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lagniappe

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lagniappe n Usu |ˈlænˌjæp|; also |ˌlænˈjæp| Pronc-spp lagnappe, laniappe, lan(ny)-yap, lanyope; abbr nap; for addit pronc and sp varr see quots [See quot 1931] chiefly Gulf States, esp LA See Map and Map Section Cf boot n1 1a, broadus n

 A small gratuity or bonus included with a purchase; by ext, anything extra thrown in for good measure.

1849 Knickerbocker 34.407, Ime sum pumpkins in that line; but he’s a huckleberry above my persimmon, and right smart lanyope too, as them creole darkies say. 1853 Hammett Stray Yankee in TX 47, When he lost [at poker], if the money were not absolutely staked, he would usually put off the winner with . . a dubious note that he had received as “lanyappe,” (Anglice, boot money.) 1883 Twain Life on Missip. (Boston) 450 LA, We picked up one excellent word—a word worth travelling to New Orleans to get; a nice limber, expressive, handy word—“Lagniappe.” They pronounce it lanny-yap. It is Spanish—so they said. . . It is something thrown in, gratis, for good measure. 1884 Cable Creoles of LA 114, Ñapa—the petty gratuity added, by the retailer, to anything bought . . [was] drawn out into Gallicized lagnappe. 1892 KS Univ. Qrly. 1.97 LA, Lagniap. 1893 Harper’s New Mth. Mag. 86.380 New Orleans LA, “Take that for a lagniappe” (pronounced lan-yap), says a storekeeper as he folds a pretty calendar into the bundle of stationery you have purchased. 1897 Lewis Wolfville 267 AZ, She’d swap the whole Mexican outfit for a word from Mace, an’ throw herse’f in for laniyap. 1903 Murrie White Castle LA 256, Little Liza received a banana for “laniappe.” 1909 DN 3.351 sAL, Nap. . . Something given as a gratuity to a purchaser. Used in and around Mobile in south Alabama. Compare lagniappe in the same sense in Louisiana. [1931 Read LA French 142, Lagniappe. . . A trifling gift presented to a customer by a merchant, or, by extension, any kind of gratuity that may be regarded as thrown in for good measure. . . Lagniappe is composed of the French la, “the,” and a French adaptation of Spanish ñapa, which is taken in turn from Kechuan yapa, “a present made to a customer.”] 1954 Armstrong Satchmo 178 New Orleans LA, For every name she called me I called her the same, and I hit her with a few real hard ones for lagniappe. 1961 PADS 36.12 sLA, Lagniappe [appears] as [lɑˈŋɑp], [lænˈjæp], and [ˈlænˌjæp]—there is even a taped occurrence of [ˌlɑnˈjæp]. 1962 Atwood Vocab. TX 68, In the Southwest, the West, and part of Central Texas pilón . . is very well known and widely used. . . The Louisiana word lagniappe has invaded Southeast Texas, particularly the Beaumont and Galveston areas. 1965–70 DARE (Qu. U15, When you’re buying something, if the seller puts in a little extra to make you feel that you’re getting a good bargain) 12 Infs, esp LA, MS, TX, [ˈlænˌjæ(ə)p]; FL17, LA14, 15, 20, 31, [ˌlænˈjæp]; LA33, 37, [ˌlɑnˈjɑp]; CA15, [ˈlɑnˌjeɪp]; CA185, [ˈlɔnˌjɑp]; LA25, [ˈlɑnˌjæp]; LA28, [ˈlænjᵻˌnæp]; LA40, [ˌlæniˈæp]; MS12, [ˈlæniˌæp]; MS73, [ˈlænˌjəᴜp]; [TN11, It’s not lagniappe, that’s New Orleans]. 1983 Reinecke Coll. 7 LA, Lagniappe—[ˈlɑnjɑp] or [ˈlænjæp] or [lanˈjɑp] a bonus expected by the purchaser and given by storekeeper. The expectation no longer exists, but still often used for promotion extras or anything thrown in. 1990 Pederson LAGS Regional Matrix 467, [Lagniappe—something extra, chiefly wLA, sMS, swAL; less freq eTX.]

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