Verb Forms (Within Text)

OO1a To buy: “Have you ________ your groceries?” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO1b To buy: “Yes, I ________ them an hour ago.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO2a Talking about eating: “He feels sick—he must have ________ something (that disagreed with him).”

OO2b Talking about eating: “I don’t feel right—I think I ________ too much.”

OO3a Speaking about drinking coffee: “The coffee’s all gone—we must have ________ (a lot).”

OO3b Speaking about drinking coffee: “There’s not a drop left—we ________ (it all).”

OO4a To knit: “When we were young, she ________ all our socks.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO4b To knit: “She has also ________ sweaters and mittens.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO5a Talking about heating houses: “Before furnaces came in, our house was ________ (with a stove).”

OO5b Talking about heating houses: “Years ago they ________ (the house) with a stove.”

OO6a Talking about dough with yeast in it: “The room was warm, so the dough ________ (quickly).”

OO6b Talking about dough with yeast in it: “She put the dough in the oven too soon—before it had ________ enough.”

OO7a Talking about giving presents: “Yesterday was John’s birthday so everybody ________ (him presents).”

OO7b Talking about giving presents: “I didn’t know about it in time or I would’ve ________ (one too).”

OO8a Talking about hanging a criminal: “Before the electric chair came in, a murderer would be ________.” [Not asked in early Questionnaires]

OO8b If a man committed suicide by hanging, you’d say he ________ (himself). [Not asked in early Questionnaires]

OO8c Hang: “He ________ his coat on my hook.” [As OO8a] [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO8d “It has ________ for two days.” [As OO8b] [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO9a To ask: “He won’t tell me even though I’ve ________ him many times.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO9b To ask: “Today I’m going to ask him the same question I ________ him yesterday.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO10a Talking about climbing trees: “When we were children we often ________ (trees).”

OO10b Talking about climbing trees: “Some trees were dangerous—we shouldn’t have ________ (those).”

OO11a Talking about catching mice: “Some mice got into the cellar but our cat ________ (them).”

OO11b Talking about catching mice: “That makes five she’s ________ (this week).”

OO12a Talking about dogs biting: “Some dogs will bite—last week the mailman was ________.”

OO12b Talking about dogs biting: “It was a big black dog that ________ him.”

OO13a About breaking a leg: “He limps ever since he ________ his leg.”

OO13b About breaking a leg: “That’s the second time he has ________ (that leg).”

OO14a About the wind blowing hard: “Last night the wind ________ (very hard).”

OO14b About the wind blowing hard: “One of my apple trees was ________ (down).”

OO15a About freezing your ears: “I was so cold my ears nearly ________.”

OO15b About freezing your ears: “If he had been out last night he would have ________ (his ears).”

OO16a Talking about bringing tools: “I was supposed to bring the nails—you should have ________ (the hammer).”

OO16b Talking about bringing tools: “I did bring the hammer, and I also ________ (a saw).” (Gesture of sawing)

OO17a Talking about someone coming home: “Yesterday her son ________ home.”

OO17b Talking about someone coming home: “He was late; he should have ________ (days ago).”

OO18a Talking about drawing a plan: “Last year the plan for the new school was ________ (up).” [Early QRs (as OO18b): “He has already ________ the plans for three other schools.”]

OO18b Talking about drawing a plan: “I know that man ________ (it).” [Early QRs (as OO18a): Draw: “He ________ the plan for the school.”]

OO19a Talking about stretching out to rest: “He felt tired, so he went to the couch (or other word) and ________ (down for a while).”

OO19b Talking about stretching out to rest: “He’ll feel better after he has ________ (down a while).”

OO20a About the school bell ringing: “When it was time for school, the bell ________.”

OO20b About the school bell ringing: “It’s eight o’clock. Has the bell ________ (yet)?”

OO21a To learn: “Even as a child, he ________ fast.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO21b To learn: “He has always ________ quicker than the others.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO22a About knowing people: “He used to live next door. At that time I ________ (him well).”

OO22b About knowing people, “For the past twenty years I’ve ________ (him well).”

OO23a About a child growing: “Billy has to have new clothes—during the summer he ________ (two inches).”

OO23b About a child growing: “You wouldn’t think a child could have ________ (so fast).”

OO24a To fight: “Bill ________ hard, but Jack beat him.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO24b To fight: “Bill has ________ with every boy in school.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO25a Talking about diving: “The water is deep enough—the children have often ________ (there).”

