensomever conj • esp Sth, S Midl

      where adv, conj, pron A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      where adv, conj, pron A2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      where conj C1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      where-all adv • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      where it doesn’t snow n • esp Sth, TX (MAP)

      wheresomever adv • esp Sth, S Midl

      whet n • Sth, S Midl

      whether conj 2 • Sth, S Midl

      which pron 1 • Sth, S Midl

      which pron 2 • Sth, S Midl

      which conj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      which and way, every adv phr • esp Sth

      whichaway(s) adv • scattered, but more freq Sth, Midl, TX, N Cent (MAP)

      which from tother pron phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      whicker n2 • Sth, S Midl

      whickerbill n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      whiles conj • esp Sth, S Midl

      whindle v • Sth, S Midl

      whip v, n A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      whip v, n A2 (pronc) • esp Sth

      whip v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      whip v B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      whippoorwill pea n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      whippoorwill winter n • Sth, S Midl

      whip-popper n • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      whipstick n • esp Sth, Midl (MAP)

      whipstitch n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      whirling jenny n • esp Sth

      whiskey house n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      whiskey-palian n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      white acre pea n • Sth

      white gravy n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      white lightning n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, Midl, SW (MAP)

      white liquor n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      white liver n • esp Sth, S Midl

      white meat n • chiefly Sth, esp AL

      whitening n • Sth, S Midl

      white potato n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      white side meat n • Sth, S Midl

      white squash n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      white sumac n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      White trash n • orig Sth, S Midl; now widely known

      white whiskey n • Sth, S Midl

      whitleather n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      whitleather n 3 • chiefly Sth

      whizzing adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      who-all pron 1a • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      who laid the rail phr 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      whole adj, n (pronc) • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl |hʌl|

      whomper-jawed adj 1 • Midl, Sth, TX (MAP)

      whomper-jawed adj 2 • chiefly Midl, Sth, TX (MAP)

      whoo exclam • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      whooee exclam 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      whooee exclam 3 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      whoop n C1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      whore-hop v phr, • esp Sth, S Midl

      why come adv phr • esp Sth

      wicked adj • esp NEast, Sth

      wide place in the road n • chiefly Midl, Sth, West (MAP)

      widow n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |ˈwɪdɚ|

      widow n B2 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      widower n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl..|ˈwɪdərə(r)| (MAP)

      widowman n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      widow woman n 1 • formerly widespread, now esp Midl, Sth (MAP)

      wienie n • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, N Cent, West (MAP)

      wiggletail n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX, OK (MAP)

      wiggletail n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      wild buckwheat n 2 • chiefly Sth, SW

      *wild canary n 1 • widespread, but less freq Sth (MAP)

      wild cotton n 3a • chiefly Sth

      wild honeysuckle n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      wild okra n 1 • esp Sth

      wild poinsettia n • chiefly Sth, Midl

      William n • scattered, but more freq Sth, S Midl

      willipus-wallipus n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      willipus-wallipus n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      win v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl winned

      winding adv • Sth, S Midl

      winding blades n pl • chiefly Sth, Midl

      wing-footed adj • esp Sth

      winny n • esp Sth

      wire grass n 2e • chiefly Sth, SW

      wire road n • Sth, S Midl

      wish v, n A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth

      witches’ stirrup n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      with prep, adv A3 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      with prep, adv A4 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      with prep B1 • esp NEast, Sth, S Midl

      without prep, adv, conj A1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      without conj B • chiefly NEast, Sth, S Midl

      withouten prep, conj • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp sAppalachians

      wolf n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      woman n A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      woman n B2 • Sth, S Midl

      woman-person n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      woodchuck n 2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      woods burned, since the adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      woods child n • esp Sth, S Midl

      woods colt n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      woods colt n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      wool-gathered adj • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      wool hat n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp S Atl

      wool, pull v phr • chiefly Sth

      wopsided adj, adv • formerly scattered, now chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      work v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      work v 2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      work v 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, Cent (MAP)

      work down v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      worked down adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      workhorse n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      working n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      world, go (all the way) around the v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      worm n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      worm n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp sAppalachians

      worm tree n • Sth

      worry v, n B2 • formerly widespread; now chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      worrywart n • Sth, S Midl

      wrinkledy adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      write v B1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      write v B1c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      write v B2a • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      writing spider n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      wrop v • esp Sth, S Midl

      wup exclam • esp Sth, S Midl

      -y suff1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      yahoo n • widespread, but somewhat more freq Sth, S Midl

      Yankee cotton n • esp Sth

      Yankee dime n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp AL (MAP)

      Yankee minute n • esp Sth, S Midl

      Yankee shot you, where the n • Sth, S Midl

      yard broom n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      yard egg n • esp Sth, S Midl

      year n1 B • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      yellow adj, n1 A1 (pronc) • scattered, but esp freq Sth, S Midl

      yellow adj, n1 A2 (pronc) • widespread, but esp freq Sth, S Midl

      yellow adj, n1 A5 (pronc) • esp Sth

      yellow n1 B • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, OK, TX (MAP)

      yellow-breasted lark n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      yellowhammer n 1 • widespread, but esp freq Sth

      yellowhammer n 4 • esp Sth

      yerk v, n • esp Sth, S Midl

      yes adv 1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      yesterday adv, n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEast |ˈjɪstɪ̩dɪ|

      yet adv, conj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl |jɪt|

      yet adv, conj B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      yet adv, conj B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      yon adj, pron, adv, n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl |jæn|

      yon adj, pron, adv, n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp sAppalachians

      yonder adv, adj, n A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      yonder adv, adj, n A5 (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      yonder adv, adj, n A6 • chiefly Sth

      yonder adv B1 • widespread, but more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      yonder adv B3 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      yonder adv B4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      yonder n Da • chiefly Sth

      yonder n Db • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      yonkapin n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      you pron1 A2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      you pron1 B1b • esp Sth, S Midl

      you-all pron, adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      you-alls pron1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      you-all’s adj, pron2 • Sth, S Midl

      you-alls’s adj, pron • Sth, S Midl

      young one n • esp Sth, S Midl

      your adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl yo(ah), yore

      your-all’s adj, pron • Sth, S Midl

      yourn pron • esp NEng, Sth, S Midl

      yourns pron • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      zip n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      zoon v 2 • Sth, S Midl, esp GA

South Atlantic

      Adam’s housecat n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      ain’t v1 • Mid Atl, S Atl

      A.K. v • S Atl

      all around adv phr • S Atl

      alley n1 2 • chiefly S Atl

      alligator cooter n • chiefly S Atl

      alligator hole n • S Atl

      alligator terrapin n • S Atl

      alligator wampee n • S Atl

      all two adj, pron, conj • S Atl, esp SC, GA coasts

      amberfish n • S Atl

      amberjack n 2 • S Atl

      *Annie-over n, exclam • widespread, but least freq in NEng, S Atl (MAP)

      aplenty n • chiefly S Atl, Midl

      artichoke pickle n • S Atl, esp SC

      artichoke relish n • S Atl, esp SC

      baby stroller n • esp S Atl

      back and to adv phr • now chiefly S Atl

      bateau n B2 • chiefly C and S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      bay n3 1 • chiefly S Atl

      bay n3 2 • S Atl, esp seGA, neFL

      bedroom shoe n • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl (MAP)

      bell a buzzard v phr • chiefly Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      bellows v C • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      belly girt n • chiefly NEng, S Atl (MAP)

      biddy n1 1 • chiefly NEng, S Atl

      biddy n3 • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl

      bird-eye pepper n • S Atl, Gulf States

      black ankle n • chiefly S Atl

      black drum n • chiefly C and S Atl

      black frost n 1 • chiefly NEast, Gt Lakes, C and S Atl, CA (MAP)

      blessing n • chiefly S Atl, Inland Sth (MAP)

      block-house n • S Atl

      boogerman n 3 • S Atl

      bootjack n 2 • chiefly S Atl

      bothered up ppl adj • S Atl

      both two pron • esp S Atl

      box v1 • esp S Atl

      brad n2 1 • S Atl

      brass on one’s face, have v phr • chiefly S Atl

      breakfast bacon n • chiefly Mid and S Atl

      bright adj 1 • chiefly S Atl, S Midl

      brownie n1 1 • chiefly S Atl, esp SC (MAP)

      buck n4 • S Atl

      buck naked adj • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      bug n1 5b • chiefly Mid and S Atl, SW (MAP)

      bullace n 2 • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl

      bullbat n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States, SW, scattered S Midl (MAP)

      bunch grape n • chiefly S Atl

      bush and bog n • chiefly S Atl

      butt-head n • chiefly S Atl, AL (MAP)

      butt-headed adj • chiefly S Atl

      camphor weed n 3 • S Atl and Gulf States

      can’t-help-it n • chiefly S Atl

      carrion crow n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Inland Sth (MAP)

      cassena n • chiefly S Atl

      cat squirrel n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      cavalla n • S Atl and Gulf coasts

      cavally n • S Atl and Gulf coasts

      centipede grass n • S Atl, HI

      certain adv B1 • esp NEng, also C and S Atl

      certain adv B3 • chiefly Mid and S Atl, NEng, Ohio Valley

      cham-chack n • chiefly S Atl

      cherry laurel n • chiefly S Atl

      Chinaberry n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      China tree n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States

      chip v 1 • S Atl

      chitterling strut n • S Atl

      chunk v 2 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      clay-eater n • chiefly S Atl

      clay road n • scattered east of Missip R, esp S Atl (MAP)

      clearseed n • chiefly Gulf States, S Atl (MAP)

      clodknocker n • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl

      coachwhip snake n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      *coal oil n • widespread, but least freq in Nth, S Atl (MAP)

      co-calf(ie) v phr • esp S Atl

      cod n1 2 • S Atl coast

      co-ee v phr • chiefly C Atl, S Atl

      coffeeweed n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States

      Confederate War n • chiefly S Atl

      conjure n • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl

      coon oyster n • chiefly S Atl, esp FL

      cooter n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States, esp SC

      cooter n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States, esp SC (MAP)

      corn barn n • esp NEng, S Atl

      corn dodger n 2 • chiefly S Atl, eVA

      corn muffin n • scattered, but chiefly Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      corn stick n • chiefly S Atl, Inland Sth (MAP)

      cossie v • esp Mid Atl, S Atl

      country n B2d • chiefly S Atl, esp SC (MAP)

      country n B2e • S Atl

      co-wench v phr • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      cowitch n 3 • esp S Atl

      cracker n 2 • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      cranberry bean n • scattered, but esp NEast, S Atl

      crawl n2 • S Atl

      creek n1 B3 • chiefly S Atl

      crevalle n a • esp S Atl, but also Pacific coast

      crink n • scattered, but esp S Atl (MAP)

      crocus sack n • chiefly S and Mid Atl (MAP)

      croker sack n • chiefly Gulf States, S Atl (MAP)

      curd n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Gulf States, S Atl, NEast (MAP)

      cut the fool v phr • chiefly S Atl

      diamondback terrapin n • chiefly C and S Atl

      *dinner n 1b • widespread, but less freq Lower Missip Valley, S Atl (MAP)

      dip n1 4 • S Atl

      Dixie boy (plow) n • S Atl

      do v B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Mid and S Atl

      do v C1c • chiefly S Atl

      do v C2b • chiefly S Atl

      *dog n1 B5a • scattered, but less freq S Atl (MAP)

      dog fly n 1 • chiefly C and S Atl, AL (MAP)

      doily n B1 • S Atl

      dope n 4 • chiefly S Atl, esp SC (MAP)

      double singletree n • scattered, but esp C and S Atl (MAP)

      *doughball n 2 • scattered, but less freq NEast, C and S Atl, Pacific (MAP)

      draggy adj 2 • chiefly Midl, S Atl (MAP)

      drain n1 C2 • scattered, but esp Mid and S Atl

      dross n • chiefly S Atl

      English duck n • chiefly S Atl

      fairy stone n • chiefly Mid and S Atl

      fatback n 2b • S Atl

      fault n, v • chiefly Mid and S Atl

      feed up v phr • chiefly Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      ferry-flat n • esp Missip-Ohio Valleys, S Atl

      fescue n • chiefly S Midl, S Atl (MAP)

      filibuster v • Mid and S Atl

      find v B1 • chiefly NEast, S Atl

      firedog n • scattered, but esp freq sAppalachians, S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      fire iron n 1 • chiefly Gulf States, S Atl, N Cent (MAP)

      first dark n • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl

      fish basket n • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      fix v B3 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      fleech v • S Atl

      flip-flop n 2 • esp N Midl, S Atl (MAP)

      fram v • S Atl

      French mockingbird n 2 • S Atl, Gulf States

      fuss-box n • chiefly Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      gall n2 1 • esp S Atl

      gallinipper n 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp S Atl (MAP)

      gator n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States

      geechee n • chiefly S Atl

      geechy adj • chiefly S Atl

      Georgia wiggler n • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      *get v C2 • widespread, but less freq S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      get behind v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp S Atl (MAP)

      gin house n • chiefly S Atl

      give in v phr 1 • esp S Atl

      givey adj 1 • chiefly Mid and S Atl

      glade n 1 • esp Midl and S Atl

      going to bed adj phr • S Atl (MAP)

      granddaddy graybeard n 2 • chiefly Gulf States, S Atl

      grits n pl 1b • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      ground pea n 1 • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      guano n B • chiefly S Atl

      guano sack n • chiefly C and S Atl

      guard n, v (pronc) • esp Mid and S Atl

      guinea wasp n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      gunja n • chiefly S Atl

      gutter n1 2 • esp NEng, S Atl

      hack n1 2 • chiefly S Atl

      hack v4 • esp S Atl, Gulf States

      hail-over n, exclam • S Atl, Gulf States (MAP and Map Section)

      hairy head n • chiefly C and S Atl

      *handspring n a • widespread, but less freq S Atl

      happy adj 3 • Mid and S Atl

      harvest flow n • S Atl

      hear v A2d • chiefly S Atl

      *hickey n2 a • scattered, but less freq NEng, S Atl

      highland adj • chiefly S Atl

      highland terrapin n 1 • chiefly Gulf States, S Atl

      high yellow n • scattered, but chiefly C and S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      hog bear n • chiefly S Atl

      hog’s head cheese n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast, esp S Atl, Gulf States (MAP and Map Section)

      hog wire n • scattered, but esp S Atl, Gulf States, Cent (MAP)

      hole n 1a • esp S Atl

      hominy n B1 • formerly widespread, now chiefly Atlantic, esp S Atl (MAP)

      hopping John n 1 • chiefly S Atl, esp SC, GA (MAP)

      hornyhead n a • esp S Atl

      hound dog n 2 • scattered, but esp Lower Missip Valley, TX, S Atl (MAP)

      house n, v (pronc) • chiefly Atlantic, esp NEng, Mid and S Atl

      howsomever adv 1 • scattered, but chiefly S and C Atl, S Midl

      hull n B2a(7) • chiefly S Atl, esp GA

      hummock n 2 • chiefly S Atl, esp FL (MAP)

      hurrah bush n • S Atl, esp GA

      hurrah’s nest n 1 • now esp S Atl

      hurricane n A2b (pronc) • chiefly Appalachians, Mid and S Atl

      hurt v B • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp S Atl

      in prep B7 • scattered, but chiefly S Atl, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      into prep B1 • chiefly NEast, S Atl

      jack n1 24a(1) • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      jackdaw n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      Jack-in-the-bush n 2 • esp Mid and S Atl

      jaded adj • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States

      jamb n • S Atl

      jelly doughnut n • widespread, but esp freq NEast, S Atl, CA (MAP)

      jewfish n 1a • S Atl, Gulf States

      jewfish n 1b • S Atl, Gulf States

      jiggering vbl n • esp S Atl

      jim-crow card n • S Atl

      johnny house n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      joint grass n 1 • scattered, but esp Mid and S Atl

      jook n 2 • orig FL, later chiefly Gulf States, S Atl (MAP)

      jook v3 • chiefly S Atl, esp FL

      jump n 2 • S Atl

      Kate n • S Atl

      keg n, v A3 (pronc) • esp S Atl, Gulf States

      kernel n 1 • chiefly C and S Atl; also Gulf States (MAP and Map Section)

      key n 3 • chiefly S Atl, AL (MAP and Map Section)

      kick v B1 • chiefly sAppalachians, S Atl (MAP)

      king mackerel n • S Atl, Gulf States

      *kraut n 2 • widespread, but less freq Mid and S Atl, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      lark n1 1 • scattered, but chiefly C and S Atl

      last-go-trade n • chiefly Mid and S Atl, WV (MAP)

      laying-by time n • chiefly S Atl

      lazy boy n 1 • esp S Atl, Inland Sth

      -left suff • S Atl

      let v A2a • chiefly S Atl

      level n • chiefly Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      light v2 2 • scattered, but esp S Atl, sAppalachians (MAP)

      lightwood n1 • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl (MAP)