OO25b Talking about diving: “Only yesterday the children ________ (there).”

OO26a Talking about drowning: “The current is very strong. Several people have ________ (there).” [Not asked in early Questionnaires]

OO26b Talking about drowning: “Only last week a boy was ________ (there).” [Not asked in early Questionnaires]

OO26c Drown: “The water is quite deep. Lots of people have been ________ here.” [As OO26a] [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO26d “Only last week a child ________ here.” [As OO26b] [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO27a Talking about riding horses: “When she was a girl she ________ horseback.”

OO27b Talking about riding horses: “All my life I’ve ________ (horses).”

OO28a Talking about running: “John was so scared he ________ (all the way home).”

OO28b Talking about running: “He was out of breath because he had ________ (so fast).”

OO29a Talking about swimming: “The water is clean—we have always ________ (there).”

OO29b Talking about swimming: “When we were children we ________ (there too).”

OO30a Talking about a horse throwing the rider: “John got a bad horse and was ________ (off).”

OO30b Talking about a horse throwing the rider: “Last week the same horse ________ (his brother).”

OO31a To dream: “Last night I ________ I was going away.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO31b To dream: “I have ________ that same thing often.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO32a To wake: “Last night I ________ three times.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO32b If a person can’t sleep steadily but keeps on waking, he might say, “Every night this week I’ve ________ (several times).”

OO33a Talking about doing chores: “Seven days a week, chores have to be ________.” [Early QRs (as OO33b): “I guess I’ve ________ that a thousand times.”]

OO33b Talking about doing chores: “This morning as usual we ________ (the chores).” [Early QRs (as OO33a): Do: “I ________ it again this morning.”]

OO34a Talking about writing a letter home: “It’s weeks since she last ________ (us a letter).”

OO34b Talking about writing a letter home: “She should have ________ (long ago).”

OO35a Talking about vegetables thriving: “Last year we fertilized the garden, and the plants really ________.”

OO35b Talking about vegetables thriving: “That land is poor—nothing has ever ________ there.”

OO36a To wear: “He went dancing and ________ his new shoes.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO36b To wear: “His new shoes were no good. He has ________ a hole in them already.” [Asked in early Questionnaires only]

OO37a Talking about clothes shrinking: “The first time my wool socks were washed they ________.” [Early QRs (as OO37b): “They ________ the first time they were washed.”]

OO37b Talking about clothes shrinking: “I can’t get them on because they’ve ________ (too much).” [Early QRs (as OO37a): Shrink: “My wool socks have ________ so that I can’t wear them.”]

OO38a About shoes fitting just right: “When I tried these shoes on, they ________ (just right).”

OO38b About shoes fitting just right: “I wouldn’t have bought them if they hadn’t ________ (just right).”

OO39a Talking about a meeting beginning: “Has the meeting ________ (yet)?”

OO39b Talking about a meeting beginning: “Yes, it ________ (an hour ago).”

OO40a About driving a car: “They borrowed our car last night and John ________.”

OO40b About driving a car: “That was the first time John had ever ________ (our car).”

OO41a About taking too many chances: “He got hurt because he ________ (too many chances).”

OO41b About taking too many chances: “He would be alive today if he hadn’t ________ (so many chances).”

OO42a About stealing money: “He admitted that he ________ (the money).”

OO42b About stealing money: “He says it’s the first time he has ever ________ (money).”

OO43a About pleading with somebody: “She said she was afraid to be alone and ________ (with me to stay).”

OO43b About pleading: “I wouldn’t have stayed if she hadn’t ________ (so hard).”

OO44a About somebody in a chair: “He did nothing at all—he just ________ (there).”

OO44b About somebody in a chair: “All day long he has just ________ (in that chair).”

OO45a About seeing somebody: “He thought nobody was looking but I ________ (him hide it).”

OO45b About seeing somebody: “Many’s the time I’ve ________ him hide things.”

OO46a Talking about dragging something heavy: “We hitched the log on and ________ it out (of the woods).”

OO46b Talking about dragging something heavy: “Half a mile or so we must have ________ (it)!”

OO47a Talking about horses sweating: “It was a warm day and the horses ________ (a lot).”

OO47b Talking about horses sweating: “They wouldn’t have caught cold if they hadn’t ________ (so much).”

DARE Data Summary by Dictionary of American Regional English (DARE) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.