      lightwood-knot floater n • esp S Atl

      liken vbl aux • esp S Atl

      live in adultery v phr • scattered, but chiefly W Midl, S Atl (MAP)

      liver pudding n • chiefly S and Mid Atl (MAP)

      log cart n • esp C and S Atl (MAP)

      loggerhead n 5b • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      lull v • chiefly Mid and S Atl, nNEng

      maiden cane n • S Atl, Gulf States

      marsh tacky n • chiefly S Atl, esp SC

      master n • chiefly S Atl coast, among Black speakers, obs, maus(sa), mossa

      maw n1 1 • chiefly Gulf States, Mid and S Atl

      mayapple n 2 • esp S Atl, Inland Sth

      maybird n 2 • chiefly S Atl, esp SC

      minister’s face n1 • esp NEng, S Atl

      mole bean n 2 • esp S Midl, S Atl

      Molly Bright n • Mid and S Atl

      monkey n1 B5 • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      monkey bite n 1 • chiefly CA, also C and S Atl (MAP)

      mosquito fly n • esp Gulf States, S Atl

      mother dear n • chiefly Gulf States, S Atl (MAP)

      mouth organ n 1 • widespread, but chiefly Inland Nth, C Atl; also S Atl, SW (MAP and Map Section)

      muffle-jawed adj 1 • esp S Atl

      mutton corn n • chiefly S Atl, esp SC

      newground n 1a • chiefly C and S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      *nicker n1, v • widespread exc NEast, Gt Lakes; less freq S Atl (MAP and Map Section)

      nig n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States

      nigger killer n 1 • chiefly S Atl, AL

      nut grass n 1 • scattered, but chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      on prep B9 • chiefly S and Mid Atl, PA (MAP)

      *Osage orange n • widespread exc S Atl, Inland Sth, Gulf States (MAP)

      pap n 1 • chiefly Midl, S Atl (MAP)

      parrot-toed adj • chiefly Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      parson’s nose n • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      pee-jib n • esp S Atl, Inland Sth (MAP)

      periagua n • chiefly S Atlantic coast

      piazza n • chiefly NEast, S Atl (MAP)

      piccolo n • chiefly S Atl; also NYC

      pig picking n • chiefly S Atl

      pigoo exclam • chiefly OH Valley, Gulf States, S Atl (MAP)

      *pigtail exclam a • scattered, but less freq NEast, S Atl (MAP)

      pinder n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      pine barren n • C and S Atl

      pine snake n 1 • chiefly Mid and S Atl, Cent

      piney-woods rooter n • S Atl, Gulf States

      pipjenny n • esp Delmarva, S Atl (MAP)

      *pit n2 1a • widespread, but somewhat less freq Mid and S Atl, W Midl (MAP)

      pluffer n • S Atl

      *Podunk n 1 • scattered, but less freq C and S Atl, West (MAP)

      pogy n 1 • chiefly nNEng, S Atl, Gulf States

      pompano n 1 • S Atl, Gulf States

      poop v, n • widespread, but more freq NEng, NY, Gt Lakes, S Atl, West (MAP)

      potato pone n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States

      pudding n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Midl, Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      rat snake n 1 • chiefly Gulf States, S Atl (MAP)

      rattle n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States

      red bass n • chiefly S Atl

      redbreast n 2 • S Atl (MAP)

      redfin pickerel n • chiefly S Atl

      red snapper n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States

      remembrance n • S Atl, Gulf States

      rice n (pronc) • esp Mid and S Atl |rəɪs|

      rice n (pronc) • esp S Atl, Gulf States |ras|

      rock n1 5 • chiefly Upper Missip and Ohio Valleys, C and S Atl (MAP)

      rockfish n 1 • chiefly C and S Atl

      roll-a-bat n • esp S Atl

      room n (pronc) • scattered, but esp NEng, Mid and S Atl, Gulf States |r^Um|

      root the peg n • esp Gulf States, S Atl

      saltwater trout n • S Atl, Gulf States

      sand-and-clay road n • chiefly S Atl, VA (MAP)

      sandlapper n 1 • chiefly S Atl

      savannah n • chiefly S Atl

      saw bench n • esp S and Mid Atl (MAP)

      saw grass n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States

      *saw wood v phr • widespread, but less freq S Atl, Inland Sth, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      sawyer n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      scallion n • scattered, but chiefly NEast, S Atl (MAP)

      schemy adj • esp Mid and S Atl

      *schottische n • widespread exc Appalachians, Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      scissorbill n 1 • S Atl, Gulf States

      scoggin n 2 • chiefly S Atl

      scooter n1 1 • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      scovy n • esp Mid and S Atl

      scow n2 • esp S Atl

      scrape n 2 • S Atl

      scratch n1 2 • esp Mid and S Atl

      scroonch owl n • S Atl

      sedge hen n • chiefly Mid and S Atl

      set horses v phr • chiefly Sth, esp S Atl (MAP)

      setline n • chiefly Inland Nth, S Atl (MAP)

      shed room n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States, TX (MAP)

      shell road n • chiefly C and S Atl, LA, seTX (MAP)

      shine n 2 • scattered, but chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      shivering owl n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      shoofly n 2 • scattered, but esp S Atl

      short-patient adj phr • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      side prep 2 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States

      silverfish n 3 • esp S Atl

      sirsee n • scattered, but chiefly S Atl

      skeester n • esp S Atl

      skipjack n 1a • esp S Atl

      slick calm adj phr • chiefly Mid and S Atl, Gulf States

      slip v 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp S Atl (MAP)

      slow-walk v • chiefly S Atl

      slubber v • esp S Atl

      snap v 3 • esp Mid and S Atl, nNEng (MAP)

      so exclam a • chiefly Nth, N Midl, West; also S Atl (MAP)

      some kind of adv phr • chiefly VA, S Atl

      sometime adj • esp S Atl

      sometimey adj • esp S Atl

      sparkleberry n • chiefly S Atl

      specify v • esp S Atl

      spider n 1 • chiefly Nth; also Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      squinch adj 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States, TX (MAP)

      stable n 2 • esp C and S Atl (MAP)

      stick broom n • chiefly SE, esp S Atl (MAP)

      stick-frog n • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      stool chair n • chiefly Mid and S Atl

      storm pit n • chiefly Gulf States, S Atl (MAP)

      straw n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States, TX (MAP)

      strike v B1 • chiefly S Atl, esp SC

      string v C1 • chiefly S Atl

      stump n1 1 • scattered, but chiefly C and S Atl, Gulf States, TX (MAP)

      stumpknocker n 3 • S Atl

      sugarberry n 1 • chiefly Midl, S Atl

      *summer squash n • widespread, but less freq C and S Atl, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      swamp hog n • S Atl, Gulf States

      sweet myrtle n 1 • Mid and S Atl

      swelltoad n • chiefly Mid and S Atl

      swingletree n • chiefly C and S Atl, Appalachians (MAP)

      tea weed n 2 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States

      timber cart n • chiefly Mid and S Atl

      toadfish n a • chiefly Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      trash mover n 1 • chiefly Mid and S Atl, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      tread-soft(ly) n • S Atl, Gulf States

      turn n 1a • chiefly Mid and S Atl; also Gulf States (MAP)

      turnplow n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States, WV (MAP)

      *vegetable cellar n • scattered, but less freq S Atl, Gulf States, SW (MAP)

      wage hand n • S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      wampee n • chiefly S Atl

      wash-foot Baptist n • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      white oak snake n • chiefly S Atl (MAP)

      white shad n 2 • esp S Atl

      white trout n 1 • chiefly Gulf States, S Atl

      whoop-and-hide n 1 • chiefly S Midl, S Atl (MAP)

      whoop n C2 • scattered, but esp S Atl, Gulf States, Gt Lakes, Upper MW, Pacific (MAP)

      whoop exclam D • esp S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      whooping owl n • esp NEng, S Atl, Ozarks

      wicky n • S Atl

      wiggler n 3 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States (MAP)

      wild arsenic n • VA, S Atl

      wind v • scattered, but esp Mid and S Atl (MAP)

      wind-busted adj • esp S Atl (MAP)

      witch water n • esp S Atl

      woodpecker mill n • chiefly S Atl

      woods rider n • S Atl

      wool hat n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp S Atl

      yard child n 2 • esp S Atl, Gulf States

      yard child n 3 • esp S Atl, Gulf States

      yellow adj C • chiefly C and S Atl, Gulf States

      yellowbreast sunfish n • esp Mid and S Atl, Gulf States

      Zaccheus tree n • esp S Atl

South Carolina

      about prep, adv (pronc) • MD, eVA, eSC

      acknowledge n • SC, GA coasts

      acquaintun ppl adj • SC, GA coasts

      all both pron • chiefly coastal SC

      all two adj, pron, conj • S Atl, esp SC, GA coasts

      and thing conj phr • sSC, GA coast

      answer n • seSC, nGA coast

      artichoke pickle n • S Atl, esp SC

      artichoke relish n • S Atl, esp SC

      ash nan n • SC

      aw adv • sSC, GA coast

      awendaw n • SE, esp SC

      bactize v • SC, GA coasts

      basket name n • sSC, GA coast

      batter n1 • SC

      bay n1 3 • SC, NC

      beat the hound out of v phr • esp SC

      benne n • Sth, esp SC

      big dog n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp SC (MAP and Map Section)

      bird-minder n • SC

      blackbird n 1 • chiefly SC

      Black Bottom n • esp SC

      bloodynoun n • chiefly SC, esp Charleston area

      bluebait n • SC

      blue blazes n a • chiefly Sth, esp SC

      bog n • SC

      boomalally n • SC, esp Charleston

      brass ankle n • chiefly coastal SC

      broadus n • SC, GA coast

      brownie n1 1 • chiefly S Atl, esp SC (MAP)

      bucket candy n • esp SC

      buckra n • chiefly coastal SC and GA

      bum n3 • SC, FL

      bum jacket n • SC

      butt n1 1 • esp SC

      buzzard roost n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp SC, TX (MAP)

      cascade v • esp SC

      case n2 2 • chiefly SC

      catfish stew n • chiefly SC (MAP)

      chair n (pronc) • SC, sNEng, Upstate NY

      Charleston buzzard n • SC

      China brier n • esp in SC

      city sparrow n • chiefly S Midl, esp KY, SC

      co’ n • eSC

      cooter n (pronc) • coastal SC and GA

      cooter n • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States, esp SC

      cooter n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States, esp SC (MAP)

      country n B2d • chiefly S Atl, esp SC (MAP)

      crack one’s teeth v phr • SC, GA coasts

      cripple n2 • Sth, esp SC

      Croatan n • NC, SC

      curly flower n • SC

      day clean n • chiefly SC

      dead v 2 • SC, GA coasts

      dope n 4 • chiefly S Atl, esp SC (MAP)

      down v F4 • esp SC

      drain n2 • eSC

      dry drought n • chiefly GA, SC, Gulf States

      dual lane highway n • chiefly Mid Atl, esp SC

      ear n1 (pronc) • SC, GA

      easy walker n • chiefly Gulf States, SC

      enty interrog exclam • chiefly SC, GA coasts

      eyeball n 1 • NC, SC

      fanner n 1 • chiefly GA, SC

      farkis n • SC

      figeater n • Sth, esp SC

      fool adv • SC

      fowl house n • now esp SC (MAP)

      garage apartment n • scattered, but esp TX, AL, SC

      grand n • chiefly SC, GA

      grandpa n A10 (pronc) • SC

      grease n (pronc) • esp coastal SC, GA, FL

      ground mole n • scattered, but esp SC

      groundnut n (pronc) • chiefly SC

      guano n (pronc) • chiefly GA, SC

      guinea squash n • chiefly SC

      half v C • scattered, but esp SC

      half-a-shirt n • SC

      half hand n 1 • esp SC

      half-rubber n • GA, SC

      handle basket n • SC

      heself pron • chiefly SC

      hill n 3 • esp SC

      hog crawl n • SC, GA

      hoist v C1i(1) • Gulf States, SC

      hopping John n 1 • chiefly S Atl, esp SC, GA (MAP)

      Indian pullet n • chiefly FL, GA, SC

      joggle v 1 • chiefly SC

      joggling board n • chiefly SC, GA

      johnny cockhorse n • SC

      joog v • chiefly SE, esp SC

      Juneberry n 3 • esp SC

      ki intj • esp sSC, GA coast

      lie out v phr 2 • Sth, S Midl, esp sAppalachians, GA, SC (MAP)

      limping Kate n • SC

      limping Susan n • SC

      little adj, n, v • sSC, GA coasts

      liver mush n • NC, SC, GA, TN

      liver nip n • esp SC

      locus preacher n • SC, GA

      ma n A3 (pronc) • esp SC, C Atl (MAP)

      mamma n1 (pronc) • esp SC

      mamma n1 2 • GA, SC

      mannersable adj • esp SC

      marsh tacky n • chiefly S Atl, esp SC

      mawmouth n • chiefly SC

      maybird n 2 • chiefly S Atl, esp SC

      me adj a • sSC, GA coasts

      meet v 1 • sSC coast

      mixed bread n • esp SC

      monkey n1 B4a • SC, NC

      moonshine n 3 • SC

      mosshead n • esp SC

      mutton corn n • chiefly S Atl, esp SC

      no-manners adj • sSC, GA coasts

      okra soup n • chiefly SC (MAP)

      one adv C1 • chiefly coastal SC

      out adv, v, adj, prep, n, exclam (pronc) • eVA, SC

      out v C3 • chiefly eSC, eGA (MAP)

      outen v 1 • chiefly PA; also SC (MAP)

      pa n A3 (pronc) • chiefly Mid Atl, esp SC (MAP)

      packhouse n • esp GA, NC, eSC, VA (MAP)

      palement n • GA, SC

      papa n2 (pronc) • esp SC |ˈpæpə, pəˈpæ|

      passage n • Sth, S Midl, esp SC

      persimmon beer n • chiefly Sth, esp SC (MAP)

      peruse v • Sth, esp SC, GA

      pilau n1 • chiefly SC, GA, FL (MAP)

      pine-bark stew n • NC, SC

      pinto n2 • chiefly SC, GA

      plat-eye n • SC

      pluff adj 1 • chiefly SC

      plunder n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp SC

      poisonberry n 1 • SC

      pontop prep • SC, GA coasts

      poor joe n2 2 • chiefly GA, SC

      potato n A4 (pronc) • esp SC, GA

      praise house n • SC, GA

      pride of India n 1 • esp SC

      pull one’s foot v phr • seSC

      racktify v • esp SC

      redhorse bread n • SC

      rice hook n • esp SC

      roost n 1 • chiefly Gulf States, SC, TX, W Midl, esp IN (MAP)

      sailor’s choice n 1a • esp NC, SC

      salt n 1 • esp SC, GA coasts

      sand chicken n • SC

      sandhiller n 1 • Sth, esp GA, SC

      sanguillah n • SC

      scuppernong n • chiefly SE, esp SC, GA (MAP)

      she-crab soup n • coastal SC

      sheself pron • SC

      she-she talk n • sSC, GA coasts

      shout n 1 • Sth, esp sSC, GA coasts

      shout v 2 • chiefly sSC, GA coasts

      sieva bean n • esp SC

      slipstone n • GA, SC

      soo cat n • SC

      stand v 1 • seSC

      strike v B1 • chiefly S Atl, esp SC

      stump-hole liquor n • Sth, S Midl, esp NC, SC (MAP)

      Summerville Indian n • SC

      sweet pitcher plant n • esp NC, SC

      swonger adj • seSC, eGA

      syrup candy n • chiefly Gulf States, GA, SC (MAP)

      tabby n • SE, esp GA, SC

      table tapper n • esp GA, SC, eNC

      task n • GA, SC

      tee-niny adj • Sth, S Midl, esp SC (MAP)

      toad n 7 • SC, GA coasts

      trash mover n 2 • SE, esp NC, SC

      trotline n 1 • chiefly Gulf States, W Midl, Cent, TX, SC (MAP)

      trunk n 1 • SC

      trust-me-God n • seSC

      Turk n2 • cSC

      tussock liquor n • SC

      we pron • chiefly SC, GA coasts

      we adj • SC, GA coasts

      weather house n • SC, GA, AL

      where adv, conj, pron A3 (pronc) • sSC, GA coast

      whiteshank n • SC

      white shirt n • FL, GA, SC

      worriation n • chiefly Mid Atl, esp SC, NC

      yard ax n 2 • esp SC

      yard child n 1 • SC, GA

      yellowbelly cooter n • chiefly SC, GA (MAP)

South Carolina, Charleston

      bloodynoun n • chiefly SC, esp Charleston area

      boomalally n • SC, esp Charleston

South Dakota

      farmhand n • NW, ND, SD

      hunyak n 2 • MT, ND, SD, WY

      slushburger n • ND, SD

      stone johnny n • esp ND, SD

      stubbleberry n • esp ND, SD

      tavern n • chiefly nwIA, seSD

Southeast

      alligator buttons n • SE

      alligator grass n • chiefly SE

      alligator lily n • SE, esp FL

      amyroot n • prob SE

      apple of Sodom n • SE

      awendaw n • SE, esp SC

      bear foot n • chiefly SE

      bull snake n • formerly widespread SE; now esp Missip-Ohio Valleys and westward (MAP)

      Carolina vanilla n • SE

      cedar moss n • SE

      Cherokee bean n • SE

      cholera n (pronc) • freq in SE, less common in other areas

      chunk v 3 • chiefly SE

      congo eel n 2 • SE

      conjure v • chiefly SE (MAP)

      cowitch n 2 • chiefly SE (MAP)

      cut down ppl adj 1 • chiefly SE

      death owl n • chiefly SE

      deer-tongue n 1 • SE

      dog’s tongue n 3 • chiefly SE

      dollar weed n 1 • chiefly SE

      do what interrog exclam • chiefly SE

      duck n 5 • chiefly SE (MAP)

      dwarf palmetto n 1 • chiefly SE

      elbow, go (all) around one’s v phr • chiefly SE, esp NC (MAP)

      feeder n 5 • chiefly Upper MW, N Cent, SE (MAP)

      fever grass n • SE

      field hawk n • chiefly SE, C Atl

      field pine n 1 • chiefly SE, Gulf States

      flat n1 3 • chiefly Missip and Ohio R Valleys, SE coast

      floating island n 1 • chiefly SE

      flycatcher n 4 • chiefly SE

      flytrap n 2 • chiefly SE

      fodder shower n • SE

      Georgia bark n • chiefly SE

      G.I. haircut n • scattered, but more freq C and Mid Atl, SE (MAP)

      goober n1 1 • widespread, but chiefly SE, Lower Missip Valley, SW (MAP)

      gopher frog n • chiefly SE

      gourdhead n 1 • SE

      *green pepper n 1 • widespread exc SE, Lower Missip Valley (MAP and Map Section)

      hag n 1 • esp SE

      hagride v • esp SE

      hairydick n • chiefly SE

      *handle n B1 • scattered exc SE (MAP)

      hassle v • chiefly SE

      highland moccasin n • chiefly SE (MAP)

      hog-head hash n • esp SE

      horse guard n • chiefly SE

      horse lot n 1 • chiefly SE, Lower Missip Valley, TX (MAP)

      hot stick n • esp SE, Gulf States

      hound’s-tongue n 2 • chiefly SE

      jarhead n 1 • chiefly SE (MAP)

      jasmine n 2a • esp SE

      joog v • chiefly SE, esp SC

      July fly n 1 • chiefly SE (MAP)

      kerosene oil n • scattered, but esp SE, NEast (MAP and Map Section)

      *kitchen broom n • scattered, but less freq C and Mid Atl, SE (MAP)

      last pea in the dish n • chiefly SE (MAP)

      locust beer n • chiefly SE

      loggerhead shrike n • chiefly SE

      long drawers n pl • scattered, but chiefly SE, C Atl, seNY (MAP)

      lord god n 1 • chiefly SE, esp Gulf States (MAP)

      maypop n 1 • chiefly SE, Lower Missip Valley

      mudfish n a • chiefly SE

      mulefoot n2 • esp SE

      nettle rash n • chiefly SE, Lower Missip Valley, TX (MAP)

      popgun elder n • esp SE

      pounding mill n a • SE

      rabbit tobacco n 1a • chiefly SE, VA (MAP)

      raise v C2a • SE

      raise v C2b • esp SE

      red wagon n • chiefly SE (MAP)

      red wiggler n • chiefly SE (MAP)

      reel n • SE

      rise v A1a • chiefly SE, Lower Missip Valley, SW; also NEast (MAP)

      rise v A2b • scattered, but esp SE, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      rooster spur (pepper) n • SE

      rooter n 1 • chiefly SE

      Saint-John’s-weed n • chiefly SE

      sand gnat n • scattered, but chiefly SE (MAP)

      sand martin n 2 • SE

      sandspur n • SE (MAP)

      saw frame n • esp SE (MAP)

      scaly bark n • chiefly SE, Lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      scrap iron n • esp SE

      scratcher n 2 • scattered, but esp Midl, SE (MAP)

      scuppernong n • chiefly SE, esp SC, GA (MAP)

      section harrow n • chiefly Lower Missip Valley, SE (MAP)

      seed-sower n • SE

      setback n 2 • chiefly SE, Mid Atl, Appalachians, CT (MAP)

      set hook n • esp SE

      shirttail n 2 • SE

      shower of rain n • esp SE (MAP)

      side v 3 • esp SE

      skull orchard n • chiefly Appalachians, SE (MAP)

      slam adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp SE

      snakeberry n 4 • SE

      snake hawk n 1 • chiefly SE

      snook n2 • esp SE, NEast

      sop n 1 • chiefly W Midl, SE, West exc TX (MAP)

      sorry adj B1 • scattered, but esp SE, Lower Missip Valley, TX, OK (MAP)

      stave v 4 • chiefly SE; less freq NEast

      stick broom n • chiefly SE, esp S Atl (MAP)

      streak of lean n • chiefly SE (MAP)

      stretch flow n • SE

      suckhole n 2 • esp Mid Atl, SE (MAP)

      suption n1 • SE, Gulf States

      swamp haw n • SE

      swamp laurel n 1 • chiefly SE

      swamp primrose n • esp SE

      tabby n • SE, esp GA, SC

      telephone v B • chiefly SE, S Midl (MAP)

      tight n • chiefly SE, TX, OK (MAP)

      tilly hawk n • chiefly SE (MAP)

      tomato n A3 (pronc) • NEast, SE

      toothache tree n • esp SE

      transfer truck n • chiefly SE, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      trash mover n 2 • SE, esp NC, SC

      tumbleset n, v • chiefly SE, Gulf States; also NEast (MAP)

      tush n A1 (pronc) • chiefly SE, sAppalachians (MAP)

      weeky-day n • chiefly SE, esp GA

      whicker n1, v • chiefly SE, Mid Atl (MAP)

      whopper-jawed adj 1 • chiefly C and Mid Atl, SE, N Cent (MAP)

      willow cat n a • chiefly SE, Lower Missip Valley

      yard ax n • chiefly SE

South Midland

      about to die adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      admire v A • chiefly NEng, S Midl

      admire v B1 • chiefly NEng, S Midl, and settlement areas

      after prep B2 • chiefly S Midl

      afterdinner n • chiefly S Midl

      aggie forti(e)s n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      aggravate v B • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      aggravating ppl adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      aim v • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      airish adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      airn pron • Sth, S Midl

      all-overs n pl 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      all sorts of adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      all the • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      all (the) time adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      almanac n (pronc) • chiefly NEng, S Midl

      already adv (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      aluminum n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      a many a adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ambeer n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      ancient adj, n (pronc) • S Midl

      anigh prep • esp Sth, S Midl

      antic adj 1 • chiefly S Midl

      antic n • S Midl

      antigodlin adj, adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      antigoglin adj, adv • Sth, S Midl, West

      anxious bench n • chiefly N Atl, Sth, S Midl

      anyways adv 1 • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      anyways adv 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      apricot n B • chiefly S Midl

      arbor n B1 • S Midl

      argufy v • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      article n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      ashcake n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ashy adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      as the feller says adv phr • chiefly NEng, S Midl

      atwixt prep • now chiefly S Midl

      auger-eyed adj • S Midl

      aunt n A2 (pronc) • chiefly S Midl, less freq Sth

      awful adj 3 • Sth, S Midl

      back v 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      back v 7 • esp S Midl

      back and forth v phr • S Midl

      back back v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      backed up adj phr • S Midl

      backings n • S Midl

      backset n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      back-step n • S Midl

      back yonder adv • chiefly S Midl

      bacon n B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bad adj B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bad man n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bad off adj phr 2 • widespread, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bad pay n • Sth, S Midl

      bad sick adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl, but esp Inland Sth (MAP)

      bait n 1b • chiefly S Midl, West

      bait n 1d • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bait n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      bald n • chiefly S Midl, esp sAppalachians, Ozarks

      ballad n (pronc) • chiefly in S Midl

      ballad n B • chiefly S Midl

      ball shoe n • ?chiefly S Midl

      bandy-shanked adj • prob Sth, S Midl

      bare adj (pronc) • esp S Midl

      bark v1 1 • S Midl

      bark v2 1 • chiefly S Midl

      barking exercise n • chiefly S Midl, esp KY

      bar off v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      basket meeting n • Sth, S Midl

      bath v • ?chiefly Sth, S Midl

      battercake n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      battle n1 • S Midl

      battle v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      battling block n • chiefly S Midl

      battling stick n • Sth, S Midl

      bawling-hound n • S Midl

      be v Al (pronc) • formerly widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      be v A2 (pronc) • widespread, esp NEng, S Midl

      be v A5 (pronc) • formerly widespread, now chiefly S Midl

      be v B3b • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      be v B3c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      be v B4a • chiefly S Midl

      be v B6 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      beans, not to know v phr c • esp Sth, S Midl

      bear v 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bear-hug v • chiefly S Midl

      beast n A • chiefly S Midl

      beast n B1 • Sth, S Midl, NEng

      beast n B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      beaten biscuit n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp KY, MD, VA (MAP)

      beatenest adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      beau dollar n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      because conj (pronc) • in Sth, S Midl

      bed n A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bed n B1 • Sth, S Midl

      bedpost v • S Midl

      bedstead n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bee gum n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      beeler n • S Midl

      bee martin n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bees swarm phr • S Midl

      bee stand n • chiefly S Midl

      beetleweed n • chiefly S Midl

      *beet tops n pl • widespread, but least freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      before-day n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      begin v A1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      begin v A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      begone v • chiefly S Midl

      behind a dime adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Mid Atl (MAP)

      beholden adj • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      being conj • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      bell cow n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      bellows n, v (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl

      bellows n, v A2 • esp S Midl (formerly also NEng)

      bell pepper n • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, West (MAP)

      belly-rub n, v • chiefly S Midl

      belly washer n 1 • ?Sth, S Midl

      belong v B • Sth, S Midl

      benasty v • esp S Midl

      bench-legged adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bend n1 • chiefly S Midl

      benighted ppl adj • formerly widespread, now chiefly S Midl

      betsy bug n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp AR, KY

      betwixt prep • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      beyond prep, adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      biddable adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bid whist n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      biff n1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      biff v • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      big adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      big adj 2 • chiefly S Midl

      big v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      big dog n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp SC (MAP and Map Section)

      biggity adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      big hominy n • Sth, S Midl

      big house n 2 • chiefly S Midl

      big Ike n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      big meeting n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      big time n • widespread, but esp Sth, S Midl

      bill n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      billfolder n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bird n A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bird n B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      birth v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      birthing vbl n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      biscuit n A • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      biscuit n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      biscuit bread n • chiefly S Midl

      biscuit-eater n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      -bit suff • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bite v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      biting ppl adj • S Midl

      bitter adj 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bitterweed milk n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      black-and-tan n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blackberry storm n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blackberry winter n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      black dark n • prob Sth, S Midl

      black Dutch n • esp common Sth, S Midl

      black-eyed Susie n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blackguard v C2 • chiefly S Midl

      blackguard adj D • chiefly S Midl

      blackguarding ppl adj • chiefly S Midl

      blackguarding vbl n • chiefly S Midl

      black gum n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      black haw n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      blackjack oak n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      black man n 1 • esp common Sth, S Midl

      black racer n 1 • chiefly S Midl (Map Section)

      blacktongue n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      blade n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blade fodder n • chiefly S Midl

      blate n, v A1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      blate v B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bleed v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bless out v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blind bridle n • scattered, but esp common Sth, S Midl

      blink n1 • chiefly S Midl

      blinked ppl adj • chiefly S Midl

      blip n, intj • prob Sth, S Midl

      blizzard n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blockade n • chiefly S Midl

      blockade v • chiefly S Midl

      blockader n • chiefly S Midl

      block and tickle n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blood boil n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blood kin n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bloodshotten adj • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      bloom n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blouse n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      blow n2 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blow v1 A2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, and scattered Nth (MAP)

      blow fire (out) v phr • Sth, S Midl

      blow horn n • chiefly S Midl

      blubber n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blubber v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blue adj 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blue catfish n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp lower Missip Valley (MAP)

      blue gum n1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blue-gummed adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blue hen’s chicken n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blue john n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      blunt n2 • chiefly S Midl

      boar n attrib • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      board n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      board tree n • chiefly S Midl

      bobble n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bodacious adj, adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bodaciously adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      body waist n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bogue v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      boguish adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      boil n1, v (pronc) • S Midl

      boiled custard n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      boiling n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      bold hives n 2 • chiefly S Midl

      bone felon n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      bone idle adj • chiefly S Midl

      booger n1 1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      booger n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      booger v1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW

      boogerbear n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      boogerman n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bookity-book adv, n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      books n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      boresome adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      born v tr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      born days n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      borning vbl n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      borrow v A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl and NEng, esp ME

      bosh n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast (MAP)

      botherate v • esp S Midl

      bots n pl 1 • chiefly S Midl, Gulf States (MAP)

      bottom n 8 • Sth, S Midl

      boundary n • chiefly S Midl

      bounden adj • chiefly S Midl

      box n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      box n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      box v2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      box house n 1 • chiefly S Midl, esp Ozarks

      boxing n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      box, off one’s adj phr • chiefly S Midl

      boy n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brake n2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX

      branch n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      branch water n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brand-fire-new adj phr • chiefly S Midl

      bray n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bread n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bread v • chiefly Midl, esp S Midl

      break n1 5 • esp Sth, S Midl

      break v C3 • chiefly S Midl

      break v C5 • chiefly S Midl

      breakdown n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      break it off in v phr • Sth, S Midl

      bream n (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl

      bream n B3 • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      breath harp n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bridle blind n • esp S Midl

      brier n 2 • esp S Midl

      brier hook n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bright adj 1 • chiefly S Atl, S Midl

      bring v A (pronc) • in Sth, S Midl

      bring v C4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      britches n pl 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      britches n pl 2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      britches n pl 2c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      broad n • esp S Midl

      brogan n 1 • widespread, but esp common in Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      broiler house n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      broken vein n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      *broody n • widespread, but least freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      broom sedge n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brother n A1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      brother n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      brought-on ppl adj • chiefly S Midl

      bruise v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brush n, v1 A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brush n, v1 A2 • chiefly S Midl

      brush n B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brush v2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      brush broom n1 • Sth, S Midl

      brute n • chiefly S Midl, occas NEng

      bubba n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bubblegum machine n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bubby n1 1 • scattered, but esp S Midl

      buck v1 B6c • chiefly S Midl

      buck-and-wing n • widely known, but used esp Sth, S Midl

      *buckboard n 1 • widespread, but less freq in Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bucket n 2a • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      bud n2 1a • widespread, but esp common in Sth, S Midl

      bug n1 8 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bug n1 14c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bugaboo n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      bugger n1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bughouse n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      build the fence v phr • esp S Midl

      bulge n, v (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl

      bulge v C • esp S Midl

      bull n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      bull v • chiefly S Midl

      bullbat n 1 • chiefly S Atl, Gulf States, SW, scattered S Midl (MAP)

      bullfrogs, rain v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bullgrass n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      bullnose pepper n • chiefly NEast, Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bull of the woods n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, Pacific (MAP)

      bull-roarer n 1a • chiefly S Midl

      bull tongue n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bumblebee adj • Sth, S Midl

      bumfuzzle v • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bump n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bundle n, v1 (pronc) • in Sth, S Midl

      burnout n 1 • S Midl

      burying n • Sth, S Midl

      bush ax n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Mid Atl (MAP)

      bush hog n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      bush hog v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      buss v1 • chiefly S Midl

      bust v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      busthead n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      butternut n 3 • esp S Midl

      butternut n 4 • esp S Midl

      buttonhole n 1 • chiefly S Midl

      buzzard bait n • esp S Midl

      buzzard roost n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp SC, TX (MAP)

      buzzard-wing sweep n • Sth, S Midl

      by prep 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      byword n • chiefly S Midl

      cabbage n A2a • esp S Midl, NEng

      cackle v • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cadgy adj • chiefly S Midl

      calf-eyes n • prob Sth, S Midl

      calf-rope, holler v phr • chiefly S Midl, Gulf States (MAP)

      calf-slobber(s) n • chiefly S Midl, SW

      call v 11 • S Midl

      call v 12 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      call by v phr • prob S Midl

      called to straw adj • S Midl

      call hogs v phr • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      camphor n • esp in S Midl

      can v1 1b (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl

      candle n A (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl

      candy breaking n • S Midl

      candy pulling n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast, CA (MAP)

      cap n1 2a • chiefly S Midl, Sth (MAP and Map Section)

      cap n1 5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cap v 4 • Sth, S Midl

      captain n B2 • Sth, S Midl

      captain n B3 • chiefly S Midl

      car n1 (pronc) • esp in S Midl

      carbuncle n (pronc) • esp in S Midl

      carcass n • perh esp Sth, S Midl

      card n1 (pronc) • esp in S Midl

      careen v • chiefly S Midl

      car house n • Sth, S Midl

      carpet, on the adj phr • Sth, S Midl, esp NC, TX, AR (MAP)

      carrion n (pronc) • esp in S Midl

      carry v (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      carry v B1 • formerly freq in NEng; now chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      carry v B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      car shed n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cash money n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cat n 3c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cat n 8 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      catabias adj, adv • chiefly Midl, esp S Midl

      catamount n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast

      cat-and-clay n • S Midl

      catawampus n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      catawba n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, OH, IN (MAP)

      catch v B9 • Sth, S Midl

      catch v B10 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      catch ’im v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      catch-pain n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      catercorner adj A1a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cathead n • Sth, S Midl

      cave-in n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cavort v • orig chiefly Sth, S Midl, now widespread

      cedar pencil n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cement n, v, adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      certain adj, adv (pronc) • esp NEast, Sth, S Midl

      chair n (pronc) • Sth and S Midl, scattered in PA, NEng

      chairbacker n • Sth, S Midl

      chamber lye n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      chance n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chap n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chartered adj • Sth, S Midl

      check n1 3 • Sth, S Midl

      checkline n 2 • chiefly S Midl (MAP)

      cheep v • chiefly S Midl

      cheese n A • chiefly S Midl

      chess pie n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chew one’s bit(s) v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chew one’s tobacco v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chickamy chickamy craney crow n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Chickasaw plum n • chiefly S Midl

      chicken crow n • S Midl

      chicken-eater n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chicken fight n 1 • chiefly S Midl, esp KY, MD

      chickoo intj • Sth, S Midl

      chifforobe n • scattered, but esp freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      chiggerweed n • chiefly S Midl

      child n A1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      child n A2 (pronc) • chiefly nNEng, Sth, S Midl

      child n A2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      child n A3 • Sth, S Midl

      chill bumps n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      chill tonic n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chimney n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chimney sweep n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      china n (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      chinch n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      chinchy adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      chink v • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      chinquapin n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      chitterlings n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chocolate drop n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      Christmas n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Christmas n 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      Christmas Eve n • ?chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Christmas gift exclam • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      Christmas tree n 3 • chiefly Sth, nNEng, also S Midl (MAP)

      chuffy adj2 • chiefly S Midl

      chug v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chug-full adj • S Midl

      chughole n • chiefly S Midl, esp KY (MAP)

      chunk-floater n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      chunk of fire n • chiefly S Midl

      church v 2 • chiefly S Midl

      church house n • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      ciphering vbl n • chiefly S Midl

      circumstance n B2 • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      city sparrow n • chiefly S Midl, esp KY, SC

      civil adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      clabber cheese n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      clap in, clap out n • esp Sth, S Midl, NEng

      claybank adj • formerly more widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      clean one’s plow v phr • esp S Midl

      clear n, v, adv, adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      clearing n • S Midl

      clever adj 3 • formerly NEng, now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      climb v 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      clod buster n 1 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      club n 1 • once general, now chiefly S Midl

      coat n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      cobbler n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      coca-cola n B • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW

      cock n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cod n1 1 • chiefly S Midl

      coffin tack n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      coil v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cold-trail v 1 • ?chiefly S Midl

      collard n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      collogue v 1 • chiefly S Midl

      colonel n B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      come v A5b • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      come v B5 • esp S Midl

      come by v phr 1 • chiefly S Midl

      come by v phr 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      come-by-chance n • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl

      come-off n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      come on v phr 3 • chiefly S Midl

      come sick v phr • Sth, S Midl

      come through v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      come up v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      come up v phr 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      comfort n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      common adj 1 • chiefly S Midl

      common adj 2 • chiefly S Midl, occas NEng

      company room n • Sth, S Midl

      confidence v • chiefly S Midl

      contrary v • chiefly S Midl

      cookie n1 2 • Sth, S Midl

      cookroom n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cooling room n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      coon n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      coon v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      coon dog n1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      coonhunt v • chiefly S Midl

      coop n1 (pronc) • Sth, S Midl

      copperas n attrib • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      corn v 1 • ?chiefly S Midl

      corn dodger n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      corner n1 (pronc) • esp in Sth, S Midl

      cornfield pea n • Sth, S Midl

      corn light bread n • Sth, S Midl

      corn malt n • ?S Midl

      corn patty n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      corn shucking n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      corporosity n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      corruption n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      co-sheep(ie) n • chiefly S Midl

      co-sheep(ie) v phr • chiefly S Midl (MAP)

      cost v A1 (pronc) • esp in S Midl

      cottonhead n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      counterpin n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      country n B1 • esp S Midl

      cove n1 3 • esp S Midl

      cow critter n • chiefly S Midl

      crab-apple switch n • Sth, S Midl, esp MS

      crabgrass n 1 • chiefly S Midl

      crackling bread n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      crackloo n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cramp-colic n • scattered Sth, S Midl

      crawfish adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crawl v • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cream gravy n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      creature n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl, and NEng

      credit n B • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      creece n • chiefly S Midl

      creel v • ?S Midl

      creep v A • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cribber n • chiefly S Midl

      crimpy adj • esp S Midl

      cringe v, n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      cripple v • S Midl

      crook nose n • prob chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crop n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crop n B1 • prob chiefly Sth, S Midl, West

      crop v 3 • ?S Midl

      cropper n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      cross v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crossways adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crowder n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      crystal n (pronc) • S Midl

      cuckleburr n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      cull list, on the adj phr • S Midl

      cur dog n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cure n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cure out v phr • Sth, S Midl

      cure up v phr • chiefly S Midl

      curiosity n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      curious adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      curious adj B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      curl n, v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      cushaw n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cuss-fight n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cut n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cut v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cut a rusty v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cut off v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cut on v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      cut one’s eyes v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cut one’s foot v phr • esp S Midl

      cutter n1 7 • chiefly S Midl

      cut the pigeon(’s) wing v phr • esp S Midl

      cymling n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      cymling-head n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dad n2 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      daddy n 1 • widespread, but somewhat more freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      daddy n 5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dairy house n • esp Sth, S Midl

      dam-buster n • esp Sth, S Midl

      davenette n • chiefly S Midl (MAP)

      *davenport n • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl, N Atl (MAP)

      day and time n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dead adj B1 • Sth, S Midl

      dead adj B3 • Sth, S Midl

      deadbeat v • esp Sth, S Midl

      dead cat on the line n • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      deadening n 1 • chiefly S Midl

      dead lice are falling off, like adv phr • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      deadline n • Sth, S Midl

      deadwood n • chiefly S Midl, West

      death bell n • S Midl

      declare v • Sth, S Midl

      deedie n • Sth, S Midl

      deep-water Baptist n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      delicate adj • esp Sth, S Midl

      den n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      den v • esp Sth, S Midl

      despise v • Sth, S Midl

      dest n • esp Sth, S Midl

      destructious adj • S Midl

      devil n B2 • formerly more widespread, now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      devil n B4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      devil and Tom Walker, the n • chiefly NEng, S Midl

      devilish adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      devilment n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      devil’s footstool n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      devil’s horse n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      devil’s horse n 4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      devil’s shoestring n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      devil’s-snuffbox n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dew n (pronc) • Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      dew poison n • chiefly S Midl, esp sAppalachians

      diamond n (pronc) • esp S Midl

      didapper n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      diddle v 3 • esp Sth, S Midl

      dido n 1 • widespread, but esp NEng, Sth, S Midl

      diffabitterance n • chiefly S Midl

      differ n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      differ v • Sth, S Midl

      diggings n pl • scattered, but esp freq Sth, S Midl

      dike v • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dilatory adj • S Midl

      dinner on the ground(s) n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dinner pot n • esp Sth, S Midl

      dip n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dip v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dipper n 6 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dipping stick n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      directly adv, conj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      directly adv, conj B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dirk n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dirt dauber n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      discipline n, v (pronc) • chiefly S Midl

      disencourage v • chiefly S Midl

      disfurnish v 1 • S Midl, Sth

      disgust v • S Midl

      dish n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dish-face n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dish-faced adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dishrag gourd n • chiefly S Midl

      disremember v • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dive v 1 • Sth, S Midl, nNEng

      dive v 2 • Sth, S Midl

      do n1 5a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      do v B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp Mid and S Atl

      do v B6 • esp Sth, S Midl

      do v C5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      do v C6 • esp S Midl

      do v D2 • Sth, S Midl

      do around v phr • Sth, S Midl

      doctor v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      doctor v 2 • chiefly S Midl

      doctor woman n 2 • Sth, S Midl

      doddly adj • S Midl

      dodger n1 1 • Sth, S Midl

      dog n1 (pronc) • chiefly NEng, S Midl

      dog n1 B7 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dog n1 B17a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dog n1 B17d • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dog v 6 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dogbread n • Sth, S Midl

      dog drunk adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dogfall n 1 • chiefly S Midl

      dog fennel n 1 • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      dog fennel n 4 • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      doggery n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dog iron n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dogleg n • esp S Midl

      dog my cats intj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dogpelter n • chiefly S Midl

      dog run n • chiefly S Midl, occas Sth

      dog’s bait n • Sth, S Midl

      dog tick n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dogtrot n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dogwood winter n • chiefly S Midl

      doing n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      doing n 2 • chiefly NEng, Sth, S Midl

      do-less adj • chiefly S Midl

      doll baby n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      doll rags n pl • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      domestic n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dominicker n 1 • scattered, but chiefly S Midl

      done adv • Sth, S Midl

      doodlebug n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      doodl(e)y squat n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dose n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dote v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEng

      doty adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      double-back-action adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      double cabin n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      double-dog dare v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      double-jointed adj 1 • S Midl, Sth

      double-pen(ned) adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      double shovel plow n • chiefly S Midl (MAP)

      double shuffle n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, orig also NEng

      double-u n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      doublings n pl • chiefly S Midl

      doughbelly n 4 • chiefly S Midl

      doughface n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *doughnut hole n • scattered, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      down adj D5 • chiefly S Midl

      down n2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      down-and-out adj 3 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      downspout n • esp S Midl

      down the country, give one v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      draft n1 B4 • chiefly S Midl

      drag v B2 • chiefly S Midl

      drag v B5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      drag harrow n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dragon n B1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      drain v, n1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      dram n 1 • chiefly S Midl (MAP)

      dram v1 • chiefly S Midl, esp sAppalachians

      draw n 1b • esp S Midl

      draw v B1 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      draw v B2 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      draw v C2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      draw v C3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      draw v C4 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      draw v C7 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      drawbar n 1 • formerly NEng, now chiefly S Midl

      *dray n 2 • widespread, but less freq S Midl, Cent

      dream v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      drindle v • chiefly S Midl, esp sAppalachians

      drip n 2 • chiefly S Midl

      driprock n • chiefly S Midl

      drive n 8 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      drive v B2 • now esp Sth, S Midl

      drive one’s ducks to a poor market v phr • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      droll adj 1 • Sth, S Midl

      drop n, v (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      drop n C1 • formerly widespread, now chiefly S Midl

      drop v D1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      drop one’s candy v phr • esp Sth, S Midl

      dropsy n1 1 • esp Sth, S Midl

      *drought n A3 (pronc) • scattered, but less freq Sth, S Midl

      drown the miller v phr 2 • esp S Midl

      drug n1 • chiefly S Midl

      drummer n 6 • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dry drizzle n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dry fly n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dry grin n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      drying cloth n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dry-land turtle n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, Cent, SW (MAP and Map Section)

      dry so adj phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dry so adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dubious adj A2 • Sth, S Midl

      dubious adj A3 • chiefly S Midl, also NEng, Sth

      duckbill n 2 • S Midl

      duck butter n 1 • chiefly S Midl

      *duck soup n • widespread, but less freq S Midl (MAP)

      due adj, n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dull adj 3b • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      dumb bull n 1 • esp S Midl

      durn v, intj • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      dusky dark n • chiefly S Midl (MAP and Map Section)

      dust n1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      *Dutchman n 1 • widespread exc Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      d.w.i. n • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, TX (MAP)

      each and every pron • S Midl

      ear n1 (pronc) • S Midl

      earbob n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      early candlelight n • chiefly S Midl

      earn v • chiefly S Midl

      earth n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ease v 3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      east n2 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      easy adj 3 • Sth, S Midl

      eat v A2a • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      eat v A2b • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl, N Atl (MAP)

      eat v A3a • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      eat v A3b • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl, N Atl (MAP)

      eat v B2 • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      eat v B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      eating joint n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl, SW (MAP)

      -ed suff 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -ed suff 3 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -ed suff 5 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      eddy n 1 • scattered, but esp freq S Midl

      eel n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      egg n (pronc) • chiefly S Midl

      egg n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl, NEast

      egg v1 (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      egg bread n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp GA (MAP)

      egg custard (pie) n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp MS (MAP)

      egg-sucker n 1 • Sth, S Midl

      egg turner n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      element n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      eleven adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ellenyard n • Sth, S Midl

      elm n (pronc) • widespread but somewhat more freq Sth, S Midl

      end n, v A1 • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      end of one’s row n • chiefly Sth, S Midl, exc Mid Atl

      enduring adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      enduring prep • Sth, S Midl

      equal n, v, adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -er • chiefly S Midl; also NEast

      -er affix 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -es suff1 1b • Sth, S Midl

      -es suff1 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      -est superl suff • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      evening n B • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      event n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ever adj • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, esp TX (MAP)

      ever adv (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      ever adv B • chiefly Sth, S Midl, occas NEng

      ever adv C1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      everlasting adj, adv • chiefly NEng, S Midl

      exactly adv • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      except(ing) conj B • Sth, S Midl

      expect v (pronc) • Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      extra adj B • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      eye n1 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      eyebright n 3 • chiefly S Midl

      eyes n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fact n, v A1 • chiefly S Midl

      faint n • S Midl

      fainty adj 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fair off v phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fall off v phr 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fall out v phr 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      family n (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      far adv, adj1 B1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      far adv, adj1 B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      far adv, adj1 B3 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      far adv, adj1 C2 • chiefly S Midl

      far adv, adj1 C4 • chiefly S Midl

      far piece n 1 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl, N Cent (MAP)

      farrowing house n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fat adj2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fatback n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl; also NEast (MAP)

      fat pine n 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fatty-bread n • chiefly S Midl

      fault v B1 • chiefly S Midl

      faunch v 1 • chiefly S Midl, West

      favor n B1 • Sth, S Midl

      favor v C1 • widespread, but chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      favorance n 1 • S Midl

      favorite n, adj (pronc) • esp S Midl

      feather v 5 • S Midl

      feather-legged adj • Sth, S Midl

      feature v 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl, ME

      feel of v phr • chiefly S Midl, Sth (MAP)

      feel one’s keeping v phr • chiefly S Midl

      feist n 1 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      feisty adj 1 • chiefly S Midl

      feisty adj 2 • chiefly S Midl

      fence n, v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      fertilize n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      fescue n • chiefly S Midl, S Atl (MAP)

      fessor n • chiefly S Midl, Sth

      fetch v (pronc) • esp S Midl

      fetch v A1 • esp S Midl

      fetch v A2 • esp S Midl

      fetched ppl adj, adv • chiefly S Midl

      few, a adj phr • Sth, S Midl

      fiddle, fine as a adj phr • now chiefly Sth, S Midl

      field n (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      field lark n • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      field pea n • Sth, S Midl

      fight v (pronc) • esp Sth, S Midl

      fight a circular saw v phr • Sth, S Midl

      fighting adj 2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fightingest adj • esp S Midl

      filling n 1 • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      filling n 2 • esp Sth, S Midl

      find v B2 • chiefly Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      finger n B1c • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      finish n • scattered, but esp Sth, S Midl

      fire n B2 • scattered, but chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fire v C10 • chiefly S Midl

      fire and tow n • chiefly NEng, S Midl, Sth

      fireboard n 1 • chiefly S Midl (MAP)

      firebox n 1a • esp Sth, S Midl

      fire coal n • chiefly S Midl

      fire, come to borrow v phr • scattered, but esp S Midl

      *firefly n 1 • widespread, but less freq Sth, S Midl (MAP)

      first shot n • Sth, S Midl

      fish n, v, adj (pronc) • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fish fry n • scattered Missip-Ohio Valleys, Sth, S Midl

      fist n1 (pronc) • esp S Midl

      fist and skull adj phr, adv phr • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      Fist City n • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      fitten adj • chiefly Sth, S Midl

      five-up n • chiefly S Midl (MAP)

      fix v B1c • esp Sth, S Midl (MAP)